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Psychological Disorders 350609RR
1. The surface description of a dream is known as
A. manifest content.
B. latent content.
C. resistance.
D. free association.
2. The _______ perspective goes beyond only considering external behavior, as in traditional approaches. This approach assumes that people’s thoughts and beliefs are central to a person’s abnormal behavior.
A. medical
B. cognitive
C. behavioral
D. psychoanalytic
3. Treatment approaches that teach people to think in more adaptive ways by changing their dysfunctional cognitions about the world and themselves are known as _______ treatment approaches.
A. humanistic
B. behavioral
C. cognitive
D. psychodynamic
4. In which of these statements is the scientific rationale for distinguishing Type I and Type II most clearly illustrated?
A. Type II schizophrenics are most likely to be a threat to themselves and others.
B. If subjects X and Y are identical twins and X is diagnosed with Type 1 schizophrenia, we can be nearly 100 percent assured that Y will also develop Type I schizophrenia.
C. The symptomatic profile for Type I and Type II schizophrenia is different.
D. Type I schizophrenics are most likely to be a threat to themselves and others.
5. Which of the following statements about the cultural effect on the prevalence anorexia nervosa is true?
A. Anorexia nervosa never appears in Asian culture.
B. Anorexia nervosa is experiences equally in all cultures.
C. Anorexia nervosa appears in Asian populations with the greatest amount of western influence.
D. Anorexia nervosa is rare in western culture
6. Due to his mental illness. Ben has difficulty holding a job. Ben could be considered abnormal under which definition of abnormality?
A. Abnormality as the inability to function effectively
B. Abnormality as a legal concept
C. Abnormality as deviation from the average
D. Abnormality as deviation from the ideal
7. The _______ perspective views the behavior itself as the problem. Using the basic principles of learning, these theorists see both normal and abnormal behaviors as responses to various stimuli.
A. behavioral
B. medical
C. cognitive
D. psychoanalytic
8. An irresistible urge to repeatedly carry out some act that seems strange and unreasonable is known as a/an
A. obsession.
B. phobia.
C. compulsion.
D. fear.
9. The _______ perspective emphasizes the responsibility people have for their own behavior, even when their behavior is considered abnormal.
A. sociocultural
B. behavioral
C. humanistic
D. cognitive
10. The key theme in humanistic therapy is
A. philosophical reasoning.
B. emotional expression.
C. self-responsibility.
D. self-criticism.
11. Among somatoform disorders, hypochondriasis is to obsessive concern about one’s health as a/an _______ disorder is to marked physical symptoms with no identifiable physiological cause.
A. hysterical
B. obsessive
C. dissociative
D. conversion
12. The most common symptom of a generalized anxiety disorder is
A. a racing heart.
B. inability to relax.
C. confusion.
D. trembling hands.
13. Which of the following statements regarding electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is true?
A. Disorientation and confusion always accompany ECT therapy.
B. Side-effects may include memory loss that lasts for years.
C. It isn’t known why ECT works when it does work.
D. Depression doesn’t return after ECT treatments have been concluded.
14. A reference work developed by the American Psychiatric Association is referred to as DSM-IV-TR. In that acronym, S stands for
A. Symposium.
B. Statistical.
C. Standard.
D. Standardized.
15. _______ is a behavioral treatment for anxiety in which people are confronted, either suddenly or gradually, with a stimulus that they fear.
A. Exposure
B. Aversion therapy
C. Classical conditioning
D. Systematic desensitization
16. A very large sample, representing the population of the United States, was drawn to study the prevalence of psychological disorders. The second most commonly reported disorder, after depression, was
A. post-traumatic stress disorder.
B. alcohol dependency.
C. panic disorders.
D. comorbidity.
17. In the context of trends in community psychology, which statement is true?
A. A high proportion of homeless adults suffer from a psychological disorder.
B. Psychoactive drugs have greatly increased the need to physically restrain mental patients.
C. Deinstitutionalization has been greatly decreased in recent years.
D. Telephone hotlines are a negative development in community psychology.
18. Rebecca has been keeping track of the amount of times she washes her hands in a day. Keeping track of observable actions and how these actions can be remedied can best be describes as which perspective of psychological disorder?
A. Cognitive
B. Psychoanalytic
C. Humanistic
D. Behavioral
19. Lois and Lang are in a heated discussion over the effectiveness of psychotherapy. Lois maintains that psychotherapy works for most people. Lang argues that it doesn’t work for everyone. Who is correct?
A. Both Lois and Lang are correct.
B. Lang is correct.
C. Neither Lois nor Lang is correct.
D. Lois is correct.
20. Psychologists consider _______ behavior to be behavior that causes people to experience distress and prevents them from functioning in their daily lives.
A. abnormal
B. deviant
C. adolescent
D. aberrant
Health services Facility Design and Caring For Children with special needs children 605848RR
1. Which early childhood theorist developed techniques for working with children with disabilities?
A. Vygosky
B. Skinner
C. Montessori
D. Piaget
2. At what age can most children cooperate during a visual acuity and stereopsis screening?
A. 7
B. 3
C. 5
D. 1
3. Childcare health consultants (CCHCs)
A. are primary care providers.
B. are health professionals who consult with early educators.
C. aren’t allowed to report abuse or neglect.
D. consult mainly by telephone.
4. Johnny tells you that he has a sore throat. When you take his temperature, you notice he has an oral temperature of 102 degrees Fahrenheit. You should
A. notify his parents via telephone to share that he’s complaining of a sore throat and has a temperature of 102 orally.
B. call his parents to share that he has a fever.
C. notify his parents at pick up time to share that he’s complaining of a sore throat and has an temperature of 102 orally.
D. call his parents to share that he’s contagious and that he must be picked up from school immediately.
5. All staff members should receive training in how to
A. drive children to the emergency room.
B. administer medication to sick children.
C. diagnosis illnesses.
D. handle blood and other body fluids.
6. Employers are not required to
A. make reasonable accommodation for employees.
B. disclose the duties of the childcare position.
C. employ a person who cannot fulfill the stipulated requirements of the job.
D. follow the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA).
7. Fluid in the ears, anemia, and lazy eye are medical conditions that may not be easily recognized but require
A. physical therapy.
B. urgent medical care.
C. medical attention.
D. antibiotics.
8. Early childhood providers are expected to be _______, but aren’t expected to be experts on health.
A. incompetent
B. prescribers
C. professionals
D. observant
9. According to your text, which standard reflects an approach that focuses on preventing behavior problems by supporting children in learning appropriate social skills and emotional responses?
A. Support
B. Punishment
C. Discipline
D. Guidance
10. Who has the final say in matters of public policy about health actions?
A. Families
B. Administrator of the facility
C. Board of the facility
D. Public health officer
11. The roots of lifetime healthy behaviors and emotional resiliency are planted in
A. a child’s later life.
B. the early years.
C. developmentally appropriate curriculum.
D. children’s home lives.
12. One way in which health is assessed is through evaluation of a child’s
A. ancestral history.
B. food preferences.
C. race and ethnicity.
D. screening tests.
13. Which of the following is an allergic skin condition?
A. Contact dermatitis
B. Chicken pox
C. Scarlet fever
D. German measles
14. Health concerns are a key role in recruitment, selection, and retention of staff members because caregivers must be able to
A. meet extreme physical fitness requirements.
B. function as child health consultants.
C. move playground equipment.
D. act quickly to assist young children in the event of an emergency.
15. OSHA stands for the Occupational _______ and Health Administration.
A. Security
B. Safety
C. Sanctuary
D. Sanity
16. When conducting vision screenings, 3-year-olds are expected to pass at the _______ line on eye charts.
A. 20/60
B. 20/20
C. 20/40
D. 20/30
17. The background screening of possible employees should include
A. IRS federal income tax payment verification.
B. a personal physical fitness assessment.
C. Social Security number verification.
D. family health history.
18. Providing literature on community health agencies, assisting families who are eligible to enroll in either CHIP or Medicaid, and providing a directory of pediatricians accepting new patients are ways early educators can ensure that health care is
A. compassionate
B. accessible
C. comprehensive
D. coordinated
19. The designated area for children’s activities should contain a minimum of 42 square feet of usable floor space per child. A usable floor space of _______ square feet per child is preferred.
A. 60
B. 45
C. 50
D. 55
20. Health assessment and follow-up care are often separated into which of the following categories?
A. Initial, middle, and final
B. Premium, intermediate, and low-tier
C. Screening, diagnosis, and treatment
D. Parenting, educating, and curing