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Exam: 501593RR – Transnational Organized Crime
1. According to Pino Arlacchi, the mafia was a form of behavior and a kind of power, not a/an
A. informal organization.
B. illegal gang.
C. legitimate business.
D. formal organization.
2. The _______subculture is composed of those who lack opportunity or the ability to gain status in other subcultures.
A. criminal
B. conflict
C. organized crime
D. retreatist
3. Studies have found that juveniles engaging in some act of delinquency
A. usually become involved in organized crime.
B. frequently become serious offenders.
C. are likely to become terrorists.
D. rarely become serious offenders.
4. According to Gravano, organized crime members ranked below those in administration are called
A. majors.
B. captains.
C. underbosses.
D. consiglieres.
5. The term Cosa Nostra, first revealed by Joseph Valachi in the early 1960s, was used interchangeably
with what other term?
A. Syndicate
B. Castellammarese
C. Organized crime
D. Mafia
6. Routine activities or situational crime prevention focus on _______ instead of the motivations of
individuals and groups of people.
A. criminal settings
B. economic influences
C. racketeering
D. ethical reasoning
7. Which sociologist discovered that individuals involved in organized crime “do not belong to an
A. Joseph Albini
B. Francis Ianni
C. Estes Kefauver
D. Salvatore Gravano
8. American interest in the Mafia can be traced to a murder that occurred in
A. 1922.
B. 1890.
C. 1900.
D. 1870.
9. Whose life has been the subject of the best selling biography, Wiseguy, and demonstrates a the positivist perspective as described by Cloward and Ohlin?
A. Henry Hill
B. Joseph Bonanno Jr.
C. Sammy “the Bull” Gravano
D. Salvatore “Bill” Bonanno
10. According to Cloward and Ohlin, the conflict subculture is characterized by
A. opportunities to engage in white-collar and street-level crimes.
B. fighting gangs and obtaining status through violence and coercion.
C. associates with adult criminals.
D. a lack of opportunity or ability to gain status or acceptance in the retreatist subculture.
11. According to your textbook, the positivistic explanations of criminal behavior neglect which one of thefollowing factors?
A. Cultural traditions that conflict with the law
B. The individual’s decision to commit a crime
C. A child’s inability to make moral decisions
D. External influences such as poverty
12. Choose the correct statement regarding ethnic ties in organized crime.
A. Organized crime tends to be more interethnic than is commonly believed.
B. A group may use members of a different ethnicity for simple work, but leaders tend to be of a single ethnicity.
C. Most organized crime violence is due to ethnic tensions and competition.
D. Certain ethnic groups are extremely segregated in organized crime.
13. According to the _______ perspective, crime is less related to individual behavior and more related to how acts are defined as criminal.
A. positivist
B. ethical
C. classicist
D. structural
14. A group of persons or things arranged in order of rank or grade is a
A. government.
B. hierarchy.
C. conspiracy.
D. corporation.
15. The power struggle among Italian-American gangs that took place during the early 1930s was called the
A. Bonnono conspiracy.
B. Kefauver battle.
C. Castellammarese War.
D. Apalachin episode.
16. According to Anton Block, the emergence of a Mafia in Italy can be attributed to rising tensions among the central government of Italy, land owners, and
A. peasants.
B. the rich.
C. business owners.
D. the middle class.
17. Which word originally described a middleman who collected rent from feudal peasants and provided
protection to landowners?
A. Camorra
B. Capo
C. Mafioso
D. Sicilia
18. According to Joseph Valachi, membership in an organized crime family was restricted to “full Italians”
after the Castellammarese War by
A. Sammy Gravano.
B. Lucky Luciano.
C. Joseph Bonanno Jr..
D. John McClellan.
19. Which of the following is the largest prison gang in Maryland and has its origins in revolutionary prison writings of a former Black Panther in California?
A. Nuestra Family
B. Mexican Mafia
C. Black Guerrilla Family (BGF)
D. Aryan Brotherhood of Texas (ABT)
20. A person who makes a conscious choice to join an organized crime group because of the pleasure it
brings would be a case study for the _______ perspective on organized crime.
A. structural
B. positivist
C. classicist
D. ethical