Immunity

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1. A farmer calls a veterinarian and says, “Yesterday morning my mare gave birth to a foal, but the foal hasn’t drunk any of the mare’s milk.” What is the veterinarian’s most likely course of action?
A. Administering plasma intravenously
B. Force-feeding goat’s milk to supplement the lacking immunity
C. Waiting 24 hours to see if the foal suckles
D. Using a commercial cow nipple to force the foal to drink
2. You’ve just observed a dog rubbing its anal area along the waiting room floor. You deduce that the dog may be suffering from
A. constipation.
B. colon infection.
C. colic.
D. anal sac impaction.
3. To be eligible to donate blood, the donor cat should
A. not be vaccinated for any diseases.
B. have a PCV level of 25%.
C. weigh at least 4 kgs.
D. be positive for blood type AB.
4. To provide adequate dental prophylaxis at home, how often should an owner be prepared to remove plaque from the animal’s teeth?
A. Every two days
B. Every six months
C. Once a week
D. Once a month
5. What factor is generally used to determine the start of geriatric health care services for dogs?
A. Breed
B. Lifestyle
C. Weight
D. Diet
6. You’re assisting with the cross-matching of blood from a donor dog for transfusion into another dog. After the three tests for compatibility are performed, a high degree of agglutination is present. What does this indicate about the transfusion?
A. The donor blood is highly compatible and the transfusion should be performed immediately.
B. The transfusion should be performed only in an emergency situation.
C. The blood should be centrifuged for another minute to break up any clumping, and then used for the transfusion.
D. The transfusion shouldn’t be performed because the donor blood and recipient blood are incompatible.
7. You’ve been asked to assist a veterinarian on a house call. A client has reported that his horse appears to have a painful condition of the hoof. Upon inspection, an infection of the frog is present. This condition is known as
A. laminitis.
B. thrush.
C. cracks.
D. horn.
8. A client asks you how often she should bathe her dog during the winter months. The dog is healthy and has no skin conditions that require additional treatment. What would you tell her?
A. Once a month
B. Once every three months
C. Once a week
D. Every other week
9. Mary Beth and Jude are discussing dental prophylaxis. Mary Beth says that a veterinary assistant may remove plaque from an animal’s teeth. Jude says the veterinary assistant would remove diseased teeth. Who is correct?
A. Only Jude is correct.
B. Both are correct.
C. Only Mary Beth is correct.
D. Neither is correct.
10. Which of the following is true of using cold therapy on an injured animal?
A. A cold pack should be applied directly to an animal’s skin to be fully effective.
B. Cold packs should be applied for 45 minutes, with 5 to 20 minutes between
applications.
C. Cold therapy is most effective when applied within 48 hours of an injury.
D. Large wounds should be immersed completely in cold water to help clean the wound and promote healing.
11. You’re performing an external ear canal cleaning on a dog that has been brought into your veterinary clinic. What is the first step you’ll take to clean the ear canal?
A. Flush the ear canal with a rubber bulb syringe.
B. Remove any hair present in the ear canal.
C. Apply a wax-softening agent to the ear canal.
D. Dry the ear canal with clean cotton swabs.
12. A fever is a possible consequence of a blood transfusion due to
A. the blood donor had a viral infection.
B. a transfusion reaction.
C. the transfused animal is suffering from hypothermia.
D. the transfused blood was too hot.
13. Which of the following is true of feeding an orphan foal?
A. Milk preparations formulated for other animals are generally sufficient for foals.
B. Orphan foals will nurse from commercial cow nipples.
C. Foals without a strong suck reflex should be fed by a nasogastric tube.
D. Commercial milk replacers are palatable and very healthy for young foals.
15. Jose and Walt are discussing types of parasites. Jose says that the parasite that lives on its host is an endoparasite. Walt says that the type of parasite that lives on its host is an ectoparasite. Who’s correct?
A. Both are correct.
B. Only Walt is correct.
C. Neither is correct.
D. Only Jose is correct.
16. A rancher was having problems with the liver fluke Fasciola hepatica in the cattle on the ranch. The rancher treated the cattle with an insecticide, plowed the pasture in the early spring and again in summer, fenced off the pond in the center of the pasture, and fenced the pasture to keep out deer. The next year there was no problem with Fasciola hepatica in the new calves. Which one of these actions was responsible for the rancher’s success in controlling the problem?
A. Treating the cattle with an insecticide
B. Fencing the pasture
C. Plowing the pasture in the spring and summer
D. Fencing the pond
17. Which of the following parasites is a single-cell animal?
A. Arachnids
B. Nematodes
C. Tapeworm
D. Protozoans
18. A farmer has just moved his swine from an outdoor pig sty into a new barn with concrete floors in an effort to prevent parasite problems. However, the sow’s first litter develops diarrhea, and the veterinarian diagnoses a threadworm infection. Why didn’t the concrete floor prevent this infection in the piglets?
A. The parasite is passed by direct contact between pigs.
B. The eggs of the threadworm survive even when they’re dry.
C. The infective stage of the threadworm is carried by flies.
D. Dormant larvae in the sow’s body “woke up” and passed to the piglets through the milk.
19. A local zookeeper set up a reptile exhibit containing a number of different snakes, lizards, and turtles. All the reptiles were captive-bred. The meat-eating snakes were fed captive-bred mice and wild-caught frogs. Several months later most of the snakes and some of the lizards had died of infections due to the snake amoeba Entamoeba invadens. What did the zookeeper do wrong that allowed the infections to take place?
A. The snakes were fed wild-caught frogs.
B. The zookeeper did nothing wrong; all snakes have the amoeba, but only rarely does it cause a problem.
C. The turtles shouldn’t have been housed with the snakes.
D. The lizards shouldn’t have been housed with the snakes.
20. Which parasite is a flat worm with the life cycle of egg, several larval states and adult?
A. Arachnids
B. Protozoans
C. Nematodes
D. Trematodes