Multiple Choice Answers

Question 1
Who was the CEO of Enron that Sherron Watkin’s blew the whistle on?
A. Joseph Berardino
B. Jeffery Skilling
C. Bernard Ebbers
D. Kenneth Lay

Question 2
When an employee discovers evidence of malpractice or misconduct in an organization, he or she faces a(n):
A. ethical dilemma.
B. cut and dry situation.
C. legal decision.
D. everyday occurrence.

Question 3
A(n) __________ whistleblower is an employee who discovers corporate misconduct and brings it to the attention of his supervisor, who then follows established procedures to address the misconduct within the organization.
A. external
B. internal
C. organizational
D. governmental

Question 4
A(n) __________ whistleblower is an employee discovering corporate misconduct and chooses to bring it to the attention of law enforcement agencies and/or the media.
A. external
B. internal
C. organizational
D. governmental

Question 5
It may be argued that whistleblowers provide:
A. a positive image of their organization.
B. an invaluable service to their organization.
C. investors an unrealistic outlook of a company.
D. a disservice to the public.

Question 6
Whistleblowers are often portrayed as __________ in the media.
A. devious
B. fraudulent
C. honorable
D. deceitful

Question 7
All of the following can cause a whistleblower to lose legitimacy EXCEPT which one?
A. Motivated by financial gains
B. Motivated by media attention
C. The employee is carrying out a personal vendetta
D. The employee is trying to protect the public

Question 8
The potential for financial gain in some areas of corporate whistle-blowing can be:
A. small.
B. personally devastating.
C. considerable.
D. minuscule.

Question 9
Whether the motivation to speak out and reveal questionable behavior came from a personal ethical decision or the potential for a substantial financial windfall will:
A. probably never be completely verified.
B. always be verified.
C. be verified the majority of the time.
D. always be sought after.

Question 10
One of the first instances of the use of the term whistleblower was in:
A. 1970.
B. 1963.
C. 1955.
D. 1941.

Question 11
What year did public awareness of whistleblowers reach a peak?
A. 1998
B. 2000
C. 2002  ???
D. 2004

Question 12
Which of the following women was NOT recognized by Times magazine as their “Person of the Year.”
A. Martha Jenkins
B. Cynthia Cooper
C. Coleen Rowley
D. Sherron Watkins

Question 13
Employees are becoming __________ to respond to any questionable behavior they observe in the workplace.
A. less willing
B. hesitant
C. uncooperative
D. increasingly willing

Question 14
Prior to __________, legal protection for whistleblowers existed only in the form of legislation that encouraged the moral behavior of employees who felt themselves compelled to speak out, without offering any safeguards against retaliation aimed at them.
A. 2000
B. 2002
C. 2004
D. 2006

Question 15
All of the following are possible damages entitled by employees who prevail in their whistleblower cases EXCEPT:
A. interest.
B. back pay.
C. all compensatory damages to make the employee whole.
D. reinstatement to a higher seniority status.

Question 16
Given the new legal environment surrounding whistleblowers, all employers would be wise to put the following mechanisms in place EXCEPT:
A. a detailed report of all investigations, documenting all corporate officers involved and all actions taken.
B. a well-defined process to document how such complaints are handled.
C. an employee hotline to file such complaints.
D. a prompt and thorough investigation of serious complaints.

Question 17
A(n) __________ hotline is a telephone line where employees can leave messages to alert a company of suspected misconduct without revealing their identity.
A. whistleblower
B. employee crisis
C. company
D. legal

Question 18
The fact that an employee is left with no option but to “go public” with the information should be seen as evidence that:
A. the employee is unhappy with the organization’s decision and is seeking the media’s help to persuade the corporation.
B. the organization is trying to gauge the seriousness of the situation by pushing their employee.
C. the organization has failed to address the situation internally for the long-term betterment of the corporation.
D. the organization feels that the situation does not merit the employee’s evidence.

Question 19
If an employee brings the misconduct of an organization to the attention of law-enforcement officials, this action is referred to as __________ whistleblowing.
A. external
B. organizational
C. internal
D. legal

Question 20
If there is evidence that the employee is motivated by the opportunity for financial gain or media attention, the act of whistle-blowing may be:
A. difficult.
B. ignored.
C. external.
D. unethical.