Multiple Choice Answers

Sociologically, which of the following is the most accurate definition of “marriage”?
A. It is the union of one man and one woman.
B. It consists of people occupying the same housing unit.
C. It is an arrangement where two people live together and share expenses.
D. It is a group’s approved mating arrangement.
Question 2 of 20
Regina lives in a society in which children are related to their father’s relatives, but not their mother’s relatives. What type of descent system does this illustrate?
A. Bilateral
B. Unilateral
C. Patrilineal
D. Matrilineal
Question 3 of 20
Why do functionalists argue that the incest taboo is a norm necessary for proper family development?
A. It reinforces patriarchal authority.
B. It enforces the concept of monogamy.
C. It facilitates the socialization of children and it avoids role confusion.
D. It prevents the transference of genetic defects.
Question 4 of 20
The __________ perspective is most aligned with the belief that family controls economic production, socialization of children, care of the sick and aged, and reproduction.
A. functionalist
B. conflict
C. symbolic interactionist
D. feminist
Question 5 of 20
Which of the following variables contributes the greatest influence on homogamy?
A. Earned income
B. Personal attractiveness
C. Level of education
D. Propinquity
Question 6 of 20
What was the basis of antimiscegenation laws?
A. The marrying of close relatives
B. Marriage between people of the same sex
C. Interracial marriage
D. Marriage between American citizens and immigrants
Question 7 of 20
Marianne and her children live in a neighborhood where all the families share their resources when someone needs help. The neighbors also consider themselves to be an extended family. Sociologists use the term __________ to describe these survival mechanisms.
A. communal living
B. neo-nuclear kin
C. fictive kin
D. illusory kin
Question 8 of 20
__________ elders play a much more active role in their children’s families in comparison to other U.S. families.
A. Asian American
B. African American
C. Latino
D. Native American
Question 9 of 20
__________ is the primary source of strain in the typical one-parent family.
A. The lack of a male role-model in the family
B. Poverty
C. The emotional stress caused by divorce
D. Social isolation
Question 10 of 20
Which of the following trends is less likely to occur in respect to marriage?
A. Cohabitation is likely to increase.
B. Births to single women are likely to decrease.
C. The age of first marriages will increase.
D. More married women will join the work force.
Question 11 of 20
Yoko attends grade school in Japan. What would be the central theme of all of her classes?
A. Individual competition and achievement
B. Individualized instruction and textbooks
C. Solidarity with the group and team effort
D. Memorization and critical thinking
Question 12 of 20
__________ is the process of passing a nation’s core values from one generation to the next, such as respect for private property, individuality, and competition through the school system.
A. Social integration
B. Credentialization
C. Cultural transmission
D. Social placement
Question 13 of 20
__________ is the process of determining which people will enter what occupations through tracking and placing select students in “ability groups” and “advanced” classes.
A. Mainstreaming
B. Gatekeeping
C. Social integration
D. The hidden curriculum
Question 14 of 20
In the United States, what single factor determines who attends college more than any other?
A. Standardized test scores
B. Family background
C. High school rank
D. Age at application
Question 15 of 20
What is the primary purpose sociologists study religion?
A. To determine which religions are genuine and which are cults.
B. To evaluate the truth of a religion’s teachings.
C. To study the role religion plays in people’s lives.
D. To seek proof that some religions are better than others.
Question 16 of 20
The crescent moon and stars are to Muslims as the __________ is to the Jews.
A. Star of David
B. eight-spoked wheel
C. cross
D. cow
Question 17 of 20
__________ is a sudden awareness of the supernatural or a feeling of coming in contact with God.
A. A compensator
B. Evangelism
C. A religious experience
D. A ritual
Question 18 of 20
__________ is the social scientist is credited with saying “Religion is the sigh of the oppressed….the opium of the people.”
A. Emile Durkheim
B. Talcott Parsons
C. Karl Marx
D. Herbert Spencer
Question 19 of 20
What is the term used to describe the shifting of focus from spiritual matters to the affairs of this world?
A. The church legitimization of the social order
B. The modernization of religion
C. The evangelical movement
D. The secularization of religion
Question 20 of 20
What is another term used to describe what is called a new religion?
A. Ecclesia
B. Denomination
C. Sect
D. Cult