Penn Foster 40554200 Contexts for Development

Exam 40554200 — Contexts for Development

1. Eva plays near other children with similar materials but doesn’t try to influence their behavior. She’s involved in
A. nonsocial activity. C. parallel play.
B. associative play. D. cooperative play.

2. Professor Kinship views the family as a complex of interacting relationships influenced by the larger social context. Professor Kinship endorses the _______ perspective of family.
A. social systems C. ethological
B. dynamic systems D. behaviorist

3. Children first acquire skills for interacting with peers
A. from cartoon characters.
B. from child-care workers.
C. when they begin formal schooling.
D. within the family.

4. _______ has the highest divorce rate in the world.
A. Canada C. Italy
B. New Zealand D. The United States

5. Which student is most likely to express interest in computers and rate his or her
computer skills as “excellent”?
A. A high-SES girl C. A low-SES girl
B. A high-SES boy D. A low-SES boy

6. The most common form of the blended family is a _______ arrangement.
A. mother-stepfather C. grandparent-grandchild
B. father-stepmother D. mother–foster mother

7. Parents start to socialize their children in earnest during
A. the first year, when babies can interact socially.
B. the second year, when toddlers are first able to comply with parental directions.
C. the preschool years, when children start formal schooling.
D. early adolescence, when per pressure is strongest.

8. Friendships start to become more complex and psychologically based during the stage of Friendship as
A. Mutual Trust and Assistance.
B. Commitment.
C. Intimacy, Mutual Understanding, and Loyalty.
D. a Handy Playmate.
9. Which form of child maltreatment is most commonly reported?
A. Physical abuse C. Sexual abuse
B. Neglect D. Emotional abuse

10. Mr. and Mrs. Lopez are highly accepting and involved with their children. They’re warm,
attentive, and sensitive to their needs. The Lopez’s are using a/an _______ childrearing
style.
A. authoritarian C. permissive
B. uninvolved D. authoritative

11. A decrease in competition and increased harmony are two positive outcomes of
A. traditional classrooms.
B. homogeneous grouping arrangements.
C. multigrade classrooms.
D. mainstreaming.

12. _______ are especially likely to profit from extracurricular pursuits that require them
to take on meaningful roles and responsibilities.
A. Overweight adolescents
B. Adolescents with physical limitations
C. Adolescents with academic, emotional, and social problems
D. Popular-prosocial adolescents

13. Research indicates that the link between family size and children’s IQ can be explained by the
A. Flynn effect.
B. strong trend for mothers lower in intelligence to give birth to more children.
C. strong trend for mothers higher in intelligence to give birth to more children.
D. growing use of birth-control techniques.

14. Compared with popular-aggressive children, rejected-aggressive children are
A. more socially skilled.
B. less antagonistic and more prosocial.
C. more often extremely antagonistic.
D. popular with younger peers.

15. Most of the 1,500 children who die from maltreatment each year
A. are under age five.
B. are adolescents.
C. leave siblings behind who remain with the abusive parents.
D. had been referred to the social-services system, but their case hadn’t yet been
investigated.

16. Anxious, withdrawn children who _______ seem better equipped to withstand peer
attacks.
A. take self-defense classes
B. learn to project a sense of false bravado
C. learn meditation techniques
D. who have a prosocial best friend

17. Sixteen-year-old Bonita strives to develop a sense of herself as a separate, selfgoverning individual. Bonita is developing
A. maturation. C. coregulation.
B. autonomy. D. adolescence.

18. Which child probably watches TV most often?
A. Bonnie, from a low-SES family
B. Brynn, whose parents only watch the news
C. Brandi, who comes from a small family
D. Brenda, from a high-SES family

19. In dual-earner families, the father’s _______ is crucial to the emotional health of the
mother.
A. earning potential
B. attitude toward career-oriented women
C. work schedule
D. willingness to share child-care responsibilities

20. In Mr. Yi’s classroom, students participate in a wide range of challenging activities with teachers and peers, with whom they jointly construct understandings. Mr. Yi most likely teaches in a _______ classroom.
A. philosophical C. social-constructivist
B. traditional D. Montessori