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Foundations in supporting development and learning 605463RR
1. Which one of the following is an example of seclusion?
A. Asking parents to come into the building when they pick up their children
B. Providing a picture window for children to view the outside
C. Providing a quiet area where children can read by themselves
D. Asking people of different professions to visit the classroom
2. Family childcare provider ***** ***** uses a recording method in which she uses a checklist to capture children’s activities at five-minute intervals. She checks off whether each child was attending, participating, interacting, moving away from the group, or involved with the self. Which method of recording is she using?
A. Incident reporting
B. Running records observation
C. Mapping
D. Time sampling
3. Treating a child like a fully human person rather than like an object is the principle behind the idea of
A. inclusion.
B. respect.
C. continuity.
D. nurturance
4. What is the first step in planning an early childhood education environment?
A. Obtaining adequate liability insurance
B. Determining how the environment will reflect program goals and values
C. Finding out what the state regulations and licensing standards are
D. Planning the environment to match children’s interests, developmental levels, and needs
5. During what stage of development does a child’s cognition lie in the muscles and senses?
A. Toddlers
B. Mobile infants
C. Young infants
D. Two-year-olds
6. Early childhood educator Fawnia Farley wants to use a running record observation to assess one child at the site. To be successful, on what should she focus?
A. Capturing a variety of the child’s work samples
B. Collecting detailed descriptions of the child’s behavior at 10-minute intervals
C. Making quick, brief notes that she will write up immediately after the observation period
D. Taking notes with whole, complete sentences because these will serve as her report
Foundations in supporting development and learning 605463RR
7.Which of the following child-care environments is most likely to make use of surround care?
A. A kindergarten or primary-grade classroom
B. A half-day Head Start preschool
C. A before- and after-school child-care program for school-age children
D. A full-day child-care center
8. Children should experience a developmentally appropriate balance in the daily structure of the early childhood environment. All but one of the following pairs should be balanced. Which pair is not important to the balance of the daily structure?
A. Challenge and security
B. Need fulfillment and need restriction
C. Individual freedom and consideration of the group
D. Stability and flexibility
9. All but one of the following are pairs of qualities related to the social-emotional environment of an early childhood setting. Which is not related to the social-emotional environment of an early childhood setting?
A. Equity and authenticity
B. Respect and acceptance
C. Protection and warmth
D. Nurturance and continuity
10. Which of the following statements about the dimensions of an early childhood learning environment is false?
A. Children under two need more closed materials and toys that have correct, straightforward solutions.
B. Although there should generally be a balance between hardness and softness, very young children will require more softness in their environment.
C. Play yards should be as natural as possible to promote free play and expression.
D. Children’s attention spans typically increase more when they’re engaged with complex materials and activities than when they’re using simple materials or activities
11. Compared to his two-year-old cousin Nathan, three-year-old Jacob is more likely to
A. be pushy in asserting his independence.
B. experience a decrease in confidence.
C. be cooperative and easy to get along with.
D. have developed the judgment to avoid unsafe behavior
12. In terms of cognitive developmental milestones, two-year-old Asha can be expected to do three of the following. Which would she not be expected to do?
A. Identify when another child is in distress and express some sympathy
B. Communicate effectively with short sentences
C. Arrange objects into categories and name the categories
D. Make comparisons and see relationships between two objects
13. Preschool teacher Farouk keeps records of his students’ actions and activities to more effectively plan curriculum for the children as individuals as well as for the group. Another term for Farouk’s recordkeeping is
A. documentation.
B. assessment.
C. measurement.
D. observation
14. Children generally begin to fear separation from their parents and caregivers around the age of _______ months.
A. nine
B. six
C. twelve
D. three
15. Marvelous Babies Childcare has a policy of never putting a baby down by herself or himself with a bottle. Three of the following are possible reasons behind this policy. Which is not a reason for this policy?
A. Doing so would make infants more prone to develop ear infections and tooth decay.
B. Doing so would place children at greater risk for choking.
C. Doing so would cause babies to miss out on the intimacy of the feeding process.
D. Doing so would hamper the child’s development of motor skills.
16. Arliss, Barney, and Clarice are three children at Happy Time Childcare. Arliss is six months old and has begun scooting to get around. Barney is nine months old and isn’t yet mobile. Clarice is seven months old and moves from place to place by rolling. Which of them can be described as a young infant?
A. Barney
B. Arliss and Clarice
C. Arliss
D. Arliss, Barney, and Clarice
17. What is the trickle-down effect?
A. Changes to ineffective parenting practices that result as the parent gradually imitates the effective strategies of the provider
B. A cognitive ability associated with the formal operations period of cognitive development
C. The appearance of expectations and approaches appropriate for older children in programs for younger children
D. Older children model gross motor skills for younger children, causing the younger children to develop their skills earlier than they would have without exposure to the older children.
18 The following are three descriptions of interactions between an early childhood provider and children. In which of the scenarios is the early childhood provider showing respect to the child or children?
Scenario 1: When the three-year-olds don’t come to circle time after he asks them, Mr. Alejandro picks them up and places them in their seats.
Scenario 2: Ms. Beeman is holding eight-month-old Betsy in her arms when another teacher comes up and says, “How is Betsy doing today?” Ms. Beeman looks at Betsy and says, “It seems like you’re feeling good today, aren’t you Betsy?”
Scenario 3: When meeting the new group of four-year-old preschoolers, program director Dr. Cray says, “Oh, aren’t you all so cute!”
A. Scenarios 2 and 3
B. Scenarios 1 and 2
C. Scenario 2
D. Scenarios 1, 2, and 3
19. Four-year-old Walter can be expected to have reached all but one of the following social-emotional developmental milestones. Which is he not likely to have reached?
A. Engage in cooperative activities and projects with other children
B. Ask for something he wants from another child rather than just grab it
C. Desire and be able to spend long amounts of time in large groups
D. Understand when he has done something wrong and sometimes independently offer an apology
20. Generalizing from the developmental milestones presented in the text, one can predict that fifteen-month-old Katrina will have mastered all but one of the following gross-motor skills. Which is she not likely to have mastered?
A. Standing alone
B. Walking backward
C. Jumping
D. Walking alone