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    Exam: 007506RR – THE TWENTIETH CENTURY, PART 2
1. In the song “Tonight” from the musical West Side Story, the composer distributed two basic melodies
among different characters to create a kind of _______, in which nothing disappears but new layers are
constantly introduced.
A. additive form
B. dissonant form
C. layered presence
D. consonant counterpoint
2. For the movie Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon, Chinese-American _______ was enlisted to play the
cello to offset the Asian-sounding erhu.
A. Xiaohui Ma
B. Yo-Yo Ma
C. Tan Dun
D. Ang Lee
3. The type of music that blended the musical styles of jump blues and honky-tonk was
A. hip hop.
B. Motown.
C. rock ‘n’ roll.
D. jazz.
4. The _______ is a xylophone-like instrument with tubular resonators under each bar.
A. marimba
B. suspended cymbal
C. timbales
D. conga
5. The progression of four basic chords that was used in many popular songs of the 1950s and 1960s is
referred to as _______ chord progression.
A. vamp
B. doo-wop
C. pop
D. bebop
6. A chromatic scale consists entirely of
A. tonal centers.
B. quarter steps.
C. half steps.
D. whole steps.
7. Agnes de Mille choreographed Aaron Copland’s Rodeo to blend
A. jazz with ballet.
B. square dance with Irish jig.
C. ballet with tap.
D. ballet with square dance.
8. The first African American to have a major opera performed by a major American opera company was
A. Langston Hughes.
B. XXXXXX XXXXXXX.
C. Scott Joplin.
D. William Grant Still.
9. Einstein on a Beach was a unique opera because it
A. had a single violinist.
B. had no plot and very little singing.
C. was written in Chinese.
D. was exclusively recitative.
10. Which song crossed racial boundaries by achieving success on both the R&B and pop charts?
A. “My Ding-a-Ling”
B. “School Day”
C. “Please Mr. Postman”
D. “Fight the Power”
11. Which of John Cage’s works has been perceived by some as a joke?
A. 4’33”
B. Imaginary Landscape no. 4
C. Einstein on a Beach
D. Illiac Suite
12. Which of the following composers wrote the music for West Side Story?
A. George M. Cohan
B. Jerome Kern
C. Cole Porter
D. Leonard Bernstein
13. Notes that begin a phrase before a downbeat are known as pick-up notes or a/an
A. duck walk.
B. shuffle groove.
C. anacrusis.
D. call and response.
14. The musical movement that started in the mid-1960s on the West Coast was the _______ movement.
A. progressive
B. rock
C. psychedelic
D. folk
15. Which one of the following composers is best known for promoting aleatory music?
A. Franz Wozzek
B. Béla Bartók
C. John Cage
D. Richard Strauss
16. The musician who ushered in the twentieth-century era of virtuosic rock guitar playing was
A. Jimi Hendrix.
B. Chuck Berry.
C. XXXXX XXXXXX.
D. Chet Atkins.
17. Public Enemy’s abrasive rap recording “Fight the Power” has a basic pulse of _______ beats per
minute.
A. 86
B. 120
C. 106
D. 60
18. Tamra says that the difference between an opera and a musical is that the opera includes more spoken
word than singing. Eduardo says that the musical contains singing with some spoken dialog. Who is correct
in citing the difference?
A. Eduardo
B. Both Tamra and Eduardo
C. Neither Tamra nor Eduardo
D. Tamra
19. A musical style that combines traditional and modern elements is called
A. minimalism.
B. exhibitionism.
End of exam
C. modernism.
D. postmodernism.
20. The hand-clapping at the beginning of the song “Please Mr. Postman” is known as the
A. vamp.
B. ostinato.
C. shuffle groove.
D. hook.