Multiple Choice Answers

1. Which of the following is a hiring principle (or are hiring principles) of the merit-based civil service system?
open competition
political experience
open competition, competence, and political neutrality

2. Which of the following are sources of US law?
US and state constitutions and statutes
judicial decisions and executive orders
administrative and regulatory law
All of the above

3. The Magna Carta of 1215 was significant to the creation of common law because
it provided the monarchy with greater power over its subjects.
it was the first document to list the rights and protections granted to individuals in England.
it was the first document to establish checks and balances in a divided government.
it established the unfair and arbitrary actions by the monarchy were the right of the monarchy because it was a sovereign government.

4. All of the following programs are examples of in-kind government assistance, except:
Pell grants for college students.
Medicaid, Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) and Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF).
tax breaks and subsidies to individuals and corporations.
the Federal Deposit Insurance Commission (FDIC).

5. After President and Vice President, who is next in line of Presidential succession?
President Pro Temp
Speaker of the House
Secretary of Defense
Secretary of State

6. The work of drafting legislation on a specific issue, rewriting leglislation, having hearings on legislation, and often killing legislation before it is ever voted on is the work of the
House or Senate special committee.
House or Senate select committee.
full body of the House and Senate.
the House or Senate standing committee.

7. The President’s authority to suppress information that he deems to be of national security importance is called
the War Powers Act.
invoking the 5th amendment.
Executive privilege.
Clear and present danger.

8. Rising income inequality in the United States meant
that the gap in the proportion of national income held by the wealthiest few at the top of the income ladder from the many in the lower rungs grew substantially in the early 1900s.
that American families in the early 1900s were forced to rely on the income brought home by their children to help pay the bills.
that the federal government eventually implemented workplace regulations and regulated capitalism as industrialization grew.
All of the above.

9. Government policy that attempts to manage the economy by controlling taxing and spending is known as
public policy
monetary policy
budgetary policy
fiscal policy

10. Talking endlessly on the Senate floor with the hope of killing a bill not favored by a Senator describes
Collective bargaining
Rules Committee

11. Using the courts to determine the constitutionality of a law or act of Congress is called:
Judicial Review
Item Veto
Concurrent power
Courts of Appeal

12. The Supreme Court’s jurisdiction is primarily

13. The economic theory arguing that government spending should increase during economic recessions and be curbed during booms is called
supply-side economics
Keynesian economics
laissez-fair economics
libertarian economics

14. The politics-administration dichotomy describes a line that exists between politics (the creation of policy and the allocation of resources to carry it out) and administration of policy (how a policy is carried out). Yet, the expertise of bureaucrats is often used in many phases of the policy adoption and implementation process. Which stage does your text indicate that bureaucrats have the least influence?
Agenda setting – not 100% sure on this one.
Policy formation
Policy approval
Resource allocation and policy implementation

15. What majority is needed for Congress to check presidential power by overriding a presidential veto?

16. Under the provisions of the Clean Air Act of 1970, who was given enforcement responsibility for air quality standards?
local governments
the states
the Department of the Interior
the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

17. Which event forced the United States to adopt national energy policies?
World War II
the Vietnam War
OPEC embargo of 1973
the first Persian Gulf War

18. The President serves as
Diplomatic Chief
Commander in Chief
Chief Legislator
All of the above

19. The Bush Doctrine developed what kind of policy?
Containment policy
Unilateral action
Roll-back policy
Domino theory

20. In formulating foreign and national security policy, the President surrounds himself with the National Security Council. This consists of the Vice President, the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of the Treasury, and who else in the executive branch as his closest advisers?
The Press Secretary
The Speaker of the House.
National Security Adviser and the Secretary of State
All of the above