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Exam: 501595RR – Fighting Organized Crime
1. Which of the following holds that forfeiture occurs at the time that the property first becomes involved in an illegal act rather than at the later time when the government attempts to forfeit the property?
A. Civil forfeiture
B. Relation-back doctrine
C. Administrative forfeiture
D. Criminal forfeiture
2. Which of the following are the most commonly seized assets?
A. Jewelry and weapons
B. Boats and planes
C. Residential and commercial property
D. Cash and cars
3. The highest number of federal organized crime convictions between 2003 and 2009 took place in
A. Brooklyn.
B. Philadelphia.
C. Newark.
D. Las Vegas.
4. Which one of the following statements about the number of people convicted for organized crime
offenses in 2013 is true?
A. It resulted in a smaller percentage sent to prison.
B. It’s exponentially greater than the number in 2000.
C. It resulted in shorter average prison sentences.
D. It’s less than it was in 1995.
5. The Organized Crime Drug Enforcement Task Force (OCDETF) program consists of _______ task
forces around the country.
A. 7
B. 13
C. 11
D. 9
6. The average prison sentences imposed in federal organized crime cases since 1995 were at their lowest
A. 2002.
B. 2005.
C. 2010.
D. 2013.
7. In a criminal forfeiture, property can only be seized once the owner
A. is arrested for certain crimes.
B. has been convicted of certain crimes.
C. is suspected of certain crimes.
D. has committed certain crimes.
8. Critics cite the allowance of independent evidence admitted in court through the use of immunity as a
potential violation of the _______ Amendment.
A. Fourth
B. Fifth
C. First
D. Second
9. The _______ was established in 1990 to support law enforcement agencies in identifying moneylaundering
A. Witness Security Program (WITSEC)
B. Bank Secrecy Act
C. Currency Transaction Report (CTR)
D. Financial Crime Enforcement Network (FinCEN)
10. Which of the following “mob-connected” lawyers represented a “crew” within the Cosa Nostra group
and served a 15-year sentence for heroin possession?
A. Martin Light
B. Frank Ragano
C. Bruce Culter
D. Kevin Rankin
11. The average prison sentence for someone convicted of continuing criminal enterprise (CCE) drug
conspiracy is _______ months.
A. 55
B. 105
C. 155
D. 75
12. Why do prison sentences for organized crime convictions have a weak deterrent effect?
A. Jail time is usually spent in so-called country club prisons.
B. Many of the convicted see the sentences as a cost of doing business.
C. Most of those convicted believe they have a higher calling.
D. Prison sentences for these convictions are generally very short.
13. Individuals convicted of racketeering during the late twentieth century were most often _______ who
had been previously incarcerated.
A. white males
B. black females
C. black males
D. white females
14. According to Title I of the Organized Crime Control Act, special grand juries are to be called at least
A. 36 months.
B. 12 months.
C. 18 months.
D. 24 months.
15. A National Strategy for Combating Wildlife Trafficking was issued by President Obama in 2014 to
strengthen enforcement in the illegal _______ trade.
A. crocodile
B. elephant ivory and rhino horn
C. Bengal tiger
D. snow leopard
16. Traditional groups, emerging groups, and high-priority targets comprised 37% of all _______
convictions in 2013.
A. human-trafficking
B. racketeering
C. murder
D. drug-trafficking
17. What was a primary reason for conducting the Valachi hearings in the 1960s?
A. John Kennedy had been threatened by the Mafia.
B. Robert Kennedy wanted to improve witness immunity and wiretapping law.
C. Witness testimony has always been suspect.
D. There had been too many Italian-American murders.
18. Which of the following is a “subjective” formulation of the entrapment defense?
A. The government had no predisposition to originate a criminal offense
B. Government agents induced the defendant to commit the offense.
C. Government agents originated a criminal design
D. Government agents created a substantial risk that an innocent person would commit the
criminal offense.
19. Civil forfeitures generally result from actions of the
A. Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA).
B. Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI).
C. U.S. Marshalls.
D. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).
20. Which one of the following is an indicator of potential money laundering?
A. An account holder who is open with regard to personal and business identity
B. Strong general knowledge about the customer’s stated business
C. Few high-dollar cash transactions
D. use of large amounts of cash when checks would be expected and more convenient