Multiple Choice Answers

Question 1
What are the two main characteristics of survey research?
Question 1 options:
statistical analysis and large random samples
self-report measures and face-to-face interviews
face-to-face interviews and statistical analysis
large random samples and self-report measures
Question 2
A survey researcher randomly samples 500 white Americans and 500 black Americans. Which approach has the researcher used?
Question 2 options:
stratified random sampling
cluster sampling
nonprobability sampling
simple random sampling
Question 3
What is the best way to address the problem of nonresponse bias?
Question 3 options:
ignore the nonresponders when analyzing the data
force everyone to respond
do everything possible to maximize response rates
write unbiased questionnaire items
Question 4
The BRUSO model is a model of which of the following?
Question 4 options:
how people respond to survey questionnaire items
the process of administering a survey
producing good survey questionnaire items
all of the above
Question 5
What is the defining feature of nonexperimental research?
Question 5 options:
It is about personality and individual differences.
It lacks the manipulation of an independent variable, random assignment, or both.
It involves only one variable.
It has high external validity.
Question 6
Which of the following is most likely to be studied using a correlational study?
Question 6 options:
the effect of study strategy on recall
the effect of traumatic childhood experiences on adult depression
the effect of noise level on mental concentration
the effect of wearing glasses on how attractive people are perceived to be
Question 7
Which of the following is the defining feature of correlational research?
Question 7 options:
An independent variable is manipulated while extraneous variables are controlled.
One variable is measured and described.
Research participants are interviewed in depth about their experiences.
Two variables are measured and the relationship between them is assessed.
Question 8
A quasi-experiment includes which of the following?
Question 8 options:
random sampling of participants
random assignment of participants to conditions
the manipulation of an independent variable
none of the above
Question 9
A new anti-drug program is instituted at one elementary school. Then the attitudes of the students toward drugs are compared to the attitudes of students at a similar elementary school without the program. What kind of research design is this?
Question 9 options:
a within-subjects experiment
a pretest-posttest design
a correlational study
a nonequivalent groups design
Question 10
Which of the following references is formatted in the best APA style?
Question 10 options:
Williams, J. Sherman (2008). Effects of sleep deprivation on exam performance. Journal of Psychology and Education, 14, 332-335.
Williams, John S. (2008). Effects of sleep deprivation on exam performance. Journal of Psychology and Education, 14, 332-335.
Williams, J. S. (2008). Effects of Sleep Deprivation on Exam Performance. Journal of Psychology and Education, 14, pp. 332-335.
Williams, J. S. (2008). Effects of sleep deprivation on exam performance. Journal of Psychology and Education, 14, 332-335.
Question 11 Saved
The literature review of an APA style introduction section should do which of the following?
Question 11 options:
cite and discuss the three most important studies on the current topic
provide an exhaustive list of all research conducted on the current topic
make an argument for why the current research question is worth addressing
discuss only new research that has been published in the past five years
Question 12
In Milgram’s famous study, who was the confederate?
Question 12 options:
the person being shocked
the experimenter
the person doing the shocking
all of the above
Question 13
Question 13 Unsaved
Which of the following occurred in the infamous Tuskegee syphilis study?
Question 13 options:
Research participants were told they had syphilis even though they did not to see how they would react.
Research participants were given experimental treatments for syphilis.
Research participants were denied treatment for their syphilis.
Research participants were injected with syphilis bacteria.
Question 14
The principle of informed consent requires which of the following?
Question 14 options:
Participants read and sign an informed consent form.
Researchers tell participants about their hypotheses before the study begins.
Participants must have a minimum of seven days to think about whether or not they will participate.
Participants are told everything that might be expected to affect their decision to participate.
Question 15
Research on the effectiveness of normal educational activities would generally be categorized as which of the following?
Exempt
Minimal risk
At risk
None of the above