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1. What was the name of the law in which the government gave a 160-acre farm to anyone willing to work on and improve the land?
A. Land Act
B. Homestead Act
C. Western Expansion Act
D. Settler Act
2. What was the name of the proposed law that would ban slavery in all territory won in the Mexican-American War?
A. The Wilmot Proviso
B. The Missouri Compromise
C. The Kansas-Nebraska Act
D. The Mexican Territory Act
3. Which of the following describes a Confederate strategy for winning the Civil War?
A. Using its navy to blockade northern ports
B. Taking the northern rivers that fed into the Mississippi River
C. Gaining the support of Britain and France
D. Gaining the support of Canada
4. Why did Lincoln need a military victory before he could announce the emancipation of slaves in southern states?
A. He didn’t want the Emancipation Proclamation to look like an act of desperation.
B. The South might accept emancipation if it looked like the North could win the war.
C. Union soldiers wouldn’t support emancipation if they didn’t have a winning record.
D. The North didn’t have a single victory up until this point.
5. In terms of political power, African Americans in the South during Reconstruction
A. made great gains by winning political office throughout the North.
B. made great gains by winning political office throughout the South.
C. weren’t allowed to vote and didn’t do well politically.
D. decided not to participate in government because they felt it wouldn’t make a difference.
6. How were the “new” immigrants that arrived in America in the late 1800s different from earlier waves of immigrants?
A. They were Protestants.
B. They tended to be Catholic and Jewish.
C. Most spoke English.
D. Most came with their own money and training.
7. Railroads encouraged the growth of settlements in the West because they
A. paid to remove local Native Americans, making settlement safe.
B. made it easier to move products from the interior of the country to the cities.
C. paid people to settle the Great Plains.
D. allowed police forces to travel quickly.
8. Who wrote the book Uncle Tom’s Cabin, which highlighted the horrors of slave life?
A. Frederick Douglass
B. Harriet Beecher Stowe
C. Harriet Tubman
D. John Calhoun
9. Which amendment to the Constitution ended slavery in the United States?
A. Seventh Amendment
B. Thirteenth Amendment
C. Fifteenth Amendment
D. Twenty-third Amendment

10. During the Constitutional Convention, who pushed for a strong republic but didn’t want to model the American system after the British system?
A. Alexander Hamilton
B. James Madison
C. Patrick Henry
D. Thomas Jefferson

11. Hamilton’s goals for the early United States included
A. encouraging the growth of fur trading and paying off all debts with the cash earned.
B. encouraging the growth of American agriculture and establishing a powerful system of forts.
C. avoiding foreign entanglements and political parties.
D. encouraging the growth of American industry and establishing the nation’s credit worthiness.
12. Which of the following best describes Anglo-Texans’ response to Mexican laws? The settlers
A. kept slaves and refused to convert to Catholicism.
B. kept slaves but agreed to convert to Catholicism.
C. followed all Mexican laws faithfully.
D. didn’t need to follow Mexican laws due to a special agreement.
13. What statement best describes Jefferson’s attitude toward government?
A. He wanted a larger and more powerful government.
B. He believed that a government wasn’t needed to run the United States.
C. He wanted to keep government the same as it was under the Federalists.
D. He wanted a smaller federal government with reduced taxes, military, and
14. Many Americans wanted a new plan of government because the Articles of Confederation was too
A. expensive.
B. hard to understand.
C. strong.
D. weak.
15. Northern lawmakers were hesitant to go to war with Mexico because they feared
A. the southern land gained from Mexico would end up as free states.
B. the southern land gained from Mexico would end up as slave states.
C. that Spain would reconquer a weakened Mexico.
D. the strength of the Mexican army.
16. Which of the following was an argument against slavery?
A. The Southern economy relied on slave labor.
B. Slaves were incapable of taking care of themselves.
C. Freed slaves would take white people’s jobs.
D. It was immoral to enslave another human being.
17. Which movement pushed the idea that an individual could go beyond themselves and listen to their own conscience, not religion, to learn about the truth of the universe?
A. Meditation movement
B. Shaking
C. The Great Awakening
D. Transcendentalism
18. How were northern lawmakers convinced to allow Missouri into the union as a slave state under the Missouri Compromise?
A. Slaves were now taxed as four-fifths of a person.
B. The Florida territory was also added to the United States.
C. Ohio was added to the United States as a free state.
D. Maine was added to the United States as a free state.
19. Which of the following was a cause of Americans moving west in the early to mid-1800s?
A. Payment by the Spanish to settle in western areas
B. The War of 1812
C. Availability of new land for farming
D. Vengeful Native Americans
20. Samuel Slater was important to the industrialization of America because he
A. used his knowledge to build the nation’s first water-powered textile mill.
B. designed the first water wheel.
C. invented the steam engine.
D. had the financial capital to build many factories in the North.