1. The Americas didn’t provide Europeans with added
A. technological skill.
C. natural resources.
2. Which social class suffered most during the early Tokugawa period?
3. Ignatius Loyola was a
A. wandering ascetic who founded the Franciscans.
B. priest who became a leader of the Inquisition in Spain.
C. soldier who founded the Jesuits.
D. disillusioned monk who founded the Dominican Order.
4. The Dutch and the French succeeded in overtaking Arabia in the production of
5. What common trend occurred in most regions from the mid sixteenth century to the late seventeenth
A. A decrease in wealth in the world
B. Extension of land exploitation
C. A decline in the slave trade
D. The downfall of many large empires
6. At the end of the eighteenth century, _______ had the largest economy in the world.A. China
7. During the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, Japan was the world’s leading producer of
8. The most important single source of long-range commercial maritime enterprise was
9. The Treaty of Westphalia of 1648
A. ended civil wars throughout Europe.
B. gave rulers the right to impose their religion upon their subjects.
C. ended the wars of religion through a policy of tolerance.
D. came close to establishing the power of the Roman Church in England.
10. During the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, the major reason for the high death rate among Native
Americans from disease was
A. lack of immunities.
11. What Old World product became widely popular in Eurasia only once it was cultivated in the New
12. The state that Europeans came to eye like greedy creditors around a rich man’s deathbed was the
13. What was the main motivating factor for European maritime expansion in the sixteenth and early
A. To increase economic opportunity
B. To spread Christian values
C. To seek out new lands for increasing populations
D. To conquer other empires or nations and take away local control
14. In North America, what was the “black gold” of the far north?
A. African slaves.
B. a special kind of gold ore that was only found in those regions.
15. The most important factor in the British conquest of India during the eighteenth century was the
A. superiority of British machine guns.
B. political disunity in India.
C. willingness of the British government to pay for an invasion.
D. addiction of millions of Indians to opium.
16. Which of the following were the most important staple products introduced from the New World into
A. Tobacco, potatoes, and quinine
B. Maize, potatoes, and sweet potatoes
C. Maize, bananas, and rice
D. Wheat, potatoes, and tobacco
17. The French philosopher Voltaire was attracted to Confucianism because he
A. found it full of material he could ridicule in his satirical writings.
B. regarded it as substitute for organized religion.
C. felt that it pointed to an alternative to absolute monarchy.
D. believed it promoted universal access to education.
18. Which of the following European land empires expanded its territory most aggressively in the sixteenth
and early seventeenth centuries?
C. Mughal India
19. What factor led the English to attempt to kill off entire Native American peoples?
A. The Native Americans’ large populations were a direct threat.
B. C. Native Americans provided a good labor source for the Spanish.
D. Native Americans had vast wealth to exploit for tribute.
20. What occurred virtually every time Natives and Europeans came into contact?
A. Large successful settlements were created
B. Deadly diseases were transmitted to Europeans
C. Wars broke out
D. Deadly diseases were transmitted to the NativesThe English relied on black slaves and wanted Native Americans’ land.