1. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), AIDS is listed as the _______ main cause of global deaths. A. second B. fourth C. third D. eighth
2. Mensa Musa was the famed emperor of A. Mali. B. Songhai. C. Ghana. D. Fulani.
3. As of 2008, the population of Australia was 21.3 million, and the population of New Zealand was closer to ________ million. A. 4 B. 8 C. 12 D. 10
4. In sub-Saharan Africa, female genital mutilation is A. uncommon in Nigeria. B. rare in Mali. C. unheard of in Central Africa and Namibia. D. most common in northern countries of the region.
5. In Australia, most cattle ranching is found in A. South Australia. B. Victoria. C. New South Wales. D. Queensland.
6. A major objective of the South Pacific Forum founded in 1971 was A. reconciling diverse cultural heritages. B. expanding the copra trade. C. identifying and resolving human rights concerns in the region. D. stopping French nuclear testing in the region.
7. At independence, the most prosperous country of former French Western Africa was A. Senegal. B. Côte d’Ivoire. C. Chad. D. Benin.
8. Moving from coastal to interior regions of sub-Saharan Africa, we discover that the dominant physicalgeographic feature is A. many coastal inlets. B. lush rainforest. C. ascending plateaus. D. mountainous terrain.
9. Which of the following is true of the Antarctic Treaty System? A. It was established specifically to enforce ecological regulations. B. It provides the de facto governance of the continent. C. It’s actually the Society for the Geographic Exploration of Antarctica. D. It bans commercial mining in Antarctica.
10. With respect to global connections, association with _______ offers the brightest immediate future for many African countries. A. India B. the United States. C. China D. the European Union.
11. Which statement best characterizes animism? A. It’s a religion that maintains the futility of human existence. B. It’s the basis of social status within a tribe. C. It combines natural, human, and spiritual forces. D. It’s composed of irrational superstitions that arise in underdeveloped rural communities.
12. During the Cold War, the United States supported the military dictatorship in A. Mozambique. B. Angola. C. Ethiopia. D. Democratic Republic of Congo.
13. The natural vegetation regions of sub-Saharan Africa A. don’t correspond closely to climatic regions. B. are heavily impacted by human activity. C. are all characteristic of equatorial latitudes. D. only correspond to climatic conditions in areas of West Africa.
14. Sudan is omitted from inclusion in the sub-Saharan region because it A. contains most of the evidence of humanity’s African origins. B. is politically distinct from other regional countries. C. doesn’t border the Sahara Desert. D. is linked to Egypt by the Nile.
15. In the context of European colonization, Portugal controlled Mozambique and A. Angola. B. Congo. C. Kenya. D. Madagascar.
16. Tourism is the _______ industry in the world. A. third-largest B. second-largest C. fourth-largest D. largest
17. Which South African city is a regional hub of commerce and has South Africa’s premier international airport? A. Durban B. Pretoria C. Cape Town D. Johannesburg
18. Slum areas called shantytowns occur in _________ major African cities, housing over _________ percent of urban populations. A. some; 40 B. five major; 50 C. nearly all; 60 D. all; 70
19. The lowlands west of Australia’s eastern mountain range are drained by the Murray-Darling River system, with its main headwaters in the Great _______ Basin. A. Barrier B. Artesian End of exam C. Dividing D. Darling
20. The Great _______ Range, running just inland along Australia’s eastern coast, is that continent’s only significant mountain chain. A. Eastern B. Dividing C. Barrier D. Australian