Multiple Choice Answers

1. Family day care provider Alicia Magnus always has an interesting activity set up for the children as they arrive in the morning. This gives Alicia a chance to have quick chats with parents as they drop off their children. Magnus is trying to facilitate communication with families by
A. being available.
B. being receptive.
C. developing listening skills.
D. figuring out problems together.
2. Four-year-old Hilary goes to a parent-participation nursery school. Hilary’s educational setting is also called a
A. home-based visitor program.
B. parent-based kindergarten.
C. parent cooperative preschool.
D. Montessori school.
3. A component of self-esteem, virtue is best described as
A. feeling loved and cared about by those who are important in one’s life.
B. doing what’s right, whether by a moral code or by one’s own standard of morality.
C. the ability to be successful, especially in areas that one cares about.
D. a feeling that one has the ability to be oneself and get one’s needs met.
4. At the beginning of each school year, preschool teacher Jonny Kesteroni collects contact information for the children’s families. He also asks each parent to list some of their family’s special interests. He then compiles this information and distributes it to each of the families. Which aspect of supporting families is he implementing?
A. Helping parents support each other
B. Helping parents further appreciate and enjoy their children
C. Creating and maintaining relationships with parents
D. Having concern for the parents’ welfare
5. Three-year-old Faye has just begun being cared for at Babytime Child Care Center while her grandmother works during the day. In Faye’s culture, children are spoon fed until they’ve advanced to motor skills that allow them to eat well on their own. When Faye’s grandmother arrives to pick Faye up, she’s dismayed at Faye’s appearance. Faye has food stains on her clothes after attempting to feed herself.
The provider explains that the center policy encourages children to practice their motor skills by trying to feed themselves. The grandmother and the child care provider talk for a few days about this problem and eventually come to a resolution. Of the following solutions to this conflict, which represents a resolution through mutual education?
A. After seeing how important this value is to Faye’s family, the child care provider agrees to spoon feed Faye.
B. After seeing how upset Faye’s grandmother is, the child care provider reluctantly agrees to spoon-feed Faye. She feels resentful every time she feeds Faye.
C. Both parties find a third space and agree that Faye will be spoon fed at home, but while at the center she’ll wear a bib or older clothes and continue practicing her skills.
D. After hearing the reasoning behind the center’s policy, Faye’s grandmother agrees to try letting her feed herself at the center and at home.
6. Several children engage in symbolic play. Abigail and Adrian set up a store and play shopping, with Abigail as the customer and Adrian as the shopkeeper. Beatrice and Bennie build an extensive structure with Lincoln Logs, Legos, and blocks. Carlos and Christina play a game of Junior Scrabble. Which are experiencing dramatic play?
A. Carlos and Christina
B. All of them
C. Abigail and Adrian
D. Beatrice and Bennie
7. Two-year-old Henry understands many more words than he is able to use himself. This fact reflects which of the following points about communication?
A. Holistic listening establishes a medium for communication and opens up conversations.
B. Receptive language develops faster than expressive language.
C. Holistic listening is especially important with young children whose language skills are limited.
D. Expressive language develops faster than receptive language.
8. On your first job as a professional in early childhood education, you have a conflict with a parent about your approach to nap time. You decide to use the conflict resolution model you learned from the textbook. In which step will you let the parent know that you’re receiving and accepting his feelings?
A. Reflect
B. Explain
C. Understand
D. Reason
9. The element of competence in self-esteem is a matter of how
A. loved a person feels.
B. a person approaches challenges.
C. talented a person is.
D. skilled a person is.
10. Four early childhood education students are observing children in a preschool program for two-year- olds. Based on the guidelines presented in your text, which student observation is the best?
A. “Guillermo, obviously frustrated with Rodney, picks up a toy and throws it at Rodney.”
B. “Rodney aggravates Guillermo, and Guillermo throws a toy at him.”
C. “Guillermo picks up a toy and throws it at Rodney.”
D. “Guillermo picks up a toy and throws it at Rodney. Guillermo’s tendency toward violence has been previously noted.”
11. If early childhood educator Monica Moniz wishes to be consistent with Piaget’s ideas about child development, which of the following should she do with her students?
A. She should deemphasize play, especially of the dramatic variety.
B. She should provide a rich environment and let the children interact in an exploratory way.
C. She should mold and shape her students’ behaviors through a system of rewards.
D. She should emphasize the right answers to particular problems and activities.
12. A preschool student in teacher Julie Tanner’s class discovers that a screw has come loose in one of the classroom chairs. He brings Julie the chair and a screwdriver. Julie says, “Oh, I can’t fix that. I’ll take it home for my husband to fix.” Ms. Tanner has failed to model
A. significance.
B. equity.
C. virtue.
D. consequences.
13. Which of the following statements most accurately describes IDEA?
A. A strategy for resolving conflict
B. An approach for respecting the diversity of children, families, and other early childhood professionals
C. A team of specialists who collaborate with families on the creation of goals and objectives for children with special needs
D. A U.S. government act requiring programs to create plans for responding to children with special needs
14. According to Magda Gerber, early childhood professionals should approach children with a(n)
A. dual-focus.
B. open mind.
C. well-honed set of observation skills.
D. open heart.
15. Which of the following is not one of the four themes in early childhood teacher training presented in your text?
A. Individualism
B. Professionalism
C. Holism
D. Multiculturalism
16. Four kindergarten children are engaged in different play activities. Three are engaged in sensorimotor play. Which is not engaged in sensorimotor play?
A. Antwone plays in the sink while he washes his hands.
B. Curt plays chase with another child.
C. Brittany sings her ABCs.
D. Debra doodles on some construction paper.
17. When it comes to handling children with special needs who don’t respond to ordinary guidance strategies, an early childhood professional may have to do three of the following. Which should an early childhood professional not do for such children?
A. Redesign the environment and activities to prevent children’s challenging behaviors
B. Seek external consultation and technical assistance
C. Modify the curriculum to help children learn appropriate behaviors
D. Use positive behavioral interventions that address the form, but not the function, of the behavior
18. Regarding brain development, which of the following statements is false?
A. Using flashcards with infants is a developmentally appropriate practice.
B. Social and emotional development are intimately connected to learning and cognition.
C. Scientific research on the brain is proving the idea that the early years matter.
D. Babies are born with many more brain cells than they actually need, so unused connections are eliminated through a pruning process.
19. Four-year-old Georgia is a child with special needs about to enter preschool. Together with her family, a team of multidisciplinary specialists is working on a plan that identifies appropriate and meaningful goals and objectives for Georgia and her family. This plan is called a(n)
A. family-school interface plan.
B. family-school disabilities plan for educational activities.
C. individualized education plan.
D. individualized family service plan.
20. Which of the following statements about praise is false?
A. Children shouldn’t be given recognition regularly, only when they’ve earned it by accomplishing something.
B. Adults should give praise for risk-taking, even when children are unsuccessful in their efforts.
C. Adults should avoid interrupting play to give praise.
D. Overabundant praise can cloud a child’s reality and give children a false sense of themselves.
21. To deal with the universal toddler problem of biting, your text recommends three of the following. Which is not recommended?
A. Provide props for toddlers to act out their aggressions symbolically.
B. Help toddlers develop a feeling of power by giving them choices and offering them challenges that require strength.
C. Supervise toddlers closely, especially when one is known to be a biter.
D. Teach toddlers to defend themselves physically by pushing the biting child away or running away.
22. Of the following statements about play, which is(are) true? Statement 1: Play helps children build knowledge by finding meaning in their own experience instead of passively receiving information from teachers. Statement 2: Play helps children manage themselves, instead of depending on the teacher. Statement 3: Play helps children gain confidence and increase their self-esteem.
A. Statements 1 and 2
B. Statements 1, 2, and 3
C. Statements 2 and 3
D. Statement 1 only
23. Four-year-olds Jordan and Sonal are playing with some toy horses in the sandbox. Jordan grabs a horse from Sonal, and then Sonal tries to pull it back from Jordan. Jordan ends up throwing the horse over the fence, brushing up against Sonal as she does so. Sonal begins screaming, “Jordan took my horse and hit me!” Which teacher response is aimed at helping Sonal and Jordan recognize alternatives to solving their conflict?
A. “Jordan, when you take the horse away from Sonal, you can’t play together because she gets mad at you.”
B. “Jordan, it looks like you took Sonal’s toy away and hit her.”
C. “You both want the horse. I wonder how you can solve this problem?”
D. “Jordan, you threw the horse over the fence, and now you don’t have it.”
24. Early childhood education is a branch of education that deals with children from
A. birth to age eight.
B. preschool age to age twelve.
C. preschool age to age eight.
D. birth to age twelve.
25. When her three-year-old students talk to her, Evelyn makes sure that she listens using all of her senses. She watches the children’s nonverbal messages and their body language. Sometimes, Evelyn even uses her intuition to understand the children’s messages. Which communication skill is Evelyn using?
A. Holistic listening
B. Receptive listening
C. Expressive language
D. Full-body listening
26. The current approach to tantrums in early childhood education includes three of the following. Which is not included?
A. Keeping a child safe during a tantrum
B. Encouraging the expression of feelings, but not through tantrums
C. Not making a big fuss over tantrums to avoid rewarding them
D. Prevention of tantrums by paying attention to children’s stress and frustration levels
27. Which of the following statements regarding children’s development is false?
A. One of the most important findings of recent brain research is the importance of emotional security in the development of children’s brains.
B. A child’s intelligence has its origins in specific emotional experiences.
C. Rising cortisol levels, caused by stress, result in the destruction of neurons, but they don’t affect brain synapses.
D. Babies who have close relationships with caregivers are more likely to be resilient and to thrive than babies who don’t.
28. Who has been primarily responsible for bringing the concepts and specifics of childhood stage development to the general public?
End of exam
A. Benjamin Spock and T. Barry Brazelton
B. Maria Montessori
C. Jean Piaget and Erik Erikson
D. Arnold Gesell
29. The class of three-year-olds at Ms. Cherry’s Preschool is getting ready to take a field trip to a local supermarket. While the two teachers are preparing the van, which of the following is the best strategy for the student teacher to take while supervising the children?
A. Have the children sit in circle time and report what they did over the weekend.
B. Put on a puppet show for the children.
C. Allow the children to play in the classroom, while keeping a watchful eye, ready to intervene as necessary.
D. Stand the children in line, going over the safety rules and regulations for field trips.
30. Julia is a student teacher at Midtown Day Care Center. While the children eat their snacks, her co- worker has to change an infant’s diaper. Because her coworker is gone, Julia moves to the edge of the room to keep an eye on things. Now Julia can see what’s going on, but has no interaction with the children. Julia’s behavior is an example of which type of focus?
A. Dual focus
B. Self-reflective focus
C. Broad focus
D. Narrow focus