Multiple Choice Answers

Question 1
Which category best applies to the Socialist Party?
Farmer-labor party.
Bolter party.
Party of ideological protest.
Single-issue party.
Progressive party.

Question 2
The decline in voter participation since 1960 can be attributed in large part to
the belief that government is not responsive, so voting does little good.
an increased sense of party identification among the electorate.
more restrictive voter registration laws.
an increase in the number of poorly educated citizens.
greater satisfaction with government policies.

Question 3
Broadcast media includes
radio and television.
cooperative-owned media.
media conglomerates.
targeted communications.

Question 4
Political parties are distinguished from interest groups in American politics by the fact that interest groups do not
sponsor candidates for office under their name.
endorse candidates in campaigns.
maintain organizations that assist candidates in campaigns.
financially support candidates for public office.
endorse party platforms.

Question 5
A political party’s primary purpose is to
educate citizens about issues.
offer different issue positions than the government.
run candidates from their party for office.
provide jobs for people once their candidate is elected.
raise money for campaigns.

Question 6
The United States ranks where among democratic nations whose eligible voting population actually votes?
At the bottom
In the top 25 percent
In the top 50 percent
Above average

Question 7
In Federalist No. 10, James Madison advocated
regulating factions’ activities by passing strict laws limiting them.
making factionalism a criminal offense.
replacing factions with political parties.
a system that would inherently control the effects of factions.
increased power and control for factional alliances.

Question 8
A citizen appearing before a board to protest high property taxes is engaging in
protest behavior.
influencing behavior.
unconventional participation.
direct incitement.
supportive behavior.

Question 9
The “Era of Good Feelings” was characterized by
unprecedented cooperation between the two political parties.
a lack of party competition.
smooth relations between Congress and the president.
high public esteem for the two political parties.
good economic conditions.

Question 10
Under which President did the FCC repeal application of the fairness doctrine?
Harry Truman
Ronald Reagan

Question 11
The typical script for an entire TV news broadcast would fill ______ of The New York Times.
two full pages
a section
four columns of one page
the entire front page
less than two columns of one pag

Question 12
The broadcast media have historically given more nearly equal treatment to political candidates than have the print media because
the broadcast media have operated under content regulations imposed by the Federal Communications Commission.
print reporters are more biased than are broadcast reporters.
the broadcast media have been less likely to succumb to the media events staged by the candidates.
the print media have been more interested in reporting the “horse race” aspects of election races.
print media typically contains more in-depth coverage.

Question 13
Evidence indicates that the New Deal coalition forged by Franklin Roosevelt
never really dominated U.S. electoral politics.
has been weakened by the breakup of the Solid South.
has been replaced by a Republican majority coalition.
continues to dominate American electoral politics at the national level.
will not result in a Democrat winning the presidency.

Question 14
At times, initiatives may work to the advantage of politicians because
initiatives may free a politician from having to take sides on controversial issues.
many initiatives in recent years have attempted to impose term limits on politicians.
many initiatives in recent years have attempted to lengthen politicians’ terms of office.
initiatives direct voters’ attention away from politicians and toward issues.
courts will ultimately decide the issue.

Question 15
The_____Amendment to the Constitution prohibits states from denying the right to vote “on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.”

Question 16
One reason for the media’s impact as a socialization agent is
because the media carry clear messages about what behaviors and attitudes are and are not acceptable.
the fact that the average American child has watched about 19,000 hours of television by the end of high school.
the many ways that television socializes young people to question “the system.”
none of these.
all of these.

Question 17
When polled, citizens indicate they believe the current democratic government is non-responsive to their demands. Under democratic theory, in order to reestablish popular control of government, citizens would need primarily to
join an interest group.
begin an initiative drive.
write their congressional representatives.
take matters to court.
vote in free elections.

Question 18
The Republican Party was established in response to the issue of
school prayer.
states’ rights.

Question 19
When the air you breathe is made cleaner as a result of lobbying done by an interest group to which you do not belong, you are an example of
a program monitor.
an interest group entrepreneur.
the PAC problem.
free loader.
a free rider.

Question 20
Which interest group was able to bring about political change through a broad and sustained series of protests and unconventional actions?
Antinuclear movement
Antilobbying association
Civil rights movement
Gun control faction
right-to-life association.