Visualization involves appealing to matters that affect the personal well-being of your audience members.
The following statement uses which method of speech conclusion? “You have all sat here patiently while I’ve filled your minds with example after example of lives taken needlessly due to faulty industrial equipment. Now I ask you to consider those examples and do something about it. Sign this letter; take a stand for industrial safety.”
stating personal intentions
supplying additional inducement to belief
issuing a challenge or appeal
The following is an example of which type of introduction? “There is a disease sweeping our country. None of us is immune. There are no drugs to treat it.”
reference to the occasion
A question, whether rhetorical or not, can help to spark thinking about your subject.
Which two attention factors both suggest uncertainty?
conflict and suspense
reality and vitality
activity and proximity
novelty and familiarity
The following is an example of which method of speech introduction? “The maple outside this building looked different this morning. I looked at it carefully and discovered three nests in close proximity, all about the same size. Black squirrels were hustling from one nest to the next. It dawned on me that the squirrels were practicing the very concept that I had planned to speak about today: the extended family.”
using an illustration
using personal reference
referring to subject or occasion
making a startling statement
All introductions should try to win the goodwill of your listeners.
The opening lines of Charles Dickens’ famous novel, A Tale of Two Cities, are, “It was the best of times. It was the worst of times.” This contrast implies which factor of attention?
Which of these things does a good speech conclusion not do?
return to the viewpoints articulated earlier in the speech
reaffirm the speaker’s goals for the speech
remind the audience why you are credible
recapture the tone that the speech started with
Which of the following is NOT a primary goal of an introduction?
establish the speaker’s qualifications
orient the listeners’ attention
rebut any likely arguments
lay out the speech’s ideas and their development
A speaking outline should include everything you want to say in your speech.
Based upon the requirements of a good outline form, what is wrong with the following?
I. Students in public schools should be allowed a “moment of silence” to meditate, pray or reflect. Instituting a moment of silence would not exclude on the basis of religious background. On the contrary, it would allow each student to use that time in his or her own way. Many schools have adopted this practice and it has yielded a positive reaction from students.
A consistent set of symbols should be used.
Each item in the outline should contain one main idea.
The logical relation of items in an outline should be shown by proper indentation.
Less important ideas in the outline should be subordinated to more important ideas.
Less important ideas in an outline should be subordinate to more important ones.
Knowledge of perceptual grouping constructs will not help you as you evaluate your outline.
For the sake of economy, each note card of your speaking outline can contain multiple ideas.
A good way to construct a technical plot outline is to set your full sentence outline next to a blank piece of paper and, on the blank sheet opposite each outline unit, identify all the technical elements of the speech.
Proximity, continuity, contiguity, closure, and similarity are
terms that refer to different parts of speech outlines.
different types of outlines that can be used in writing speeches.
ways to gain and maintain the attention of listeners.
common constructs with which we group new bits of information.
Psychologists argue that we learn by
talking to others about our ideas.
organizing our ideas into outlines.
adding new bits of information to old constructs.
going to class and taking careful notes.
Closure refers to:
we group stimuli together that are close together when presented to us
we tend to simplify and to find similarities among things rather than differences
we connect events that occur closely together in time and space
we complete figures by filling in the gaps or adding missing connections
The primary purpose of the speaking outline is to test your ideas.
Chronological patterns, spatial patterns, and causal patterns are examples of
search methods for the web.
types of arrangement.
forms of argument.
Which of the following organizational patterns is useful when your goal is to give listeners a sense of development or motion?
Extrinsic motivation refers to
inaction that occurs as a result of a particular speech.
incentives audiences create from within that encourage them to act.
acting because a speaker asks the audience to do so.
incentives, such as prizes or grades, offered to an audience in exchange for action on their part.
If listener’s are not well informed about a particular topic, which would be the best organizational pattern for the body of a speech?
Which step in Monroe’s Motivated Sequences allows you to use positive, negative, or contrasting methods to achieve it?
The Action Step
The Attention Step
The Visualization Step
The Need Step
Illustration occurs when you add more examples, additional statistics, testimony from experts, and other forms of support to drive your analysis home.
In which step of Monroe’s Motivated Sequence does the speaker lay out a proposal?
the satisfaction step
the need step
the attention step
the visualization step
If you were to arrange ideas or subtopics in terms of their physical proximity or relationship to each other you would most likely be using which organizational pattern?
Juaquin has lived all over the world. To convey his experience of culture shock in his speech, he orders his main points from the first place he lived, Japan, to the last place, Germany. He is using which form of verbal organization?
Sharon gave a speech about vacation spots in the United States. She began by exploring vacation spots in the East, then the Midwest, and finished with Western vacation spots. Sharon’s pattern of organization was
“The gentleman sleeping in the front row shows what I mean by auditory oblivion,” is an example of
Kendra says in her speech, “The “glass ceiling” is a term coined to describe the barriers many women encounter in the corporate world.” Which method of definition is being used?
If you focus on the origin of a particular word, you are using a(n)
If a speaker describes the sensations while jogging and refers to the agony of muscle cramps and the joy of a second wind, which type of imagery is being used?
Travis relates the story of falling from a tree when he was a child by saying, “my body hit the ground with an enormous thud followed by a sickening snap when my arm broke.” Which type of imagery was being used?
The statement, “The bright light exploded through my eyes, sending a searing pain to the base of my skull” is an example of organic imagery.
Which of the following is a quality of the oral style?
face to face
all of the above
The statement, “After carrying the bags for over a mile, my hands and shoulders were aching” is an example of kinesthetic imagery.
If I were to substitute the word “stubborn” for “contrary” in a speech, I would most likely be addressing the issue of simplicity.
Putting ideas into words and actions is