Multiple Choice Answers

1. The _______ is a xylophone-like instrument with tubular resonators under each bar.
A. suspended cymbal
B. marimba
C. timbales
End of exam
D. conga
2. The first African American to have a major opera performed by a major American opera company was
A. William Grant Still.
B. Robert Johnson.
C. Langston Hughes.
D. Scott Joplin.

3. Which one of the following composers is best known for promoting aleatory music?
A. John Cage
B. Béla Bartók
C. Franz Wozzek
D. Richard Strauss

4. Public Enemy’s abrasive rap recording “Fight the Power” has a basic pulse of _______ beats per minute.
A. 60
B. 106
C. 86
D. 120

5. A repeated melodic and rhythmic figure in the lower register of the piano is typical of the Afro-Cuban
dance music known as
A. reggae.
B. salsa.
C. mambo.
D. guaguanco.
6. A chromatic scale consists entirely of
A. whole steps.
B. tonal centers.
C. quarter steps.
D. half steps.

7. Einstein on a Beach was a unique opera because it
A. had no plot and very little singing.
B. was written in Chinese.
C. was exclusively recitative.
D. had a single violinist.

8. Which of the following composers wrote the music for West Side Story?
A. Leonard Bernstein
B. George M. Cohan
C. Jerome Kern
D. Cole Porter

9. John Cage’s 4’33” is an example of _______ music.
A. silent
B. aleatory
C. achromatic
D. idiosyncratic

10. The progression of four basic chords that was used in many popular songs of the 1950s and 1960s is
referred to as _______ chord progression.
A. vamp
B. doo-wop
C. bebop
D. pop

11. _______ music is based on frequent repetition (with small variations) of a small musical idea.
A. Ostinato
B. Minimalist
C. Rap
D. Atonal

12. For the movie Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon, Chinese-American _______ was enlisted to play the
cello to offset the Asian-sounding erhu.
A. Ang Lee
B. Yo-Yo Ma
C. Tan Dun
D. Xiaohui Ma

13. Which of John Cage’s works has been perceived by some as a joke?
A. Einstein on a Beach
B. 4’33”
C. Imaginary Landscape no. 4
D. Illiac Suite

14. Tamra says that the difference between an opera and a musical is that the opera includes more spoken word than singing. Eduardo says that the musical contains singing with some spoken dialog. Who is correct
in citing the difference?
A. Both Tamra and Eduardo
B. Tamra
C. Neither Tamra nor Eduardo
D. Eduardo

15. A musical style that combines traditional and modern elements is called
A. minimalism.
B. exhibitionism.
C. modernism.
D. postmodernism.

16. The musician who ushered in the twentieth-century era of virtuosic rock guitar playing was
A. Brian Wilson.
B. Chet Atkins.
C. Chuck Berry.
D. Jimi Hendrix.

17. The type of music that blended the musical styles of jump blues and honky-tonk was
A. rock ‘n’ roll.
B. hip hop.
C. jazz.
D. Motown.

18. Notes that begin a phrase before a downbeat are known as pick-up notes or a/an
A. shuffle groove.
B. anacrusis.
C. duck walk.
D. call and response.
19. Agnes de Mille choreographed Aaron Copland’s Rodeo to blend
A. square dance with Irish jig.
B. ballet with square dance.
C. ballet with tap.
D. jazz with ballet.

20. In the song “Tonight” from the musical West Side Story, the composer distributed two basic melodies
among different characters to create a kind of _______, in which nothing disappears but new layers are
constantly introduced.
A. dissonant form
B. consonant counterpoint
C. additive form
D. layered presence