Multiple Choice Answers

1. In 1997, the year the Kyoto Protocol was endorsed by more than 120 countries, the top carbon dioxide emitters included Persian Gulf states such as Qatar and the United Arab Emirates. Among the top 10 emitters, which country ranked seventh?
A. Bahrain
B. United States
C. Kuwait
D. Saudi Arabia

2. After the Iranian Revolution of 1979 brought the Ayatollah Khomeini to power, fundamentalist Islamic sharia law was infused into Iranian government policies. In reaction to this development, most
A. Muslim countries rejected and suppressed Islamic fundamentalists.
B. Muslim countries turned to terrorism to further Muslim interests.
C. Muslim countries also adopted sharia law.
D. Sunni Muslims rejected sharia law, because most Iranians are Shia.

3. The last great empire centered in Southwest Asia was the _______ Empire.
A. Roman
B. Mongol
C. Byzantine
D. Ottoman

4. The center of the largest film industry in the world, “Bollywood,” and Dharavi, the largest slum in India, are both located in
A. Kolkata.
B. Delhi.
C. Mumbai.
D. Chennai.

5. OPEC was formed in 1960 in order to
A. enhance oil and natural gas production technologies among member states.
B. create a cartel that would control global oil supplies.
C. negotiate the interests of OPEC member countries within the United Nations.
D. coordinate the interests of producing countries by regulating oil prices.

6. Monotheism, a religious doctrine that recognizes a single supreme god, first arose in Southwest Asia around _________ BC.
A. 1000
B. 600
C. 230
D. 2500

7. The North African Maghreb states, dominated by the Atlas Mountains, do not include
A. Tunisia.
B. Algeria.
C. Libya.
D. Morocco.

8. In India, the government favors the building of dams in order to
A. reduce dependency on irrigation.
B. provide systematic irrigation.
C. invite foreign investment.
D. reverse the effects of salinization.

9. Among the countries on the margins of the South Asian region, population growth and fertility are highest in
A. Nepal.
B. Sri Lanka.
C. the Maldives.
D. Afghanistan.

10. Which of the following was the main purpose behind the formation of the Arab League in 1945?
A. To unite Arab opposition to the founding of Israel
B. To establish a homeland for the Palestinians
C. To create a Pan-Arab economic bloc to counter Western hegemony
D. To unite all Arab countries under a single Pan-Arab state

11. Among Hindus, members of the lowest caste are commonly referred to by the term dalit, which means
A. “segregated.”
B. “disadvantaged.”
C. “oppressed.”
D. “despised.”

12. Mohandas Gandhi adopted his creed of nonviolence and respect for life from the religious doctrines of
A. Buddhism.
B. Islam.
C. Jainism.
D. Sikhism.

13. In the 1960s and 1970s under President Gamel Abdul Nasser, Egypt was a/an _______ state that developed more rapidly than the rest of North Africa.
A. socialist
B. democratic
C. capitalist
D. autocratic

14. Medinas capture the unique historical character and social patterns of cities in North Africa and Southwest Asia. Labyrinths of winding alleys and many kinds of souks are typical features. What are souks?
A. Commercial areas
B. Bordellos
C. Sacred sites
D. Ethnic quarters

15. In a/an _______ economy, the production of a wide range of manufactured products becomes more economically important than primary production and a service sector begins to develop.
A. international
B. production
C. developing
D. diversified

16. Among regional languages, _______ combines Hindi with Arabic script and is the official language of _______.
A. Sinhalese; Sri Lanka
B. Punjabi; Afghanistan
C. Urdu; Pakistan
D. Bengali; Bangladesh

17. With regard to British influences on India, which of the following statements is true?
A. The British Indian Army was not expected to serve British interests beyond India.
B. The common name for the British Indian Empire was the “British Raj.”
C. The British East India Company ruled India after a sepoy rebellion in 1867.
D. A primary objective of British rule was attaining food self-sufficiency for Indians.

18. The 1959 Nile Water Agreement between Egypt and _______ led to the construction of the Aswan High Dam.
A. Saudi Arabia
B. Libya
C. Syria
D. Sudan

19. In which of the following countries are Shia Muslims the majority?
A. Yemen
B. Saudi Arabia
C. Iran
D. Turkey

20. Sudanese violence against non-Arab peoples in the western province of Darfur has introduced the world to the term Janjaweed. What does this term translate to in English?
A. “Criminal bandit”
B. “Devil on horseback with a gun”
C. “Rapist assassin”
D. “Paramilitary assassin”