Multiple Choice Answers

1. (TCO 1) The awareness of the relationship between an individual and the wider society is referred to as: (Points : 5) the sociological imagination. social structure. theory. the functionalist perspective.
2. (TCO 1) A key element in the sociological imagination is the ability to view one’s own society: (Points : 5) from the perspective of personal experience. from the perspective of cultural biases. as an outsider. as an insider.
3. (TCO 3) Which sociological perspective would most likely want to know who benefits, who suffers, and who dominates at the expense of others in society? (Points : 5) Functionalist perspective Conflict perspective Interactionist perspective Global perspective
4. (TCO 2) This refers to the unintended influence that observers of experiments can have on their subjects. (Points : 5) Control group Hawthorne effect Value neutrality Conflict of interest
5. (TCO 4) The statement, “Attempts to create bilingualism in the United States represent subordinate language minorities seeking opportunities of self-expression,” reflects the views of which sociological perspective? (Points : 5) Functionalist perspective Conflict perspective Interactionist perspective Global perspective
6. (TCO 4) Which of the following statements reflects the functionalist view of culture? (Points : 5) The existence of a common culture serves to maintain the privileges of certain groups. The dominant ideology within a culture has major social significance. There is a lack of consensus on national values. A common culture helps maintain social stability.
7. (TCO 4) Sociologist William I. Thomas coined this phrase, which refers to the notion that people respond to the meaning that a particular situation has for them. (Points : 5) Looking-glass self Master status Social interaction Definition of the situation
8. (TCO 3) The teacher-expectancy effect reflects the views of which sociological perspective? (Points : 5) Functionalist Feminist Interactionist Globalist
9. (TCO 4) Harry Harlow’s research with rhesus monkeys revealed that: (Points : 5) early childhood deprivation could always be reversed with intense resocialization. the ill effects of being raised in isolation had a damaging effect. there was no comparison between the development of the monkeys and human development. midlife deprivation was more serious than early childhood deprivation.
10. (TCO 4) This perspective emphasizes that our social behavior is conditioned by our roles and statuses and the groups to which we belong: (Points : 5) Functionalist perspective Feminist perspective Interactionist perspective Conflict perspective
11. (TCO 4, 9) As a response to the AIDS epidemic, new social networks have emerged that care for the sick, educate the healthy, and lobby for more responsive public policies. The creation of these new networks represents the interests of which sociological perspective? (Points : 5) Functionalist perspective Conflict and feminist perspectives Interactionist perspective Global perspective
12. (TCO 4) A primary group is a small group that is: (Points : 5) characterized by impersonality, with little intimacy or mutual understanding. characterized by intimate, face-to-face association and cooperation. used as a standard for evaluating oneself and one’s behavior. characterized by impersonality and face-to-face associations.
13. (TCO 4) Which one of the following would be an example of a bureaucratic dysfunction? (Points : 5) Employees deprived of a voice in decision making The stifling of initiative and imagination All of the above 14. (TCO 3, 6) Which sociological perspective(s) would most likely emphasize that mass media exacerbates many divisions in our society, including those based on gender, race, ethnicity, and social class? (Points : 5) Functionalist perspective Conflict perspective Interactionist perspective Feminist perspective
15. (TCO 6, 7) A media conglomerate that makes, markets, distributes, and manipulates most aspects of a popular movie is an example of: (Points : 5) gatekeeping. global selection. media concentration. narcotizing effect.

1. (TCO 4) In Robert Merton’s terms, a person who steals money to buy luxury cars and expensive vacations is a: (Points : 5)
ritualist.       rebel.       innovator.       retreatist.
2. (TCO 6, 7) Recent Chinese immigrants to the United States often find jobs working in sweatshops in New York City’s Chinatown, where they work 16 hours or more per day in the textile industry, and earn below the minimum wage. The big businesses that hire these immigrants are an illustration of which idea? (Points : 5)
Contact hypothesis       Exploitation theory       Labeling theory       Self-fulfilling prophecy
3. (TCO 3, 7) This specifies the groups within which a spouse must be found and prohibits marriage with those outside the group. (Points : 5)
Exogamy       Homogamy       Endogamy       polygamy
4. (TCO 5) This sociological perspective on race and ethnicity emphasizes how people are profiled and stereotyped based on their racial and ethnic identity. (Points : 5)
Conflict perspective       Functional perspective       Labeling perspective       Interactionist perspective
5. (TCO 8, 9) Social movements: (Points : 5)
have had a dramatic impact on history and social change in many nations.       contribute to the formation of public opinion.       are increasingly taking on an international dimension.       All of the above
6. (TCO 5, 6) In sociological terms, members of a minority group: (Points : 5)
experience unequal treatment.       are outnumbered by the dominant group.       speak a different language than the dominant group.       are members of a different religious group than the dominant group.
7. (TCO 5, 6) An arbitrary action initiated by law enforcement officers that assumes people who fit certain descriptions are likely to be engaged in illegal activities is known as: (Points : 5)
contact hypothesis.       racial profiling.       labeling theory.       discrimination.
8. (TCO 3) A woman works as a college professor teaching applied sociology for 25 years and decides to retire and work full-time as a marriage and family therapist. This is an illustration of which type of social mobility? (Points : 5)
Intergenerational mobility       Intragenerational mobility       Horizontal mobility       Vertical mobility
9. (TCO 3) Which sociologist maintained that a person’s position in a stratification system reflects some combination of his or her class, status, and power? (Points : 5)
Ralf Dahrendorf       Karl Marx       Gerhard Lenski, Jr.       Max Weber
10. (TCO 3) According to Marx’s view of class differentiation: (Points : 5)
capitalism creates a dual class system consisting of the bourgeoisie and proletariat.       exploitation of the working class would lead to the destruction of the capitalist system.       the ideology of the bourgeoisie justifies its dominance over the working class.       All of the above
11. (TCO 3, 7) The United States Supreme Court ruled in Engel v. Vitale (1962) that: (Points : 5)
school prayers are acceptable as long as they are not mandatory.       the use of nondenominational prayer in New York schools violated the First Amendment’s prohibition against government establishment of religion.       creationism must be taught at the same time as evolutionary views of development.       schools cannot sponsor prayers or religious observances at school events.
12. (TCO 2) The race of a criminal offender is associated with the frequency in which capital punishment is administered. In this example, race would be considered the: (Points : 5)
hypothesis.       dependent variable.       independent variable.       index.
13. (TCO 2) According to this perspective, industrial nations exploit developing nations through colonialism and multinational corporations. (Points : 5)
Modernization theory       Neocolonialism       Dependency theory       World systems analysis
14. (TCO 8, 9) This approach to health and illness focuses on inequities in access to and delivery of healthcare. (Points : 5)
Functionalist approach       Conflict approach       Interactionist approach       Labeling approach
15. (TCO 4) According to this theory, increases in crime and deviance are the result of a breakdown or absence of communal relationships and social institutions. (Points : 5)
Social disorganization theory       Anomie theory       Conflict theory       Control theory