- The right of a justice agency to act in regard to a particular subject matter, territory, or person is
A. jurisdiction. C. jurisprudence.
B. interdiction. D. community policing.
2. The earliest form of policing in the South was
A. the Metropolitans. C. slave patrols.
B. constabulary in nature. D. rangers.
3. _______ represent about 17 percent of all law enforcement departments in the United States.
A. Highway patrols
B. County police
C. Municipal police
D. Sheriffs’ departments
4. Which of the following is the most complete DNA database?
A. CODIS C. HUD
B. AFIS D. NCIC
5. The Office of Intelligence and Analysis, the Directorate for National Protection and Programs, and the U.S. Secret Service are all part of the
A. Homeland Security Advisory Council.
B. Department of Justice.
C. Department of Homeland Security.
D. Homeland Security Advisory Division.
6. Which level of policing typically focuses on highway safety?
A. U.S. Marshals C. County law enforcement
B. Local law enforcement D. State law enforcement
7. In the 1970s, a study in Kansas City, Missouri, sought to quantify the effectiveness of patrol. What did the researchers discover?
A. Changes in the frequency of patrol had little impact on crime patterns.
B. Aggressive patrol efforts aimed at “lifestyle” crimes reduced the violent crime rate.
C. Targeting gun crimes would lead to a significant decrease in homicides.
D. Proactive patrolling worked exceptionally well.
8. The theory “that the more arrests made the safer the community will be” is part of the _______ policing style.
A. service C. watchman
B. legalistic D. enforcer
9. Which of the following statements is an accurate criticism of the War on Drugs?
A. Illegal drug use is not a significant cause of crime.
B. Drug use among minorities is much worse than it is for Caucasians.
C. Eighty-five percent of the prison population is made up of drug offenders.
D. Penalties for marijuana use are as extreme as they are for cocaine use.
10. Providing a safe environment for students and staff, responding to calls within the school,
and working with administrators to prevent crime and disorder is the responsibility of the A. community police chief. C. local patrol officer.
B. school resource officer. D. truancy officer.
Examination, Lesson 2 53
11. Which of the following is an approach that sought to improve police-community relations?
A. Project Exile gun experiment
B. Broken windows theory
C. Crackdown by New York City police on “lifestyle” crimes
D. “More officers, less crime” model
12. The idea that police should focus on law enforcement and leave social services and the maintenance of order to others was fostered by
A. August Vollmer. C. Fernando Wood.
B. Robert Peel.
13. The technological and management system that aims to make the police better organized and more effective crime fighters is called
A. community policing. C. FLETC.
B. PEPPAS. D. CompStat.
14. When officers have essentially the same enforcement powers as local police in the
state and can work cases and enforce the law anywhere within the state, we can
say they are following the _______ model of law enforcement.
A. highway C. federal enforcement
B. state police D. universal
15. The Homeland Security Act made the departments of Homeland Security and Justice
A. overseers of FBI activity.
B. employers of federal officers in the U.S. territories.
C. senior to U.S. Customs and Border Protection.
D. the largest employers of federal officers with arrest and firearm authority.
16. The FBI reports that losses from cybercrime each year total nearly _______ per year.
A. $10 million C. $1 billion
B. $100 million D. $10 billion
17. The least common drug of choice in the United States is
A. heroin. C. cocaine.
B. methamphetamine. D. hallucinogens.
54 Examination, Lesson 2
18. The percentage of federal prisoners incarcerated for drug offenses in 2003 was
A. 20 C. 55
B. 21 D. 58
19. Most of a police officer’s time is spent
A. apprehending law violators. C. doing paperwork.
B. keeping the peace. D. responding to nuisance calls.
20. Which of the following statements is false?
A. Random patrols reduce crime.
B. Before 1992, no woman had ever been elected to the position of sheriff.
C. There are no laws governing the private security agency.
D. Only a small percentage of reported crimes require rapid response.