The major exports produced by Latin America included:
A. tea and ginseng from Venezuela.
B. bananas and cinchona from Brazil.
C. fish and oil from Chile.
D. beef and wheat from Argentina.
Among the major illusions held by civilians and military leaders early in World War I was:
A. the belief that it would never be over.
B. that the Americans would enter the war in order to insure a quick victory.
C. the belief of most military leaders that the use of still larger numbers of troops would allow them to get their troops beyond the enemy trenches and gain a quick victory.
D. poison gas would end the war by Christmas.
The British government:
A. sharply limited free speech when it implemented the Defense of the Realm Act.
B. opposed the use of poison gas under any and all circumstances.
C. developed a program that employed over 1.3 million children, even in positions formerly beyond their previously presumed “capacity.”
D. brought William Gladstone back as Prime Minister when Lloyd George was defeated.
Tsar Nicholas II abdicated his throne as a result of strikes that broke out:
A. in Moscow in late 1918.
B. after working class women staged a massive food march in Petrograd.
C. in Warsaw after the 1916 crop failure.
D. after the Memorial Day Massacre of steel workers.
Lenin’s new secret police were known as the:
The British prime minister who had won a decisive electoral victory on a platform committed to making the Germans pay for the war was:
A. Georges Clemenceau.
B. David Lloyd George.
C. Neville Chamberlain.
D. Arthur Balfour.
Which of the following was NOT a penalty imposed on Germany in the Versailles Treaty?
A. The transfer of Bavaria to France as a reparations payment
B. A reduction in its army to 100,000 men
C. A reduction in its navy
D. The demilitarization of all lands along the Rhine
The postwar diplomacy of the 1920s:
A. was epitomized by the active role the United States played in making sure that European policies were sensible and restrained.
B. showed that the “lessons” of the Great War, especially the need for true justice in international affairs, had been thoroughly learned, as in the case of the awarding of mandates in Iraq and Syria to the United States.
C. was superficial, as reflected by the overly optimistic response to the Locarno Treaty and other diplomatic agreements but which failed to deal the issue of military disarmament.
D. was unusual in that there was no important international friction during the decade.
The Weimar Republic:
A. was highly successful in fighting the effects of the Great Depression.
B. faced great economic challenges such as runaway inflation and later the Great Depression.
C. had very capable, charismatic leadership in the years before Hitler ruled Germany.
D. enjoyed universal support throughout Germany.
Leading exponents and practitioners of Dadaism and Surrealism, respectively, were:
A. Ernst Weiler and Pablo Casals.
B. Hannah Höch and Salvador Dali.
C. Heinrich Tzara and Sigismund Harolde.
D. Elie Haas and Edmund Blackadder.
A. all began as traditionalist, religiously based movements.
B. were called “tongs” in China.
C. were usually led by people with extensive knowledge of Western ideas and values.
D. did not begin in Southeast Asia until the 1930s.
Which one of the following is correctly paired?
B. Dhoti—simple garment of coarse home-spun cotton
C. New Party—Muslim League
Most of the early Iranian oil profits went into the hands of:
A. the Standard Oil Company.
B. the Shah.
C. French investors.
D. British investors.
After World War I:
A. Yemen was the dominant state on the Arabian peninsula.
B. Ibn Saud established the kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
C. Standard Oil found oil at Tehran.
D. Aramco created an American monopoly of Turkish oil extraction in 1937.
A. the fascistic PRI seized power in 1926.
B. a thirty year search for commercially successful oil fields ended in failure in 1935.
C. the Cárdenas government nationalized the foreign oil companies’ holdings and provided millions of acres of land to landless peasants.
D. Diego Rivera invented the transistor in 1936.
The so called “May Fourth Movement” was:
A. a reaction by Chinese business leaders to the policies of Yuan Shikai.
B. the effort on the part of Sun Yat sen to gain control of the Peking government.
C. demonstrations by Chinese students and others in opposition to the Japanese being awarded Germany’s sphere of influence in Shandong province.
D. an effort by peasants to show support for the radical reform program of Yuan Shikai.
Chiang’s “New Life Movement” was an effort to:
A. eradicate Confucianism from China.
B. blend Confucianism and Islam with Western capitalism.
C. use Daoism to strengthen his government.
D. promote Confucian social ethics, while simultaneously rejecting Western capitalist values of excessive greed and individualism.
By the 1920s and 1930s, Japan:
A. became less industrialized and steadily more conservative.
B. joined the United Nations as a result of the leadership of foreign minister Shidehara.
C. did not experience growing Marxist influence on organized labor.
D. was increasingly influenced by Marxists on the left and radical nationalism on the right.
On June 28, 1914, the Archduke Francis Ferdinand, heir to the Austrian throne, was assassinated in the Bosnian city of:
In the Middle East during the interwar period:
A. a massive oil discovery at Dhahran in 1938 moved Saudi Arabia from being an area of chronic poverty to one of unexpected national affluence.
B. the achievement of the “Nile breakthrough” in electricity generation opened the possibility of almost cost free electric power to much of the entire Middle East.
C. the award of a mandate to the World Zionist Congress by the League of Nations constituted the first step in creating a Jewish state in the eastern Mediterranean.
D. the Balfour Declaration was made null and void.