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lease arrangement. The lease requires AA to make annual lease payments of $500,000 at the beginning of each of the next 12 years. Determine the present value of the lease payments if the opportunity cost of funds is 14 percent.

Five years ago, the City of Baltimore sold at par a $1,000 bond with a coupon rate of 8 percent and 20 years to maturity. If this bond pays interest semiannually, what is the value of this bond to an investor who requires an 8 percent rate of return?