- Regarding adolescent suicide, which statement is true?
A. Male suicide rates are five times higher than those for
B. Males attempt suicide more often than females.
C. Suicide is normally associated with depression.
D. Suicide is the leading cause of death among adolescents.
2. I’m not all that happy, but when I smile I feel better. This
idea might best be expressed by the
A. emotional similarity theory.
B. facial feedback hypothesis.
C. theory of universal affect programming.
D. facial-affect program.
3. In late adulthood, changes in memory may not be inevitable;
however, any decline in memory tends to involve _______
A. intrinsic C. implicit
B. semantic D. episodic
4. In the Binet IQ test, an IQ score is equal to MA divided by CA times 100. In this
formula, “MA” is to mental age as “CA” is to
A. cognitive age. C. chronological age.
B. common age. D. calculated ability.
5. According to Bandura, the extent to which we feel we’re able to meet a challenge or
pursue a task to a favorable outcome is our level of
A. openness to experience. C. extraversion.
B. self-efficacy. D. self-esteem.
6. If you support the idea that physiological arousal and the experience of an associated
emotion will occur simultaneously, you’ll agree with the
A. Schachter-Singer theory of emotion.
B. biological emotion-activation theory.
C. Cannon-Bard theory of emotion.
D. James-Lange theory of emotion.
7. Sternberg’s concept of practical intelligence is most directly related to
A. overall success in living. C. emotional intelligence.
B. information processing. D. multiple intelligences.
8. In Piaget’s model of cognitive development, a child’s tendency to view the world
entirely from his or her own perspective is referred to as
A. metacognition. C. the concrete operational stage.
B. egocentric thought. D. the sensorimotor stage.
9. People with a _______ can eat just about anything they want and not gain weight.
A. fixed weight set point C. fixed proportion of fat cells
B. low metabolic rate D. high metabolic rate
10. According to your textbook’s treatment of Kohlberg’s theory of moral development, a
focus on rewards and punishment in respect to a moral dilemma is characteristic of
A. adolescents who have reached the formal operational stage of moral development.
B. children who haven’t grasped the principle of object constancy.
C. children who haven’t reached the conventional stage of moral development.
D. adolescents who have reached the conventional level of moral development.
11. If you agree with B. F. Skinner as to the nature of personality, you would also agree
A. humans are infinitely changeable because they can learn new behavior patterns.
B. personality is shaped by people’s thoughts, feelings, expectations, and values.
C. human personality is largely shaped through observational learning.
D. traits like sociability arise from unconscious wishes to be liked by others.
Examination, Lesson 3 131
12. In Maslow’s needs hierarchy, people whose need for _______ has been fulfilled are
poised to ascend to the level of self-actualization.
A. achievement C. love and belongingness
B. esteem D. safety
13. Regarding the outcomes of Mary Ainsworth’s strange situation experiments, which
statement is most accurate?
A. Avoidant children cry when the mother returns to the playroom.
B. Only two-year-olds are capable of showing a secure attachment.
C. Ambivalent children may both hit and embrace their mother on her return.
D. Disorganized-disoriented behavior precedes a secure attachment.
14. According to _______ approaches to motivation, each person strives to maintain a
certain level of stimulation and activity.
A. drive-reduction C. homeostasis
B. instinct D. arousal
15. According to Erik Erikson, generativity-versus-stagnation is the typical challenge of
A. early adulthood. C. middle adulthood.
B. adolescence. D. old age.
16. It’s becoming increasingly apparent to researchers that infants are born with
A. developed personalities. C. high self-esteem.
B. low self-esteem. D. innate temperaments.
17. In the _______ theory of motivation, _______ motivation is to satisfaction provided by activities that are their own reward as _______ motivation is to satisfaction derived from the reward for some kind of behavior, such as money or s