Penn Foster 007501RR

007501RR THE BAROQUE ERA

1. Music work performed in a series is called a/an
A. suite.
B. allemande.
C. sonata.
D. fugue.

2. The musical instrument referred to as the “King of Instruments” is the
A. human voice.
B. violin.
C. tuba.
D. organ.

3. A lyrical movement or piece for solo voice with instrumental accompaniment is called a/an
A. operetta.
B. aria.
C. ostinato.
D. chorus.

4. All of the following instruments would be likely to play the basso continuo in a Baroque musical piece
except the
A. harpsichord.
B. cello.
C. lute.
D. violin.

5. A _______ performance usually requires the musicians to embellish the part written for them.
A. canzona
B. passacaglia
C. transcripted
D. virtuoso

6. The group of instruments accompanying a solo singer in an opera is known collectively as the
A. orchestra.
B. basso continuo.
C. chorus.
D. harmonic ensemble.

7. The form of the melody called the bar form is represented by
A. ABA.
B. ABB.
C. AAB.
D. ABBA.

8. When instruments double the voices by playing the same notes sung by a chorus, the music is
considered to have
A. syncopation.
B. unified timbre.
C. contrasting timbre.
D. paired movement.

9. The _______ is a musical form that utilizes multiple soloists.
A. chorale prelude
B. concerto grosso
C. sarabande
D. Gothic motet

10. The rigaudon is a fast, often cheerful dance in _______ meter.
A. single
B. duple
C. triple
D. ternary

11. The main theme of a fugue is called the
A. melody.
B. exposition.
C. episode.
D. subject.

12. Which of the following is the type of polyphony used in a fugue?
A. Middle entry
B. Episodic
C. Fugal exposition
D. Imitative counterpoint

13. The Baroque period began around the year
A. 1500.
B. 1750.
C. 1050.
D. 1600.

14. Handel’s Messiah is classified as a/an
A. oratorio.
B. opera.
C. cantata.
D. chorale.

15. What is the difference between an oratorio and an opera?
A. An oratorio doesn’t include an aria and an opera does.
B. An oratorio doesn’t include recitatives.
C. The opera is based on a sacred topic and an oratorio isn’t.
D. An opera is staged and an oratorio isn’t.

16. Instrumental work written for a soloist and a larger ensemble is called a
A. fugue.
B. concerto.
C. cantata.
D. prelude.

17. A da capo aria opens with two contrasting sections, A and B. What will the singer do after singing the
B section?
A. End the aria
B. Sing the A section again
C. Go to the C section
D. Repeat the B section

18. An instruments-only piece played at the opening of an opera is known as a/an
A. aria.
B. procession.
C. prima prattica.
D. overture.

19. The first opera to win widespread acclaim was
A. Handel’s Messiah.
B. Handel’s Rinaldo.
C. Purcell’s Dido and Aeneas.
D. Monteverdi’s Orpheus.

20. The most popular oratorio is
A. Orpheus.
B. Messiah.
C. Der Messias.
D. Aeneas.