Multiple Choice Answers

Question 1
The Progressive constitution adopted by the Japanese in 1890, with authority placed in the executive branch of the government, was modeled on the government of:
A. China.
B. Germany.
C. Great Britain.
D. Russia.
Question 2
The Opium War:
A. finally forced China to cease selling opium in India and Singapore.
B. was ended by the Treaty of Taiwan.
C. gave Britain control of Hong Kong.
D. ended with a British defeat.

Question 3
Which of the following was NOT a feature of the Treaty of Nanjing?
A. Hong Kong was transferred to British control.
B. The British agreed to stop exporting opium to China.
C. The British obtained the right to begin trading in five Chinese ports.
D. All British citizens in China were granted extraterritorial rights.

Question 4
Hong Xiuquan:
A. was the Christian leader of the Taiping Rebellion.
B. was a retired houseboy who became emperor in 1855.
C. was angered by government expenditures to widen and deepen the Grand Canal.
D. supported the Qing during the Taiping Rebellion.

Question 5
Which of the following was NOT true about the loss of Qing control over its empire in the late nineteenth century?
A. Japan defeated China in a war over Korea in the 1890s.
B. The Russians transferred territories north of the Amur River in Siberia to China.
C. The Tibetans revived their local autonomy.
D. The British and the French removed Burma and Vietnam from their traditional relationship to the Manchu court.

Question 6
In 1894, the Qing went to war with Japan over:
A. Tibet.
B. Korea.
C. Vietnam.
D. Laos.

Question 7
A new round of Western territorial demands in China was sparked by the successful 1897 German acquisition of much of the:
A. island of Sri Lanka.
B. Shandong Peninsula.
C. Liaodong Peninsula.
D. Korean Peninsula.

Question 8
The Meiji Restoration:
A. was a true revolution, in which the existing ruling class was replaced by a new ruling class.
B. was similar to the French Revolution because of the considerable violence involved.
C. granted women full equality with men.
D. was in many ways a revolution from above.
Question 9
In the years after the Boxer Rebellion the:
A. Manchu leader, Sun Yat sen, abdicated.
B. Manchus resorted to reactionary repression throughout China.
C. Manchus refused to institute even limited reforms.
D. slow pace of reform served to intensify revolutionary fervor among the new reformist elite.

Question 10
The medical doctor who formed the Revive China Society was:
A. Cixi.
B. Kang Youwei.
C. Sun Yat sen.
D. Chiang Kai shek.

Question 11
China’s “last emperor” was:
A. Mao Zedong.
B. Guangxu.
C. Kuang Hsu.
D. Puyi.

Question 12
The Chinese revolution of 1911:
A. was the first successful Marxist revolution in history.
B. left a power vacuum in the country due to the collapse of the Manchu Dynasty.
C. was the event that gave reformers the power they needed to immediately establish democracy.
D. was seen by the West as their greatest achievement.

Question 13
All of the following are correct about China at the end of the nineteenth century EXCEPT:
A. industrial production was on the rise, although it was still based largely on traditional methods.
B. the transportation system was chaotic.
C. the rapidly increasing population resulted in smaller plots of land for the peasants.
D. the Qing had finally succeeded in uniting all Chinese behind the regime.

Question 14
The Japanese opening to the West resulted from:
A. the naval expeditions of Commodore Perry.
B. the diplomatic efforts of Lord Amherst.
C. the aftermath of the Plague of 1853.
D. the vote of a two thirds majority in the Diet.

Question 15
All of the following were true about the “Sat Cho” alliance EXCEPT that it:
A. was militarily “punished” for firing on foreign shipping.
B. was, at first, against the Japanese opening to the West.
C. produced a rebellion that ended the shogunate and brought about the Meiji Restoration.
D. never accepted the fact that Japan had to begin to modernize in order to survive.

Question 16
The capital under the Meiji Restoration was moved from:
A. Kyoto to Sapporo.
B. Osaka to Shimonoseki.
C. Tokyo to Nagasaki.
D. Kyoto to Tokyo.

Question 17
The Manchu Dynasty did NOT fall because of:
A. discreet Japanese economic pressure.
B. pressures placed upon it by Western imperialism.
C. its growing inability to control Chinese society.
D. constant Chinese population growth.

Question 18
Which of the following was NOT a result of the social policies of the Meiji restoration?
A. Many peasants lost their land titles.
B. Military conscription and universal education were instituted.
C. Western practices became very popular.
D. Universal democracy was adopted.

Question 19
In the Treaty of Shimonoseki, the Japanese obtained all EXCEPT:
A. Taiwan.
B. the Liaodong Peninsula.
C. Port Arthur.
D. greater international prestige.

Question 20
As a result of German acquisition of the Shandong Peninsula, all of the following occurred EXCEPT:
A. Russia was able to acquire Port Arthur.
B. the Chinese government initiated new reforms, at the request of Kang Youwei.
C. the United States pursued an Open Door policy in China.
D. it was obvious that the dismemberment of China was impossible.