Multiple Choice Answers

Parents’ awareness of where their children are, what they are doing, and with whom they are doing it is referred to as:
Answer
A
control
B
generational stake
C
connectedness
D
parental monitoring
Question 2
A 15-year-old girl realizes that the dress she has worn to school has a small stain on it. Her belief that everyone will notice it is an example of:
Answer
A
school phobia
B
the personal fable
C
clothes consciousness
D
adolescent egocentrism
Question 3
The growth spurt typically occurs during puberty in the following order:
Answer
A
muscle, height, weight
B
height, weight, muscle
C
weight, height, muscle
D
weight, muscle, height
Question 4
Identity diffusion refers to the identity status in which adolescents:
Answer
A
take a pause in identity formation that allows for exploration of alternatives
B
understand who they are as connected to everything they have learned
C
have few commitments to goals or values and fail to take on any role
D
form their identity prematurely
Question 5
Which of the following behaviors seems to reduce the risk of an adolescent developing an eating disorder?
Answer
A
genetic testing
B
exercise
C
the family sharing meals together
D
vitamin supplementation
Question 6
In Inhelder and Piaget’s balance experiment, a child who systematically tests the idea that the relationship between weight and distance is reciprocal is probably age:
Answer
A
4
B
7
C
14
D
10
Question 7
Arrests are more likely to occur among adolescents who are:
Answer
A
ages 12 to 14 rather than 15 to 17
B
good students
C
European Americans rather than Asian Americans
D
females rather than males
Question 8
Parental monitoring is most likely to be effective and healthy when it is:
Answer
A
part of authoritarian parenting
B
part of a warm, supportive relationship
C
rigid and controlling
D
relaxed and permissive
Question 9
Suicidal ideation is more common in _______ than in _______
Answer
A
girls; boys
B
boys; girls
C
older adolescents; younger adolescents
D
adults; adolescents
Question 10
Which of the following statements is listed in the textbook as one of the reasons that sex has become less problematic worldwide in past decades?
Answer
A
The teen abortion rate is down
B
Sexual taboos have become weaker
C
Overall, teen births have risen
D
The use of “protection” has declined
Question 11
Piaget called the reasoning that characterizes adolescence:
Answer
A
formal operational thought
B
concrete operational thinking
C
the game of thinking
D
metacognition
Question 12
What is the name of the theorist who coined the terms personal fable and invincibility fable?
Answer
A
Skinner
B
Erikson
C
Elkind
D
Kohlberg
Question 13
An unintended consequence of high-stakes testing is:
Answer
A
higher school achievement
B
increased graduation rates
C
increased dropout rates
D
higher reports of school satisfaction
Question 14
Research has suggested that two distinct pathways for thinking exist in the brain: one processes emotional thought while the other processes analytic thought. These two pathways make up the:
Answer
A
neural duplet
B
bifurcated processor
C
split brain
D
dual-process model
Question 15
The sex hormone secreted in greater amounts by males than females is:
Answer
A
estrogen
B
noradrenaline
C
testosterone
D
progesterone
Question 16
Analytic thinking generally takes more time than intuitive thinking
Answer
True
False
Question 17
The four aspects of family closeness discussed in the textbook are communication, support, connectedness, and control
Answer
True
False
Question 18
Some boys experience some breast enlargement during puberty
Answer
True
False
Question 19
Menarche does not usually occur until a girl weighs 100 pounds (45–48 kg)
Answer
True
False
Question 20
Contrary to adult fears, many teenage romances do not include sexual intercourse
Answer
True
False
Question 21
Some breast development takes place in males as well as females during puberty
Answer
True
False
Question 22
Aggressive children tend to be popular in middle school
Answer
True
False
Question 23
Teachers often blame students or their parents for “lack of learning” in the classroom rather than assessing their own classroom behavior
Answer True
False
Question 24
The cognitive gains needed for such tasks as balancing a scale with weights by trial and error are usually acquired during adolescence
Answer True
False Question 25
The abstinence-only sex education program that was widely promoted in the United States starting in 1998 has had little to no impact on reducing teenage sexual activity
Answer
True
False