Multiple Choice Answers

1. The most frequently abused nervous system depressant is
a. cocaine
b. marijuana
c. alcohol
d. caffeine

2. Trying to make sense of an article in the world events section of the daily mirror, Matlock turns to Thomas and asks, “Where’s Khartoum?” Thomas, looking up from his coffee, says, ” Africa. It’s the capital of Sudan. ” If you hold with the idea that long-term memory includes distinct modules, what sort of memory does Thomas’s reply indicate?
a. Declarative-semantic
b. Procedure-episodic
c. Declarative-semantic
d. Declarative-episodic

3. I’m having some trouble recalling what I’ve previously learned about the Battle of Gettysburg because I’ve just read a new book offering new information on that Civil War battle. This sort of phenomenon is referred to as _____ interference.
a. retroactive
b. proactive
c. distractive
d. passive

4. Which of the following statements regarding latent learning is most accurate?
a. Latent learning doesn’t require cognitive processes
b. Latent learning occurs in spite of negative reinforcement
c. Latent learning suggests that environmental knowledge is genetically predetermined
d. Latent learning occurs without reinforcement

5. Methadone can be used to treat heroin addiction. However, the main drawback in this sort of treatment is that methadone
a. is very expensive to produce, since its derived from rare tropical plants.
b. is biologically addictive
c. provides the same sort of “High” the addict experiences with heroin
d. is psychologically addictive

6. Natasha has been living Philadelphia for several months and is rapidly mastering the English language. However, she often turns to her American friend, Emily, when she is uncertain about a concept. One day, Natasha turns to Emily and asks, ” What are you meaning when you say the word ‘vehicle’?” If you were Emily, which of these prototypes would be most likely to point to feel fairly certain that Natasha “gets it”?
a. An escalator
b. A jet liner passing overhears
c. An elevator
d. An automobile

7. Knowing that Dr. Mallet, a clinical psychologist, is interested in the latent and manifest content of his client’s dreams, its safest to suspect that Dr. Mallet embraces______ theory.
a. repressive-activation
b. dreams-for -survival
c. activation – synthesis
d. unconscious wish-fulfillment

8. You deprive your six-year old of dessert each time he fails to eat his spinach. In this sort of __ , you weaken a response through taking away something pleasant or desired.
a. negative reinforcement
b. positive reinforcement
c. positive punishment
d. negative punishment

9. Prescott is an old hand in the print shop. He insists that there’s only one dependable kind of process for printing a three-color brochure. By contrast, Baldwin recognizes several different approaches to three-color printing through the use of new digital technologies. Psychologists would say Prescott’s point of view is limited by his
a. fundamental fixation b. obsessive perfectionism c. mental laziness d. mental set

10. In a lab devoted to sleep disorders Julio points to the brain wave monitor, turns to Laura and says, “Subject is going into non-REM Stage 2.” Laura looking at the monitor, says, “Got it; I’m recording the time.” What would Laura and Julio see on the monitor to assure them that the subject has entered Stage 2 sleep?
a. Brain waves are irregular and episodic
b. Sleep disturbance is indicated by sharp wave spikes
c. Brain waves are getting slower and more regular
d. Sleep spindles appear

11. According to information provided in your text, circadian rhythms are associated with
a. cycles of waking and sleeping.
b. the time of month that pregnant women are likely to go into labor.
c. attacks of sleep apnea
d. the occurrence of anxiety attacks

12. A common repetitive technique for moving new information from short-term memory to long-term memory is called
a. rehearsal
b. elaboration
c. reduction
d. selective reduction

13. In an instance of __ recovery, a conditioned response that has been extinguished reappears when a person is exposed to a related stimulus.
a. incomplete
b. generalized
c. spontaneous
d. automatic

14. I want to condition a pet pig to come running for a food reward when I blow a whistle. In the process of this conditioning effort, the main idea is to
a. pair a neutral stimulus with and unconditioned stimulus.
b. pair a conditioned stimulus with and unconditioned stimulus.
c. teach the pig to pay attention to the sound of a whistle.
d. teach the pig to expect food when it’s hungry.

15. An important reason why people forget something is that they didn’t pay much attention to it in the first place. Psychologist refers to this kind of forgetting as
a. cue-dependent.
b. interference related.
c. decay.
d. encoding failure.

16. Which of the following is a specific technique used in behavior modification?
a. Training a subject in helpful weight-loss strategies
b. keeping no records as the program is implemented
c. Reinforcing drug-related behaviors
d. behavior-change strategy