HUI 23.doc

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1. While studying in the library, Kayleigh became very hungry and went to a vending machine which was empty, and to the cafeteria which was closed. So she drove home and cooked herself a meal and ate it, satisfying her hunger. This food-seeking behavior was initiated by a bodily need with her search being sustained and directed to various food sources until her need was met. This illustrates
a. motivation
b. behavioral dieting.
c. the opponent process theory
d. the Yerkes-Dodson law
2. If your body is dehydrated, but you’re not thirsty, we would say that you have
a. a drive but not a need
b. a need but not a drive
c. both a drive and a need
d. neither one of them
3. you’ve just eaten a large meal and feel extremely full. Then, the waiter tells you about their signature dessert. “Death by Chocolate.” Your ordering of this dessert is best explained by
a. drive reduction
b. an internal need
c. an incentive value
d. homeostasis
4. Thomas Edison, who patented over 1000 inventions, was interested in exploring new ideas and ways of doing things. His insatiable curiosity would be called a
a. stimulus motive
b. primary motive
c. learned motive
d. survival motive
5. On the basis of religious faith, a starving Hindu refuses to eat beef that has been made available to him. In this case, it might be said that a has overpowered a .
a. learned motive; primary motive
b. stimulus motive; biological need
c. primary motive; learned motive
d. basic need; stimulus motive
6. About 10 minutes after Janice starts her 30-minute walk on the treadmill, she begins to perspire, which helps to cool her off. Her body’s tendency to maintain normal body temperature is a function of
a. instinct
b. drive
c. social learning
d. homeostasis
7. Martha is flying east from Chicago to Stockholm. What advice would you give her to help her prevent “jet lag”?
a. arrange to fly late in the day since she’s flying east.
b. begin to pre-adapt her sleep-and-waking cycle to Stockholm
time
c. when she arrives in Stockholm, she needs to stay indoors
until her body adapts.
d. all of these
8. Clarence suffered a stroke that destroyed his lateral hypothalamus. This damage is likely to cause
a. refuse to eat
b. never feel full
c. overeat
d. experience massive weight gain without overeating.
9. regarding the set point, fat cells and obesity, which of the following is FALSE?
a. Roughly 65% of adults in the USA are overweight.
b. your set point is the weight you maintain when you are
making no effort to gain or loose weight.
c. when your body goes below its set point, you’ll feel hungry
most of the time.
d. Leptin is released from fat cells and tells yor brain that you
need to eat more.
10. 18-year-old Marie has gained weight since starting college because she tends to eat with her friends at “all-you-can-eat” buffets near campus. Her weight gain is most likely due in this case to
a. external eating cues
b. depression
c. her set point
d. her lowered basal metabolism
11. regarding factors that influence eating, which of the following is/are TRUE?
a. Tastes for “normal” foods don’t vary all that much.
b. if you are well fed, Leptin dulls the tongue’s sensitivity to
seet tastes.
c. people with weight problems are less likely to eat when they
are angry or anxious than when they are sad or depressed.
d. all of these are true.
12. Susan has been undergoing chemotherapy. Because the drugs used in this treatment cause nausea, susan may experience
a. bulimia nervosa
b. homeostasis
c. a taste aversion
d. anorexia nervosa
13. Cultural values influence hunger primarily by affecting
a. how wide a selection of foods are available in the
environment
b. the set point of a person’s body fat.
c. the incentive value of various foods
d. our innate sense of what constitutes good food.
14. all of the following are means of achieving a successful weight loss program using behavioral dieting EXCEPT
a. learning to weaken personal eating cues
b. using biofeedback techniques to break habitual eating
c. counting calories
d. exercise
15. Amber is slightly above her normal weight. She feels that she has no control over her eating and often consumes large quantities of food in only an hour or so. Amber then either makes herself vomit or resorts to excessive exercise or fasting to prevent weight gain. From these observations, it appears that amber is suffering from
a. anorexia nervosa
b. bulimia nervosa
c. the taste aversion paradox
d. the behavioral dieting syndrome
16. regarding eating disorders, which of the following is FALSE?
a. people engaged in sports, such as wrestling, pole vaulting,
high jumping, andcycling, are less likely to develop eating
disorders.
b. the current popularity of fitness and exercise has contributed
to the rise in eating disorders.
c. Men and women who suffer from eating disorders have
distorted views in themselves and low self-esteem.
d. Most people suffering from eating disorders will not seek
help on their own, especially men.
17. treatment for anorexia nervosa and bulimia include
a. giving drugs to people with anorexia to relieve the obsessive
fears of gaining weight.
b. behavioral counseling for people with bulimia that involves selt-monitoring of food intake.
c. cognitive-behavioral therapy to change thinking patterns.
d. all of these
18. you have been doing lawn work and trimming hedges in the hot summer sun,and have been perspiring profusely. You will have an thirst that will best be quenched by drinking .
a. extracellular; a slightly salty liquid
b. extracellular; plain water
c. intracellular; a slightly salty liquid
d. intracellular; plain water
19. thirst and sleepiness are , while pain avoidance is .
a. episodic, cyclical
b. cyclical; episodic
c. unaffected by external incentives; affected by external
incentives.
d. affected by early experiences and learning; unaffected by
early experiences and learning.
20. pain avoidance is unusual among the primary drives because it is
a. cyclic rather than episodic
b. unaffected by attitudes and learning
c. characterized by avoidance rather than goal-seeking
d. all of these