Multiple Choice Answers

The aerobic cellular respiration (release of energy from food) of carbohydrates occurs in the
Lysosome
Mitochondrion
Chloroplast
Flagellum

The chloroplast is
The site of photosynthesis
A reproductive structure
Necessary for diffusion
A cause of fermentation

Which of the following structures is found inside the nuclear membrane?
Endoplasmic reticulum
Centriole
Cell membrane
Nucleolus

Stroma and grana are found in the
Chlorophyll
Nucleus
Chloroplast
All of these answers are true

The phospholipids of a cellular membrane will have their ____ ends facing each other (inside) and their ____ ends facing away from each other (outside).
Hypotonic; hypertonic
Hypertonic; hypotonic
Hydrophilic; hydrophobic
Hydrophobic; hydrophilic

When toes or fingers are fused together because of a genetic defect, the trait is called
Plasmolysis
Syndactylism
Crenation
Tensegrity

I just found out that some people get repeated fungal infections because they cannot destroy these dangerous microbes after their white blood cells phagocytize them. This most likely means that these people have _______ that do not work properly.
Ribosomes
Lysosomes
Mitochondria
Microtubules

Molecules move from an area of low concentration to an area of high concentration during
Osmosis
Facilitated diffusion
Diffusion
Active transport

An outside source of energy (ATP) is required for
Osmosis
Diffusion
Active transport
None of these answers is true
Most plant cells differ from animal cells in that they
Possess nucleoli
Lack nucleoli
Contain mitochondria
Lack centrioles

Lysosomes originate from the
Golgi apparatus
Endoplasmic reticulum
Mitochondria
Chloroplast

Which of the following organelles contains a green-colored pigment?
Lysosome
Mitochondria
Chloroplast
Leucoplastosome

Material is engulfed directly by the cell by
Diffusion
Osmosis
Phagocytosis
Active transport

ATP contains ____ high-energy phosphate bonds.
One
Two
Three
Four
The electron transport system uses ____ atoms.
Hydrogen
Carbon
Nitrogen
All of these answers are true

If an enzyme-controlled reaction has an optimal temperature (temperature at which the reaction happens the fastest), lowering that temperature would result in:
Fewer substrates
Fewer enzymes
More enzymes
Fewer end products

In order for an enzyme to do its job, the substrate must fit into the
Coenzyme
Repressor site
Active site
Substrate complex

The material that is changed by the enzyme is the
Coenzyme
Inhibitor
Catalyst
Substrate

Chemical messengers in the cell that control the amounts of enzyme produced is(are)
DNA
Gene regulator proteins
Inhibitors
Coenzymes
The amount of energy needed to start two reactants to form a product is
Reaction energy
Kinetic energy
Activation energy
Potential energy

Which statement below is FALSE regarding this chemical equation? ADP + P → ATP
This reaction is known as phosphorylation
This reaction occurs in photosynthesis and cellular respiration
This reaction represents energy being released into the environment for cellular use
This reaction represents the formation of a high-energy phosphate bond

The proton pump involves the movement of
ADP
Hydrogen ions
ATP
All of these answers are true

Several enzymes that fit the same substrate are
The same as the substrate
Not able to function
In competition for the same substrate
Able to interact and form one complex of enzymes

Which of the following pairs of terms go together?
Anabolism—anaerobic cellular respiration
Catabolism—aerobic cellular respiration
Anabolism—aerobic cellular respiration
Catabolism—photosynthesis

When you boil egg white (albumin is protein) you have
Inhibited the protein
Denatured the protein
Competed with the protein
Optimized the protein