Multiple Choice Answers

1.The economy of Mesopotamia was dominated by
1. agriculture
2. shipping
3. industry
4. fur trading
2.The Babylonian law code can be described as a
1. humane code that took into consideration human mistakes
2. relativistic code subject to many interpretations
3. code created by a committee of lawyers
4. code based on retaliation
3.Who was Enheduanna?

1. the goddess who killed Enkidu in The Epic of Gilgamesh
2. the first queen of Sumer
3. the earliest known female literary figure
4. the patron goddess of Hammurabi
4.The central architectural feature of a Mesopotamian city usually was
1. a temple.
2. the city hall.
3. the palace of the king.
4. the marketplace.
5.What new artistic style was introduced into Egyptian art during the Amarna revolution?
1. austere forms
2. naturalism
3. rigid lines
4. perspective
6.Homer’s writings drew on legends of
1. Egyptian civilization.
2. Minoan civilization.
3. Mycenaean civilization.
4. Etruscan civilization.
7.A bard was a
1. person who bartered in the Greek agora.
2. poet who sang verses of an epic while strumming a stringed instrument.
3. Greek thinker interested in philosophy.
4. composer of Greek lyric poems.
8.Which of the following applies to the Odyssey?
1. It tells about the battles of the Minoan civilization.
2. It focuses on Odysseus’s efforts to return home.
3. It reveals how women are often unfaithful to their husbands.
4. It recounts the defeat of the Greeks by the Trojans.
9.Sappho’s lyric poetry mainly addressed the subject of
1. victorious athletes.
2. passionate love in all of its aspects.
3. political and social problems.
4. nature.
10.Which of the following characterized the philosophers and scientists of Archaic Greece?
1. belief that human reason could understand the natural world
2. belief that the deities controlled human events
3. belief that the earth and the universe were completely unpredictable
4. belief that mathematics was unrelated to the quest for knowledge
11.The Age of Pericles was characterized by
1. a retreat from Athens’s policy of imperial control.
2. a lessening of political democracy in Athens.
3. an outburst in the arts and literature in Athens.
4. the establishment of a communal economy in Athens.
12.The most famous and most successful comic playwright was
1. Aristotle.
2. Agisthenes.
3. Aristophanes.
4. Aeschylus.
13.The Socratic method of teaching can be described as a
1. step-by-step memorization process to learn terms.
2. step-by-step system of asking and answering questions.
3. progression of theories based on numbers.
4. line of argument that refutes all basic values.
14.Plato’s most important contribution to Western philosophy was his
1. theory of numbers.
2. founding of the school of idealism.
3. establishment of the Academy.
4. atomic theory.
15.Xenophon reasoned that married women’s responsibilities included all of the following EXCEPT
1. managing the husband’s estate.
2. bearing children.
3. submitting to the husband’s will in all things.
4. carrying out domestic chores.
16.The Parthenon has become one of the most important architectural landmarks in the West for all of the following reasons EXCEPT that
1. it embodies the ideals of Greek architecture.
2. it represents the zenith of Greek architecture.
3. it became the model for ideal proportions and symmetrical harmony.
4. it inspired Gothic art.
17.The high classical sculptural style attempted to
1. accept repose as a normal state for the carved object.
2. create a sense of vast motion.
3. show motion in a static medium.
4. demonstrate that emotion should dominate a work of art.
18.The age is called Hellenistic because
1. it is neither Greek nor Roman.
2. it covered a time period when the Greeks dominated the Mediterranean world.
3. it was more Persian than Greek.
4. it was heavily influenced by Greek culture.
19.Hellenistic women found new freedom in their ability to
1. conduct their own legal and economic affairs.
2. work in the liberal arts and professions.
3. make charitable bequests and erect impressive gravestones.
4. All these answers are correct.
20.Theocritus developed the new literary genre called the
1. epic.
2. pastoral.
3. sonnet.
4. novel.
21.______ denounced all religions and governments; shunned physical comfort; and taught that if one wanted nothing, then one could not lack anything.
1. Cynicism
2. Skepticism
3. Epicureanism
4. Stoicism
22.______ taught that the best life is lived withdrawn from the world, cultivating simple pleasures and avoiding fame, power, and wealth.
1. Cynicism
2. Skepticism
3. Epicureanism
4. Stoicism
23.Hellenistic women were attracted to Epicureanism because this philosophy
1. called for a strict separation between the sexes.
2. advocated sexual equality within society.
3. promoted friendship, and thus made the sexes equal.
4. urged that women pursue careers the same as men.