A military leader who argues against the latest war against Iraq because he feels intervention is not necessary to achieve U.S. goals and will be ineffective against the “War on Terrorism” may be largely influenced by
the policy of Isolationism.
the policy of Détente.
the theory of “mutually assured destruction.”
the Cold War.
the “Vietnam Syndrome.”
Issue networks are involved in which aspects of the policymaking process?
Issue formation, issue recognition and issue review.
Program development and policy implementation
Policy implementation and agenda setting
Agenda setting only Program development, policy implementation, and agenda setting
The theory that budget deficits are only a short-term concern which may be addressed in more prosperous economic years is the theory of
crucial demand theory.
non-aggressive market manipulation.
Presidents often complain that the Department of State
acts rashly, without proper planning and consideration.
is too closely tied to the Department of Defense.
usurps presidential prerogatives.
is a slow and unwieldy policymaking body.
is more closely aligned with Congress than the President.
One general conclusion that can be drawn from this chapter is that
political power is centralized in elected government officials.
most of the lobbying and interest peddling that goes on in Washington accomplishes very little.
policymaking is now done by private sector individuals and organizations as well as by government officials.
the rapid growth in government that followed World War II has halted. most of the power of policymaking does not lie with government.
Some critics of the War Powers Resolution argue that it has
given the president the formal power to engage in a limited-term undeclared war, a power he did not have previously.
turned the Speaker of the House and president pro tem of the Senate into military strategists.
made it impossible for the president to protect American troops abroad.
made it impossible for the president to respond to military threats. limited ability to prevent Congress from assuming war power.
The glue that binds both friends and foes in an issue network is
common social background and political contacts.
their knowledge, expertise, and interest in a particular policy area. hardware and software compatibility.
If a school district, in response to desegregation, attempted to withdraw bus service from all but a very few bus stops in predominantly white sections of town, which entity was largely responsible for preventing such a practice?
Federal District Courts
The Federal Department of Education
The goal of the Nixon doctrine was to
intervene overseas only where intervention would make a real difference.
fight communist aggression anywhere.
destroy the Democratic headquarters at the Watergate building.
end the welfare system.
engage in military operations only against Soviet satellite nations.
Disagreements about public policies refer to all of the following elements except
the behavior of the individuals involved in formulating policy solutions.
the goals government should have.
how the situation at hand should be perceived.
the means government should use to meet its goals.
Whatever form they take, all public policies have which of the following in common?
They are the means by which government pursues particular goals in a certain situation.
They all benefit the larger public, rather than special interest groups. They are always effective at meeting their stated objective.
All of the above are correct answers.
None of the above are correct answers.
The phrase uncontrollable outlays refers to the fact that
much of the budget is already committed by past contracts and agreements and cannot be altered by elected officials.
Congress and the president seldom agree on a budget.
politicians lack the courage to make budget cuts.
the amount of time spent in hearings and debates on the federal budget increases every year.
spending is automatic if no budget agreement is reached.
In providing social services, nonprofits
must not deviate from government regulations in any way.
dominate the policymaking process.
tend to be austere and limited.
allow the government to provide more social services than it could if it had to provide them directly.
prevent government from providing some services to people because of resentment that the government is larger and better funded.
Since the 1960s, many black inner-city neighborhoods have become poorer because
social welfare programs are primarily aimed at suburban and rural areas.
a new wave of Jim Crow laws has reduced black economic opportunity.
a decline of racial barriers has allowed the black middle class to move out of the city, leaving the extremely poor behind.
racial prejudice is clearly on the rise.
those neighborhoods were very poor to begin with.
It may be in the best interest of the United States to provide aid to poorer nations because
great disparities in wealth may lead to political instability.
great disparities in wealth are inherently unjust.
poor citizens in the United States identify with poor people around the world, and vote for representatives who support aid policies.
the United States is expected to do this, and will be expelled from the U.N. if it does not.
those new markets will help the U.S. economy.
The key effect of the Marshall Plan
saved Korea from Chinese invasion.
resulted in Soviet withdrawal of troops from the South Pacific.
made European countries better able economically to resist Soviet interference.
prevented Japan from engaging in foreign trade.
weakened Soviet abilities to develop nuclear weapons.
The U.S. economy is influenced by
individual investors, consumers, and businesspeople.
the Council of Economic Advisers and the Federal Reserve Board.
all of these.
none of these.
How much of the federal budget can be classified as uncontrollable or relatively uncontrollable?
About 25 percent
About 66 percent
How might one characterize U.S. foreign policy toward Europe for most of the nineteenth century?
In a challenge to the Civil Rights Act before the Supreme Court, the court based its decision upholding the act on which constitutional principle?
Congress’ power to regulate interstate commerce
The Fifth Amendment’s equal protection clause
The Thirteenth Amendment’s protection against slavery
The federal government’s duty to ensure domestic tranquility
The Bill of Rights