Multiple Choice Answers

1. What was the focus of the Cadbury report?
a. Internal governance
b. Shareholder model
c. Stakeholder model
d. The triple bottom line

2. In a highly competitive environment, working on __________ targets, it can be easy to find justification for any act as being “in the company’s best interest.”
a. future
b. intermediate
c. long-term
d. short-term

3. The term globalization has applications in all of the following EXCEPT which one?
a. Legal environment
b. Economic environment
c. Political environment
d. Commercial environment

4. The study of how ethical theories are put into practice refers to:
a. applied ethics.
b. normative ethics.
c. descriptive ethics.
d. meta-ethics.

5. All of the following are key functions of an organization EXCEPT:
a. sales.
b. information systems.
c. marketing.
d. R&D.

6. The audience for the code of ethics would be:
a. investors.
b. stakeholders.
c. employees.
d. customers.

7. __________ whistle-blowing rarely see the light of media attention.
a. Governmental
b. Internal
c. Coercive
d. External

8. All of the following are stakeholders EXCEPT:
a. customers.
b. Federal government.
c. competitor.
d. community.

9. The __________ was hailed as one of the most important pieces of legislation governing the behavior of accounting firms and financial markets since the (SEC) legislation in the 1930s.
a. U.S. Federal Sentencing Guidelines for Organizations
b. Ethics Resource Center
c. Sarbanes-Oxley Act
d. Foreign Corrupt Act

10. The first wave of technological advancement in the workplace came with the establishment of:
a. the Worldwide Web.
b. extranets.
c. call centers.
d. intranets.

11. __________ has been summarized as (a) science, not rules of thumb; (b) harmony, not discord; (c) cooperation, not individualism; and (d) maximum output, not restricted output.
a. Industrial psychology
b. Human resource management
c. Scientific management
d. The Industrial Revolution

12. Nearly all new trends in telecommuting, outsourcing of HRM practices, family medical leave, child care, and relocation assistance can be traced to the emergence of new lifestyles and:
a. an aging population.
b. an influx of immigrants.
c. rising wages.
d. a decrease in available workers.

13. In a survey, executives who were asked about globalization indicated that __________ was the factor most critical to success.
a. acquiring a competent workforce
b. having sufficient operating capital
c. having the support of local government
d. lack of competition

14. A critical part of any successful succession plan is a comprehensive __________ plan.
a. compensation
b. recovery
c. retention
d. All of the above

15. Which of the following is an indirect cost of a selection process?
a. Interviewer’s salary
b. Changes in the organization’s public image
c. Drug testing
d. Equipment used in a work sample test

16. __________means that the criterion being used reflects the difference between high and low performers.
a. Relevance
b. Sensitivity
c. Practicality
d. Reliability

17. Most elderly Americans believe that security in their later years rests on a three-legged stool consisting of all of the following EXCEPT:
a. Social Security.
b. part-time employment.
c. personal savings.
d. private pensions.

18. E. A. Locke proposed that an individual’s __________ goals and intentions are the primary determinants of behavior.
a. subconscious
b. mandated
c. conscious
d. reinforced

19. Which of the following is not one of the four steps in the job instruction training (JIT) method?
a. Preparation
b. Presentation
c. Praise
d. Performance tryout

20. The primary job of any manager who knows that an employee has HIV-AIDS is to preserve the individual’s:
a. dignity.
b. job security.
c. privacy.
d. career path.

21. __________ theories argue that the rightness or wrongness of actions and policies depends on the estimated consequences.
a. Consequentialist
b. Deontological
c. Ethical
d. Justice

22. Variations in power density and duration are significant disadvantages of:
a. solar power.
b. wind power.
c. hydroelectric power.
d. nuclear power.

23. The enactment of the Magnuson Act in 1976:
a. focused more on sustainable yield approaches to U.S. fisheries.
b. opened up U.S. fisheries to foreign commercial interests.
c. allowed fishery managers to use economic and social factors to modify estimates of sustainable fish catches.
d. imposed restrictions on the amount of fish an individual could take.

24. A demographic transition where a country develops a stable population – one that merely replaces itself – occurs when:
a. both birth and death rates rise.
b. both birth and death rates are low.
c. birth rates decline while death rates rise.
d. birth rates rise while death rates decline.

25. Jarod Diamond suggests that following the Great Leap Forward cultural development depended primarily on:
a. genetic change.
b. language-based communication.
c. technology.
d. migration into new geographic areas.

26. Sustainable management strategies are difficult to implement because:
a. they are not practical.
b. ordinary people tend to resist them.
c. fragmented authority structures reduce cooperation between institutions.
d. they do not fit into the free-market model of economic activity.

27. Which of the following is NOT an argument offered by the text as an argument against population and birth control?
a. Fertility reduction is not worth the medical risks of using the medical means of population programs.
b. Population problems are actually resource-scarcity problems caused by over-consumption of rich nations.
c. Social and economic programs are enough to curb population growth.
d. Population growth has a positive effect on economic development.

28. Global expectancy at birth is expected to keep on rising to reach __________ by 2045-2050.
a. 65
b. 70
c. 75
d. 80

29. According to the textbook, to mitigate the effects of the greenhouse, we must:
a. reduce fossil-fuel burning.
b. control the population by educating Third World countries in the use of birth control.
c. make policies for recycling that have penalties for not recycling.
d. empower the UN to control the issue.

30. Before antibiotics, __________ was(were) the only way to prevent the spread of innocuous diseases.
a. prevention
b. isolation
c. inoculation
d. vaccines