HUI 25.doc

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41. The receives sensory information very directly and quickly, bypassing the cortex and allowing persons to respond to potential danger before they really know what’s happening.
a. midbrain
b. left hemisphere
c. right hemisphere
d. amygdala
42. you have just narrowly missed hitting a car that pulled out in front of you. Your heart is pounding, your throat is dry, your hands are trembling, and you are sweating. Your reactions
a. were caused by the somatic nervous system.
b. are innate, automatic, and nearly universal.
c. will disappear as quickly as they originally occurred.
d. all of these.
43. the actions of the sympathetic branch of the autonomic nervous system
a. increases digestion
b. improve one’s chances of surviving an emergency
c. constricts the pupils of the eyes
d. calm the body after a person has experienced intense arousal
44. sudden death can occur
a. due to a parasympathetic rebound in reasonably healthy
people
b. due to the sympathetic effect in older persons or those with
heart problems.
c. when the blood pressure is lowered too much
d. all of these
45. the use of lie detectors to screen job applicants and check the honesty of employees is questionable because
a. it is a serious invasion of privacy
b. it cannot discriminate between different emotions, such as
lying and anxiety.
c. its accuracy is doubtful.
d. all of these
46. which of the following results would support the conclusion that emotional expression is universal?
a. sticking out one’s tongue in China as a gesture of surprise,
not teasing.
b. children born blind show the same emotional expressions as
sighted children.
c. facial expressions of basic emotions are different from those
listed by Plutchik
as primary.
d. all of these would support the conclusion that emotional
expressions are universal.
47. Marilyn has just entered the room. Anna and Larrita both smile at Marilyn, as evidenced by the corners of their mouth. However, Larrita also makes crinkles or crow’s feet in the outside corners of her eyes when she smiles. Anna’s smile is a(n) smile; Larrita’s smile is a(n) smile.
a. social; forced
b. Duchenne; social
c. authentic; Duchenne
d. forced; authentic
48. positive feelingsin America emphasize the ; in japan, positive feelings emphasize the .
a. individual; individual
b. group; group
c. individual; group
d. group; individual
49. it is most accurate to say that body language communicate
a. unconscious feelings the sender wishes to conceal.
b. only feelings of pleasantness-unpleasantness
c. an overall emotional tone
d. specific and detailed messages
50. regarding body language, which of the following statements is FALSE?
a. body language reveals one’s overall emotional state.
b. a person sitting with his or her arms tightly crossed is a
consistent signal that this person is in total disagreement
with what you are saying.
c. liking is expressed mainly by leaning toward a person or
object.
d. if another person copies your gestures and physical
postures, you are more inclined to like them.
51. a kinesic expert has determined that Jake is lying because his use of gestures called have decrease and the gestures called have increased.
a. illustrators emblems; emblems
b. emblems; illustrators
c. indicators; illustrators
d. emblems; indicators
52. After night class, your are walking back to your car when you catch a glimpse of someone running up behind you. You quickly turn and brace for a possible attack, but the student runs on by. It is only after you reacted to the possible attack that you realized that you felt afraid. Reacting before experiencing the feeling is BEST explained by which theory of emotions?
a. attribution theory
b. Schachter’s cognitive theory
c. Cannon-Bard theory
d. James-Lange theory
53. you and your mother are riding one of the fastest roller coasters in the country. Your interpretation of your adrenaline rush is delight, while your mother interprets her adrenaline rush as fear. Your different interpretations illustrate which theory of emotions?
a. the common sense theory
b. the James-Lange theory
c. Schachter’s cognitive theory
d. the Cannon-Bard theory
54. According to Valins, how we interpret arousal is determined by
a. hypothalamic activity
b. thalamic activity
c. limbic system feedback
d. the attributions we make
55. According to Lazarus, people tend to give personal meaning to any stimulus, evaluating it as good or bad, threatening or supportive, relevant or irrelevant, and so on. This illustrates
a. emotional appraisal
b. individual attribution
c. cognitive distinction
d. facial feedback
56. Which theory of emotion BEST explains how “putting on a happy face” can actually make you feel better?
a. Cannon-Bard theory
b. facial feedback hypothesis
c. Schachter’s cognitive theory
d. common sense theory
57. A common bond between all of the theories of emotion described in the text is that they consider an element of emotion.
a. attribution
b. kinesics
c. cognition
d. physiological arousal
58. Regarding the contemporary view of emotion, which of the following statements is/are TRUE?
a. emotional stimuli may be an external object or event or an
internal memory.
b. the intensity of an emotional feeling is directly related to the
amount of
autonomic nervous system arousal taking place in the body.
c. how one appraises a situation greatly affects one’s emotions.
d. all of these
59. Jeanie tends to be comfortable in any situation and has the ability to make others feel the same way. She knows how to comfort her friends when they are feeling down, to encourage them in their struggles, and to share their joy when they succeed. Jeanie exhibits a great deal of
a. intuition
b. kinesic sensitivity
c. emotional intelligence
d. creative thinking
60. Tamika was diagnosed with stomach cancer and had her stomach surgically removed. After the operation, she probably
a. felt hungrier and ate more
b. continued to feel hungry and to eat regularly
c. felt less hungry and ate much less
d. starved since she could not eat