# Multiple Choice Answers

A student was interested in the cigarette smoking habits of college students and collected data from an unbiased random sample of students. The data is summarized in the following table:
Males Surveyed 50 Females Surveyed 75
Males Who Smoke 20 Females Who Smoke 25
Males Who Do Not Smoke 30 Females Who Do Not Smoke 50
Why is the table NOT a frequency distribution?
A. The number of males does not equal the sum of males that smoke and do not smoke.
B. The classes are not mutually exclusive.
C. There are too many classes.
D. Class limits cannot be computed.

Question 2
The main purpose of descriptive statistics is to:
A. data in a useful and informative manner.
B. make inferences about a population.
C. determine if the data adequately represents the population.
D. gather or collect data.

Question 3
A poll of 1,000 voters used to predict the outcome of a statewide election is an example of:
A. descriptive statistics.
B. continuous variable measurement.
C. statistical inference.
D. deductive statistics.

Question 4
The number of fishing boats shipped from a manufacturer to a dealer each month is described as a:
A. random variable.
B. qualitative variable.
C. discrete variable.
D. continuous variable.
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Question 5
The kinds of numbers that can take on any value, either a fraction or integer, between specified limits are called:
A. random variables.
B. qualitative variables.
C. discrete variables.
D. continuous variables.

Question 6
Which of the following is an example of a qualitative variable?
A. Number of children in a family
B. Weight of a person
C. Color of ink in a pen
D. Miles between oil changes

Question 7
Data obtained on the preferences of different religious groups for specific types of network television programming is an example of:
A. random variables.
B. qualitative variables.
C. discrete variables.
D. continuous variables.

Question 8
__________ level data are mutually exclusive and exhaustive, and categories are scaled according to the amount of the characteristic they possess, and zero represents a point on the scale.
A. Nominal
B. Ordinal
C. Interval
D. Ratio

Question 9
A bank asks customers to evaluate the drive-through service as good, average, or poor. Which level of measurement does this classification illustrate?
A. Nominal
B. Ordinal
C. Interval
D. Ratio

Question 10
Information can be misrepresented:
A. through misleading charts and graphs.
B. by reporting of an association of variables as causation.
C. by presenting average data that misrepresents sample or population data.
D. All of the above

Question 11
The first procedure we use to describe a data set is:
A. differentiation.
B. classification.
C. data correlation.
D. frequency distribution.

Question 12
The number of observations in each class is called the:
A. data set
B. class size
C. class frequency
D. class interval

Question 13
Which of the following is not a step used to organize data into a frequency distribution?
A. decide on the number of classes.
B. determine the class interval.
C. prepare the raw data.
D. set the individual class limits.