1. Workers internalize norms and values of the police culture through a process called
D. legalistic absorption.
2. Police officers typically make decisions to enforce laws based on
A. how minor the offense is.
C. their supervisor’s guidance.
D. their interpretation of community expectations.
3. The reactive beats used in the Kansas City study were defined as areas that
A. contained a flood of patrol officers as a norm.
B. contained no active patrol unless a call for service was received.
C. would include both car and foot patrols.
D. normally had the most citizen complaints.
4. Detectives are assigned to one of three types of cases that include all of the following except
B. modus operandi.
5. The decision to make an arrest may often depend on the
A. Agency General Orders.
B. demeanor of the suspect.
C. level of offense.
D. age of the suspect.
6. The war on terror and the United States’ continued military presence in the Middle East will likely lead to an increase in the number of hate crimes against
A. Arabs and Muslims.
B. Jews and homosexuals.
C. the homeless and the mentally challenged.
D. Europeans and the British.
7. During the last few decades, highly organized and militaristically armed units called _______ have become popular in the United States.
A. paramilitary units
B. urban street fighters
C. collective forces
D. enforcerment squads
8. Which of the following police activities affects the largest number of people?
A. Investigative function
B. 911 call centers
D. Traffic function
9. Vice laws are designed to
A. prevent juvenile crime.
B. control morality.
C. eliminate domestic abuse.
D. keep drugs off the street.
10. Brent and Jin Lee are discussing control mechanisms for police departments. Brent says that internal control mechanisms are meant to establish policies and guidelines to control officers’ behavior. Jin Lee says that they’re meant to establish control from a review board or legislative court. Who is correct?
A. Both are correct.
B. Only Jin Lee is correct.
C. Only Brent is correct.
D. Neither is correct.
11. Person-oriented patrols were the forerunners to
A. repeat-offender projects.
B. racial profiling.
D. split-force policing.
12. An officer’s use of force against a citizen is contingent on all of the following except whether the
A. suspect is an adult or juvenile offender.
B. suspect is in flight.
C. crime is considered severe.
D. officer is under immediate threat.
13. Studies show that officers use physical force
A. by making a point of unholstering his or her firearm.
B. by jumping to the highest levels on the use-of-force continuum.
C. more often than not.
14. Police agencies attempt to control officer discretion through
A. merit evaluations.
B. mid-level supervision.
D. strong supervision.
15. There are high rates of _______ in the police culture.
A. mental health problems
D. alcoholism and drug abuse
16. Which of the following is not a police officer classification established by Muir?
B. Rule appliers
17. Use of water cannons and rubber bullets is
A. reserved for urban areas.
B. ineffective in crime control.
C. the primary force used by chronic deviants.
D. a method of applying less-than-lethal force.
18. One basic objective of foot patrol is to
A. take advantage of rough terrain for crime prevention.
B. increase the number of misdemeanor arrests.
C. eliminate apathy about reporting crime to the police.
D. make greater use of patrol officers available for crime prevention tasks.
19. When an officer uses force too quickly or needlessly, he or she is guilty of _______ force.
20. Which of the following statements about police discretion is true?
A. It can be based on age.
B. It is generally not used against minorities.
C. It is unnecessary.
D. It is limited to arrests.