Expert Answers

1. Using explanation or examples outline Kohlberg’s ideas about moral development. Explain how carol Gilligan’s ideas about moral development differ from those of Kohlberg.

2. Describe dissociative disorders in general and several specific disorders of this kind by way of illustration. Contrast dissociative disorders with somatoform disorders, briefly explaining two such disorders.

1. With respect to aging, differentiate disengagement theory and activity theory.

2. In the context of operant conditioning, what is shaping?

3. How was factor analysis used to create Hans Eysenck’s trait theory of personality?

4. Briefly, in terms of human behavior, how would you define or explain latent learning?

5. What is the opposite of a background stressor?

6. What kind of drug is rohypnol, and why is called the “date rape drug “?

7. What is the reticular formation? Where is it located, and why is it important?

8. Discuss memory traces and their role in decay.

9. When you wish an employee to become adept a particularly boring task, which schedule of reinforcement would you choose? Why?

10. Contrast the medical, psychoanalytical, behavioral, cognitive, humanistic, and sociocultural perspectives of mental illness

Topic 1: Conditioning. Begin by reviewing Chapter 5 beginning on page 162. Chapter 5 discusses Classical Conditioning and the experiments of Ivan Pavlov, Operant Conditioning and B.F. Skinner’s contributions to the field in particular with his discussion on rewards and punishment. Chapter 5 also went on to discuss Cognitive Approaches to Learning which include latent learning and observational learning based on Bandura’s experiments.

1. Choose one of these conditioning/learning styles and discuss how it may be applied to child rearing. In essay format, create a plan to help get a young child to clean his/her room.

Multiple Choice Answers

1- Suppose that the market for engagement rings is in equilibrium. Then political unrest in South Africa shuts down the diamond mines there. South Africa is the world’s primary supplier of diamonds. What will happen?
a- The equilibrium quantity of engagement rings will decrease.
b-The equilibrium price of engagement rings will decrease.
c-The demand for engagement rings will decrease.
d-The supply of engagement rings will increase.

2- Which of the following would lead to a DECREASE in the demand for tennis balls?
a-An increase in the price of tennis balls
b- A decrease in the price of tennis rackets
c-An increase in the cost of producing tennis balls
d-A decrease in average household income when tennis balls are a normal good
e-None of the above

3-With a given supply curve, a decrease in demand leads to
a-a decrease in equilibrium price and an increase in equilibrium quantity.
b-an increase in equilibrium price and a decrease in equilibrium quantity.
c-a decrease in equilibrium price and a decrease in equilibrium quantity.
d-no change in price and a decrease in equilibrium quantity.
e-none of the above

4-The change in price that results from a leftward shift of the supply curve will be greater if
a-the demand curve is relatively steep than if the demand curve is relatively flat.
b-the demand curve is relatively flat than if the demand curve is relatively steep.
c-the demand curve is horizontal than if the demand curve is vertical.
d-the demand curve is horizontal than if the demand curve is downward sloping.

5-Yesterday’s newspaper reported the results of a study indicating that people who eat more bananas are more attractive to the opposite sex. What do you expect to happen to the market price and quantity of bananas?
a-price will decrease, quantity will decrease
b-price will decrease, quantity will increase
c-price will increase, quantity will decrease
d-price will increase, quantity will increase

6-Suppose that a decrease in the price of good X results in fewer units of good Y being sold. This implies that X and Y are
a-complementary goods.
b-normal goods.
c-inferior goods.
d-substitute goods.

7-If a supply curve goes through the point P = $10 and Qs = 320, then
a-$10 is the highest price that will induce firms to supply 320 units.
b-$10 is the lowest price that will induce firms to supply 320 units.
c-at a price higher than $10 there will be a surplus.
d-at a price lower than $10 there will be a shortage.
e-both c and d

8-Which of the following would shift the demand curve for gasoline in the current period to the right?
a. a decrease in the price of gasoline
b. an increase in consumer income, assuming gasoline is a normal good
c. an increase in the price of cars, a complement for gasoline
d. a decrease in the expected future price of gasoline

9-If the market price of eggs rises at the same time as the market quantity of eggs purchased decreases, this could have been caused by
a-an increase in demand with no change in supply.
b- a decrease in supply with no change in demand.
c-an increase in supply and an increase in demand.
d-an increase in supply and a decrease in demand

10-Because bagels and cream cheese are often eaten together, they are complements. Suppose we observe that both the equilibrium price of cream cheese and the equilibrium quantity of bagels have risen. Which of the following explanations is consistent with these changes in the bagels and cream cheese markets?
a-Price of milk increased.
b-Price of milk decreased.
c-Price of flour increased.
d-Price of flour decreased.

11-Use the following demand and supply functions to answer the next two questions
Demand: Qd = 900 – 60P
Supply: Qs = – 200 + 50P
Equilibrium price and output are:
a-P = $7 and Q = 480.
b-P = $10 and Q = 300.
c-P = $20 and Q = 150.
d-P = $100 and Q = 5,300.
e-none of the above

12-If M = $15,000 and PR = $20 and the supply function is Qs= 30 + 3P, then, when the price of the good is $60,
a-there is a shortage of 60 units of the good.
b-there is equilibrium in the market.
c-there is a surplus of 60 units of the good.
d-the quantities demanded and supplied are indeterminate.

13-Assuming neither supply or demand curves is horizontal, in which of the following cases must price always fall?
a-Demand increases and supply increases.
b-Demand decreases and supply decreases.
c-Supply increases and demand remains constant.
d-Demand decreases and supply increases.
e-Both c and d

14-We observe that the equilibrium price of coffee falls and the equilibrium quantity falls. Which of the following best fits the observed data?
a-an increase in demand with supply constant.
b-an increase in demand coupled with a decrease in supply.
c-an increase in demand coupled with an increase in supply
d-a decrease in demand with supply constant.

16 -If M = $15,000 and PR = $20 and the supply function is Qs
= 30 + 3P, equilibrium price and quantity are, respectively,
a-P = $55 and Q = 195.
b-P = $6 and Q = 38.
c-P = $12 and Q = 200.
d-P = $50 and Q = 170.
e-P = $40 and Q = 250.

17-If M = $15,000 and PR = $20, the demand function is
a-P = 690 – 9Qd.
b-Qd= 690 – 9P.
c-Qd = 680 – 9P.
d-P = 680 – 9Qd.
e- Qd= 800 – 19P.

18-Use the following general linear demand relation to answer questions 5 through 8:
Qd = 680 – 9P + 0.006M – 4PR
where M is income and PR is the price of a related good, R.
From this relation it is apparent that the good is:

a-an inferior good
b-a substitute for good R
c-a normal good

d-a complement for good R
e-both c and d

 

Expert Answers

In general, if we have a random sample of n Xs from a distribution whose mean and variance is  and 2, then what is the mean and variance of ?

In general, if we have a random sample of n Xs from a distribution whose mean and standard deviation is  and , then what is the mean and standard deviation of ?

Is an unbiased estimator of 2? If not, give its bias.

If 2 = 35, and n = 12, calculate the bias of .

As part of a proof that S is an unbiased estimator of 2, show that:

Give the formula for S2. Why do we use this estimator?

Your colleague at work was gathering some data for you, and you noticed that she accidentally estimated the standard deviation as the square root of the average of the sum of the squared deviations from the sample mean (i.e., she “divided by n”). Her estimate was 270 for the 15 observations she collected. You wish to use an unbiased estimate of the sample variance. What is it (show your work)?

What is a point estimate? How is it different from a point estimator and from a population parameter?
What is a point estimator? How is it different from a point estimate and from a population parameter?
What is a population parameter? How is it different from a point estimate and from a point estimator?
Calculate the value of in terms of the mean  of Xi, (i.e., like we did in class).
Calculate the variance of in terms of the variance 2 of Xi (i.e., like we did in class).
If {X1,…, X37} is a random sample from N(100, 25), then what is the variance of ?
If {X1,…, X37} is a random sample from N(100, 25), then what is the standard deviation of ?
Suppose X has a mean μ and standard deviation σ; let . Calculate the mean of Z, using the linearity of expectations.
Suppose X has a mean μ and standard deviation σ; let . Calculate the standard deviation of Z, using the linearity of expectations.

Expert Answers

1. How should a company assess readiness for learning? (Be sure to include characteristics of both the employee and the work environment.)

2. Discuss at least three different approaches to diversity training.

3. Why are drug tests a controversial component of the personnel selection process? What are some of ways in which organizations can avoid problems associated with drug testing?

4. You have just been promoted to manager of your department. Your supervisor has asked that you review the current performance management system measures in place, and make any possible suggestions. Would you enlist input from the employees in your department? Why, or why not? List and interpret the criteria you would use to evaluate the current performance management system.

5. Evaluate the importance of employee feedback from the manager’s stand point, as well as, the employee’s stand point. Discuss the three approaches managers can take to conducting feedback. In your opinion, what is the approach you would prefer and why?

6. There are four categories of employee development and four steps to career management. Discuss the four categories of both, and explain how employee development can complement career management.