Multiple Choice Answers

1. To narrow a general topic you’ve selected, which pair of techniques is most likely to be effective?
A. Branching diagram and questioning
B. Freewriting and questioning
C. Using a branching diagram and consulting your journal
D. Questioning and choosing an issue that interests you
2. Karen asserts that a thesis statement is best developed as part of the prewriting process. Kyle claims that a thesis statement should be completely developed before the writer is sure of the topic. Who is correct?
A. Neither Karen nor Kyle is correct.
B. Only Karen is correct.
C. Both Karen and Kyle are correct.
D. Only Kyle is correct.
3. The principles for supplying evidence in support of a thesis could be represented
by an acronym: RSVSRA. According to the information in your text, the two “Rs”
could stand for
A. representative and revealing.
B. revealing and relevant.
C. respectful and revealing.
D. relevant and representative.
4. Which of the following is not a good suggestion for writing an introductory paragraph?
A. Cite a surprising fact or statistic.
B. Never asks questions.
C. Use a quotation to help illustrate your thesis.
D. Describe a hypothetical situation.
7. When you write your ideas quickly and don’t worry about punctuation, what writing strategy are you using?
A. Freewriting
B. Mapping
C. Styling.
D. Narrowing
8. Which of the following methods is used to narrow a broad essay topic?
A. Polling classmates
B. Brainstorming
C. Branching and questioning
D. Wikipedia
9. Suppose you’re writing an essay about the process of changing a tire on your car. Which of the following is the best example of evidence to support your thesis?
A. Sometimes a flat tire is just a tire that has run over a nail.
B. The first tires were bands of iron that were fitted by wheelwrights onto the rims of wooden cart and wagon wheels.
C. The first rubber tires appeared in the mid-1800s.
D. Remove the hub cap and loosen the nuts by turning counterclockwise.
10. Leila says that a thesis statement is like a promise to a reader. Lucas says a thesis statement expresses the writer’s point of view. Who is correct?
A. Only Leila is correct.
B. Both Leila and Lucas are correct.
C. Only Lucas is correct.
D. Neither Leila nor Lucas is correct.
11. Please read the following excerpt from an essay, and answer the question that follows. In the passage, the sentences are numbered to help you respond to the question.
(1) Biologically, adolescence is marked by hormonal changes that produce secondary sexual characteristics.
(2) These include breast development in females and beard growth in males. (3) Psychologically, however, adolescence is a concept that applies only to modern industrial societies. (4) In fact, in most preliterate or tribal societies, the modern American idea of adolescence simply does not exist. (5) In such societies, the social roles of adulthood are to be learned during childhood. (6) Then, around the time of biological
puberty, a child becomes an adult through a ritual anthropologists call a rite of passage. (7) By contrast, in American society, adolescence amounts to a sort of social and cultural limbo. (8) Informally, the end of childhood is often marked by one’s thirteenth birthday. The child is now a “teenager.” (9) More formally, the end of adolescence is marked by legal strictures that vary irrationally. (10) In a given state the age of sexual consent may be 16 for girls and 18 for boys. (11) An 18-year-old may vote or enlist to die for his
country, but, until he reaches age 21, he may not legally purchase alcoholic beverages.
In the paragraph, the thesis is best suggested
A. in sentences 3 and 4.
B. through an implied topic sentence.
C. by what the reader decides about the actual nature of adolescence.
D. in sentences 1 and 3.
12. One of the nine ways, or patterns, of developing an essay is
A. process.
B. disputation.
C. elaboration.
D. editing.
13. If you’re creating an opening paragraph and you present supporting details in the beginning, where in the paragraph is your topic sentence, most likely?
A. In the next paragraph
B. In the first sentence
C. At the end of the paragraph
D. In the second sentence
14. When using pronouns such as you, your, and yours, you’re writing in which point of view?
A. Third-person
B. Compound-person
C. Second-person
D. First-person
15. Please read the following excerpt from an essay, and answer the question that follows.
I’ve never actually met a real live humorist. Well, not in person at any rate. However, one summer, having a lot of time on my hands, I discovered unexpected treasures lurking in the local public library. Among the nuggets I unearthed in those musty stacks was a book by humorist Robert Benchley. To this day I remember one of his quips. He wrote, “There are two kinds of people in this world; those who divide the world into two kinds of people and those who don’t.” After laughing out loud, I became pensive. I
wondered why the quip was so funny. A year or so later, I formed a theory. Humor is based on the unexpected.(br)In the passage above, the topic sentence and the thesis are one and the same.
What makes the last sentence effective as a thesis statement?
A. Assertion
B. Humor
C. Specific detail
D. Simplicity
16. Which of the following is a strong introductory sentence?
A. I don’t agree with any open-carry laws.
B. This essay will explain the open-carry laws in the United States.
C. Should each of the United States allow citizens to openly carry a weapon?
D. To carry or to not carry, that is the question.
18. What type of expression would you use in an essay if you wanted to connect a new sentence to one
that precedes it?
A. Expressive
B. Tracking
C. Effective
D. Transitional
19. Terri and Jose are preparing outlines. In preparing an informal outline, Terri will use key words and phrases to list her main points. In preparing a formal outline, Jose will use capital letters and Roman numerals to list the important points. Who is using the correct outline for the purpose?
A. Only Terri
B. Neither Terri nor Jose
C. Both Terri and Jose
D. Only Jose
20. The usual point of view when writing a formal academic essay is
A. second person.
B. subjective.
C. personal.
D. third person.
21. When you write, the tone, vocabulary, and type of information you choose should vary depending on your
A. biases.
B. values.
C. education.
D. audience.
22. Please read the following excerpt from an essay, and answer the question that follows.
After Sean was arrested for breaking into a pawnshop, I began to wonder. Why did some kids from my
neighborhood end up in trouble while most of us didn’t? I started out with a question: What causes young people to make bad choices? Now, after two years of research, I’ve arrived at the conclusion that there is no simple answer. There is no one reason why good kids go bad, but there are typical reasons.
According to my research, teenagers are most likely to get into trouble if they hang out with a bad crowd.
That’s because people learn their values from the people they associate with. So a very big reason for bad behavior is imitating one’s peers. But there are other important factors as well. Kids who get in trouble are often school dropouts. Also, kids being raised by a single mother are more likely to get in trouble than kids raised in an intact family. Substance abuse also plays a role, especially when it comes to alcohol and legal
or illegal drugs.
What method of organization is used by the writer?
A. Most-to-least
B. Spatial
C. Least-to-most
D. Chronological
23. Most-to-least, spatial, and chronological are all
A. thesis statement order.
B. critical reading techniques.
C. methods of organization.
D. pattern of development.
24. What is the dominant pattern of development in this passage?
Having been raised on a dairy farm in rural Minnesota, Lorie Ann Kline was having trouble adjusting to life in the city and to Central High School. In a conference with her parents, the school guidance counselor explained that Lorie Ann avoided talking to her fellow students and sat by herself in the lunchroom.
Perhaps most disturbing, her grades were not what one would expect given her high scholastic aptitude scores. Mrs. Kline agreed that Lorie Ann was often shy around strangers. A solemn Mr. Kline explained that his daughter had been severely bullied by two older children who had lived at the farm for a short time.
The guidance counselor nodded in understanding.
A. Comparison and contrast
B. Description
C. Process
D. Narration
26. Your topic is courtesy, and you’re writing from the point of view of a caring mentor. Which of the following sentences is most persuasive for an audience of high school graduates from a working-class neighborhood?
A. Courtesy yields profits to the impecunious as well as to the wealthy.
B. Remember that you can catch more flies with honey than with vinegar.
C. Courtesy is the oil that lubricates the machinery of discourse.
D. Courtesy to others shows self-respect as much as it does respect for others.
27. What type of information do you need to support your thesis statement?
A. Reports
B. Back-up
C. Theory
D. Evidence
28. Please read the following excerpt from an essay, and answer the question that follows.
I’ve never actually met a real live humorist. Well, not in person at any rate. However, one summer, having a lot of time on my hands, I discovered unexpected treasures lurking in the local public library. Among the nuggets I unearthed in those musty stacks was a book by humorist Robert Benchley. To this day I remember one of his quips. He wrote, “There are two kinds of people in this world; those who divide the world into two kinds of people and those who don’t.” After laughing out loud, I became pensive. I wondered why the quip was so funny. A year or so later, I formed a theory. Humor is based on the
unexpected.(br)In the passage above, the topic sentence and the thesis are one and the same.
In the paragraph about Robert Benchley, what types of evidence does the writer use to support his thesis, other than narration?
A. Classification
B. Comparison and contrast
C. Example
D. Historical background
29. Which of the following titles is made more effective by alliteration?
A. Ruby, the Rose of Roslyn
B. Now You See It; Now You Don’t
C. What’s in a Name?
D. Guns: Our Lethal Heritage