To coerce means

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1. To coerce means to influence others
A. using positive rewards.
B. to do something against their will.
C. toward a common goal.
D. to behave ethically.
2. Which leadership style stresses that leaders must find out about their followers’ needs and then adapt
their style to those needs?
A. Skill
B. Behavioral
C. Situational
D. Trait
3. A leader who gives recognition and social support to followers is using _______ behaviors.
A. coaching
B. supporting
C. delegating
D. directing
4. Researchers studying the behavioral approach determined that leadership is composed of what two kinds
of behavior?
A. External and internal
B. Task and relationship
C. Group and individual
D. Professional and personal
5. Under Blake and Mouton’s Managerial Grid, the leadership style that’s representative of a leader with
low concern for task accomplishment coupled with a high concern for interpersonal relationships is known
as _______ management.
A. authority-compliance
B. team
C. country-club
D. impoverished
6. In 1986, Lord reassessed Mann’s 1959 finding using what type of sophisticated process?
A. Meta-analysis
B. Beta-analysis
C. Leader-analysis
D. Demographics
7. The leadership approach that has been studied for the longest time and in the most detail is the
________ approach.
A. skills
B. behavioral
C. situational
D. trait
8. The capacity or potential to influence others is best described as
A. leadership.
B. power.
C. perspective.
D. coercion.
9. The acquisition of leadership through other people in the organization who support the leader is known
as _______ leadership.
A. positional
B. emergent
C. skill
D. assigned
10. When people look at leadership as a/an _______, they believe the leader motivates followers to
accomplish more than what’s expected of them.
A. transformational process
B. skills perspective
C. orientation process
D. personality perspective
11. Kotter suggested that management produces
A. order and consistency.
B. change and movement.
C. change and structure.
D. vision and order.
12. _______ are what leaders can accomplish, whereas _______ are who leaders are.
A. Outcomes; abilities
B. Traits; outcomes
C. Skills; traits
D. Behaviors; skills
13. The acronym LBDQ stands for
A. leader bonding development qualities.
B. leadership building development quiz.
C. location behavior delegated questionnaire.
D. leader behavior description questionnaire.
14. Which model was developed to explain the capabilities that make effective leadership possible?
A. Skills
B. Trait
C. Behavioral
D. Situational
15. Understanding the attitude that others have toward a particular problem or solution is known as
A. social intelligence.
B. problem solving.
C. behavioral flexibility.
D. perspective taking.
16. Which of the following is not a task-focused leader behavior?
A. Facilitating goal accomplishment
B. Initiating structure
C. Production orientation
D. Consideration
17. Which of the components on Blake and Mouton’s Leadership Grid has low concern for interpersonal
relationships and high concern for task accomplishment?
A. Country club
B. Impoverished
C. Authority compliance
D. Middle of the road
18. The personality trait that’s most associated with leadership is
A. extraversion.
B. conscientiousness.
C. openness.
D. agreeableness.
19. Intellectual ability that’s learned or acquired over time is known as
A. trait intelligence.
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B. general cognitive ability.
C. crystallized cognitive ability.
D. social intelligence.
20. The capacity to understand people and social systems involves _______ skills.
A. intellectual
B. technical
C. social judgment
D. problem-solving
1. Leaders who may use delegation to help their followers grow through personal challenges provide
_______ motivation.
A. inspirational
B. idealized
C. individualized
D. intellectual
2. There are multiple leader behaviors, task characteristics, and follower characteristics in path-goal theory
that must be assessed correctly and integrated for effective leadership. This is considered a _______ of
path-goal theory.
A. criticism
B. strength
C. leadership benefit
D. organizational benefit
3. According to Atwater and Carmeli, a study of employees in a variety of jobs in Israeli organizations
discovered that
A. high-quality leader-member exchanges were directly correlated with creativity.
B. LMX correlated with employee feelings of energy, which then enhanced their creativity.
C. high-quality leader-member exchanges were negatively correlated with employee feelings of energy.
D. LMX was directly correlated with creativity.
4. The leadership theory that directed the attention of researchers to the differences that might exist among
leaders and each of their followers best describes the _______ theory.
A. authentic
B. leader-member exchange
C. transformational
D. path-goal
5. The later LMX studies shifted focus from describing in- and out-groups to how LMX
A. assesses leader behaviors.
B. and servant leadership are similar.
C. relates to organizational effectiveness.
D. relates to follower skill development.
6. José has consistently exceeded his sales projections for the past four quarters. His supervisor gave him a
promotion because of his high sales success. His supervisor is using _______ leadership.
A. transformational
B. transactional
C. charismatic
D. laissez-faire
7. Leaders who have very high standards of moral and ethical conduct are able to achieve _______
A. idealized
B. individualized
C. intellectual
D. inspirational
8. Before LMX theory, researchers treated leadership as something that
A. leaders extended to all of their followers.
B. was an exclusively two-way, one-dimensional form of communication.
C. existed between the leader and each of his or her followers.
D. was present within the individual actions of followers.
9. _______ theory is studied in a variety of disciplines, including nursing, education, and industrial
A. Path–goal leadership
B. Leader–member exchange
C. Transformational leadership
D. Contingency
10. Interactions within the leader-follower relationship that are rule-bound are found in the _______ phase.
A. acquaintance
B. mature partnership
C. supervisory
D. stranger
11. The idealized influence factor is measured on _______ components.
A. attributional and behavioral
B. intellectual stimulation and individualized consideration
C. charismatic and inspirational
D. positive self-regard and encouraging-the-heart
12. The testing period between a leader and a follower that determines whether the follower wishes to take
on more roles takes place in the _______ phase.
A. stranger
B. acquaintance
C. mature partnership
D. supervisory
13. The main components of path-goal theory are
A. follower characteristics, task characteristics, and supportive leadership.
B. leadership style, follower characteristics, and work setting.
C. supportive leadership, directive leadership, and participative leadership.
D. leader, followers, and task.
14. A sales manager who motivates his or her sales force to excel through the use of encouraging words to
communicate the integral role they play in the future growth of the company is an example of _______
A. intellectual
B. individualized
C. inspirational
D. idealized
15. Followers are more likely to accomplish more than what’s usually expected of them under _______
A. psychodynamic
B. transactional
C. team
D. transformational
16. Which personality characteristic of charismatic leadership is also a leadership trait?
A. Influence
B. Morality
C. Dominance
D. Self-confidence
17. When roles are tested in leadership making, the leader and follower
A. are focused on the rules of interaction.
B. are assessing the follower’s desire to take on new responsibilities.
C. have become comfortable depending on each other.
D. have already tested their interactions and found them satisfactory.
18. A special personality characteristic that gives a person superhuman or exceptional powers and is seen in
just a few individuals best describes
A. confidence.
B. charisma.
C. strength.
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D. dominance.
19. Inviting followers to share in the decision-making process is an example of _______ leadership.
A. directive
B. cooperative
C. supportive
D. participative
20. A clear vision for the future is provided by _______ leaders.
A. situational
B. charismatic
C. transformational
D. team