Multiple Choice Answers

1. In what case did the Court declare that the Constitution protected freedom of speech and of the press from abridgement by state and local governments
Gitlow v. New York
Employment Division v. Smith
United States v. O’Brien
Barron v. Baltimore

2. What do the Establishment Clause and the Free Exercise Clause of the First Amendment achieve?
ensure that individuals are not hindered in exercising their religion
bar the practicing of religion on public property
bar any kind of religious expression on public property
bar the government from establishing a national religion, from favoring one group over another, and from interfering with individual religious practices

3. Which case, decided in 1965, first firmly established the right to privacy?
Griswold v. Connecticut
Lemon v. Kurtzman
Loving v. Virginia
Engel v. Vitale

4. The question of whether the First Amendment protects the right to burn a draft card is an issue concerning freedom of
Expressive conduct
Commercial Speech

5. What amendment gave women the right to vote

6. Identify the correct chronological order among the following:
primary election, general election, candidate nomination
primary election, candidate nomination, general election
candidate nomination, primary election, general election
general election, candidate nomination, primary election

7. Which 1857 Supreme Court decision set the stage for the Civil War by mobilizing the abolitionist movement?
Brown v. Board of Education
Marbury v. Madison
Dred Scott v. Sandford
Lochner v. Ellison

8. Contributions to political parties designated for so-called party-building activities are known as
PAC donations.
soft money.
independent expenditures.

9. Picketing, flag burning, or wearing an armband are all examples of
symbolic speech.
commercial speech
unprotected speech.
pure speech.

10. How many electors are there in the Electoral College?

11. The clear and present danger test allows the government to
ban speech that is objectionable.
prevent assembly of an unpopular group.
silence free speech or expression if there is a clear and present danger that such speech will bring about some harm that the government has the power to prevent.
engage in surveillance of American citizens when there is a clear and present danger of terrorist activity.

12. Which concept argues that true and free political discourse requires a forum for free and unrestrained political discussion?
marketplace of ideas
divine right theory
horizontal federalism

13. Following September 11, 2001, which government agency (or agencies) have/has been accused by the media and civil liberties groups of spying on Americans without their knowledge or judicial authorization?
NSA and the FBI

14. The three part Lemon Test determines whether a law violates the
Establishment clause
Contract clause
Free exercise clause
Due process clause

15. In what case did the Supreme Court hold segregation constitutional
Brown v. Board of Education (1954)
Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)
Washington v. Davis (1976)
Heart of Atlanta Motel v. United States

16. Which of these factors is most important in determining voter participation?
income level
education level

17. Which of the following was created by Congress to enforce the provisions of Title VII (Employment) of the Civil Rights Act of 1964
Equal Employment Opportunity Commission
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
Department of Justice
American Civil Liberties Union

18. What amendment gave constitutional protection to the basic right of citizenship

19. The “exclusionary rule” precedent came out of which case?
Miranda v. Arizona
Plessy v. Ferguson
Mapp v. Ohio
Roe v. Wade

20. In what case did the Supreme Court rule that “separate but equal” is a contradiction in terms
Brown v. Board of Education
Washington v. Davis
Plessy v. Ferguson
Heart of Atlanta Motel v. United States