Multiple Choice Answers

If you adopt the _______ perspective, you’ll reject an emphasis on what goes on in people’s minds in favor of focusing on measurable behaviors that can be objectively measured.
A. cognitive
B. behavioral
C. neuroscience
D. psychodynamic

Among his oil-field buddies, Conrad was known as a cheerfully profane hard drinker who was seldom averse to a barroom scrap. But, after he suffered a head injury in a car accident he returned to work as a docile, timid man who could no longer deal with the violent activity of a drill rig platform. His physicians determined that damage to his __________ was the likely cause of his changed behavior.
A. amygdala
B. hippocampus
C. cerebellum
D. thalamus
I study a sample of 100 high school students and find that student IQ scores increase significantly as the level of reported parental income increases. I can conclude from this that
A. students get smarter when their parents earn more money.
B. there’s a negative relationship between parental income and children’s IQ scores.
C. there’s a positive correlation between parental income and children’s IQ scores.
D. higher parental income causes an increase in children’s IQ scores.
Lorraine and Albert are discussing neurotransmitters, getting ready for an exam. Lorraine maintains that neuronal dendrites sort excitatory and inhibitory messages through a process of elimination dictated by reuptake activity. Albert, on the other hand, argues that inhibitory messages always cancel out excitatory messages. Who is correct?
A. Lorraine is correct.
B. Both Lorraine and Albert are correct.
C. Albert is correct.
D. Neither Lorraine nor Albert is correct.

In the ear, the basilar membrane and hair cells are found in the

A. oval window.
B. anvil and stirrup.
C. cochlea.
D. auditory nerve.

Dr. Jones is interested in how human behavior may be genetically inherited from remote ancestors, such as chimpanzees. Her field of interest is
A. behavioral genetics.
B. clinical neuropsychology.
C. chemical psychobiology.
D. evolutionary psychology.
Which of the following statements regarding depth perception is true?
A. The change in position of an object relative to the retina is a binocular cue.
B. Experience teaches us to perceive relative size as an indicator of the color of an object.
C. Texture gradient is a monocular cue.
D. Motion parallax is detected because we perceive binocular disparity.
By means of introspection, Dr. Marsh attempts to determine the components of things like perception, thinking, and consciousness. By contrast, Dr. Smyth wants to understand what the mind does in producing different kinds of behavior. We can reasonably assume that Dr. Marsh’s research is mainly guided by the principles of
A. objectivism.
B. Gestalt psychology.
C. functionalism.
D. structuralism.

In a neuron, the myelin sheath serves to insulate
A. the axon.
B. dendrites.
C. the cell body.
D. terminal buttons.

You could locate receptor sites involved in transmitting a nerve impulse by finding the
A. endorphins.
B. myelin.
C. synapse.
D. neural regulators.
Rods are to light intensity as cones are to
A. color perception.
B. the retina.
C. the iris.
D. the optic nerve.

The left hemisphere of the cerebral cortex is more specialized in language functions and processing information sequentially. The right hemisphere tends to specialize in spatial perception and distinguishing patterns. These are examples of cortex
A. neuroplasticity.
B. evolution.
C. lateralization.
D. adaptation.
Which of these statements most accurately characterizes linear perspective?
A. We learn to compensate for the monocular disparity between the retinal images of the left and right eye.
B. As we view a landscape, the relative sizes of objects are revealed by texture gradient cues.
C. Having learned that distant objects tend to be closer together, we interpret a two-dimensional image on the retina in three dimensions.
D. Through experience, we determine that changes in images focused on the retina occur as a result of the motion of our bodies.
You’ll need to select a sample that represents a larger group when you’re conducting
A. archival research.
B. survey research.
C. a case study.
D. naturalistic observation.

Under Weber’s law, we’ll notice a stimulus difference such that it will be a constant proportion of the intensity of the initial stimulus. Thus, for weight, we’ll notice a one-ounce difference in a weight of 50 ounces. Weber’s law applies most directly to the concept of
A. sensory adaptation.
B. absolute threshold.
C. difference threshold.
D. perceived stimulus