Penn Foster 406270RR

1. Carlos, recently convicted of his second DUI, has been given probation and is assigned to Lauren, a probation officer. What supervision level will Lauren likely use for Carlos?
A. Limit-setting
B. Selective intervention
C. Environmental structure
D. Casework/control

2. Under discretionary parole, who determines whether parole is granted?

A. The parole officer
B. The court
C. The parole board
D. The warden of the prison

3. Which of the following is most accurate regarding rehabilitation programming?

A. The consensus is that nothing really works.
B. It receives ample funding to accomplish its purposes.
C. It almost always works if properly implemented.
D. It enjoys modest success in terms of reducing recidivism.

4.Which of the following is least related to probation?

A. Judicial reprieve
B. Community corrections
C. Mandatory sentencing
D. Supervised release

5.Which of the following is true regarding crime and corrections in the United States?

A.Violent crime rates have increased steadily since 1994, but incarceration has dropped by 24 percent.

B.Compared to other countries, the United States has similar crime rates but a much higher incarceration rate.

C.Between 1980 and 2009, the number of people on probation nearly doubled.

D.Crime rates, incarceration rates, and sentence lengths have all increased since 1992, resulting in widespread overcrowded
prison conditions.

6.Manuel and Lauren are discussing criminal rehabilitation. Manuel says that the medical model of criminal
behavior saw crime as a moral sickness that required treatment. Lauren says that under the medical model
of criminal behavior, prisoners would receive counseling, therapy, and college education. Who is correct?

A.Neither is correct.
B.Only Manuel is correct.
C.Only Laruen is correct.
D.Both are correct.

7. Will and José are discussing mentally ill offenders. Will says that mentally ill persons improve their
mental states by abusing alcohol or drugs. José says that the mentally ill are overrepresented in prisons
because of their tendency toward violence and substance abuse. Who is correct?

A.Both are correct.
B.Only Will is correct.
C.Neither is correct.
D.Only José is correct.

8. Which of the following is a due process right in parole revocation hearings?

A.The opportunity for a hearing before a judge
B.The right to an attorney provided at state expense
C.The right to a search warrant before evidence is seized
D.The opportunity to present witnesses

9.Under the RNR model, the two “Rs” stand for risk and


10. Which of the following is true regarding electronic monitoring?

A.It’s primarily a form of intensive probation.
B.It can be used for surveillance, as well as monitoring.
C.It’s an expensive alternative to probation or parole.
D.Prisoners may not leave their home for any reason.

11. Which of the following is not a dynamic risk factor?

B.Behavior patterns
D.Substance abuse

12.Which of the following countries has an incarceration rate closest to that of the United States?

A. Japan
B. Canada
C. Ireland
D. Russia

13. Regarding private corrections facilities, it is true that they
A. cost less to operate.
B. do a better job of rehabilitating prisoners.
C. can be built faster than public facilities.
D. are more resistant to corruption and escapes.

14. Which of the following is one of the operating principles of prison superintendent Alexander

A. Sentences should be seen in terms of tasks to be completed.
B. Gender therapy and poetry help reduce recidivism.
C. Prison sentences should be fixed to a defined time.
D. The security of the facility outweighs the rights of prisoners

15. Cognitive-behavior therapy attempts to solve dysfunctional behaviors
A. in a relatively short time.
B. as part of long-term therapy.
C. through a nonscientific approach.
D. through psychoanalysis.

16. All of the following statements about probation are true except which one?

A.Probation eases the financial burden of the community by not sending minor offenders to jail.

B.Offering probation to a minor criminal doesn’t benefit the community in any way.

C.Some members of society view probation as the offender getting away with the crime.

D.Some offenders actually prefer prison over the demands of probation.

17. The focus of community corrections is to

A.involve the community in preventing violent crime.
B.generate revenue to fund prisons. offenders reestablish law-abiding roles in the community.
D.punish offenders and prevent recidivism.

18.Restorative justice is the goal of
A. ISPs.
B. correctional boot camp.
D. probation.

19. Which of the following is a characteristic of professionalism in corrections?
A. Pay commensurate with job requirements
B. Providing goods and services through the private sector

C. Running the corrections facility in a businesslike way
D. Independent decision making by correctional officers

Which of the following is not a positive outcome from decarceration?

A. Less opportunities for people to age out of crime and contribute to their communities
B. Less incarceration of minorities
C. Less tax dollars devoted to incarcerating people
D. Less incarceration of low-level offenders