Multiple Choice Answers

Question 1
The measure of how much we understood and learned in a college course is referred to as: A. assessments. B. grades. C. testing. D. feedback.
Question 2
Testing: A. is the only basis of grades in college. B. requires excellent writing and research skills. C. creates anxiety for those who did not study well. D. is the primary means of evaluating student performance.
Question 3
The best way to reduce stress and anxiety in testing is: A. getting sleep and eating healthy. B. greathing well during testing. C. prepare and study well. D. take good notes.
Question 4
Test-taking strategies are about knowing how to: study  B. memorize subject matter. C. take a test. D. take good notes.
Question 5
Most students’ goal is to: A. Pass the course. B. avoid failing the test. C. get good grades. D. reduce test anxiety.
Question 6
The difference between taking a test in an online course and a traditional class is: A. the online test is easier. B. reviewing is not as rigorous because the online test is generally open-book. C. the professor is not present and available to the students during the online test. D. the online test is harder.
Question 7
An essay-type exam is an example of a(n): A. objective test. B. written test. C. subjective test. D. academic writing.
Question 8
An example of an objective test is: A. short answers. B. essay-type exam. C. fill in the blanks. D. discussion board.
Question 9
A discussion board in an online course can be another form of: A. communication. B. assessment. C. objective test. D. free expression.
Question 10
In multiple-choice exams, answers containing __________ such as always, every, and never are generally the wrong answers. A. action words B. evaluators C. extreme modifiers D. subjective words
Question 11
Which is the better strategy in multiple-choice exams? A. Answer questions sequentially. B. Skip the question when you are not sure of the answer and return later. C. Answer the hard questions first. D. Answer questions in reverse order.
Question 12
Open-book exams can be more difficult than expected because they: A. are very detailed. B. cover a lot of material. C. are timed. D. are monitored.
Question 13
Which is the better strategy in essay type exams? A. The longer the answer, the better. B. Respond to the directive or action word. C. State the answer word for word. D. Be sure to use the keywords.

Question 14
When the directive word for an essay exam is criticize, it also means to: A. discuss B. evaluate. C. justify. D. state.
Question 15
When you make your answer clear by giving an example, you: A. analyze. B. relate. C. illustrate. D. describe.
Question 16
Compare is to discover resemblances and differences, while contrast is to look for: A. causal connection. B. identifications. C. arguments. D. differences.
Question 17
To review your answer for correct spelling, grammar, complete sentences, and punctuation is to: A. revise B. proofread. C. rewrite. D. edit.
Question 18
Plagiarism is copying another’s work word for word, except when you copy and cite a(n): A. anecdote. B. quotation. C. statement. D. thesis.
Question 19
Explain, discuss, analyze, state, and evaluate are examples of __________ words in an essay-type exam. A. key. B. directive. C. instructive. D. interpretation.
Question 20
Objective and subjective tests, which include written and research papers, are called: A. test types. B. assessments. C. exams. D. qualifiers.
Question 1
Essays appear in many different forms, but every essay has two features: rhetorical context and rhetorical: A. reason. B. structure. C. purpose. D. audience.
Question 2
Almost all writing follows the “classical pattern”; although it has variations, this pattern includes all of the following EXCEPT: A. a context. B. a conclusion. C. an introduction. D. a body.
Question 3
The approach in which the reader is aware of not only what the writer is trying to say but also how the writer is communicating is called: A. profitable method. B. reading for information. C. active, analytical reading. D. easy reading.
Question 4
The preliminary steps you take before you write your first draft include all of the following EXCEPT: A. prewriting. B. focusing. C. organizing. D. revising for content.
Question 5
In establishing your rhetorical context, audience and __________ are inextricably linked. A. purpose B. age C. geographical location D. occupations
Question 6
Most people prefer one of three basic approaches to learning, i.e., your preferred learning style, that include all of the following EXCEPT: A. aural. B. articulate. C. verbal. D. visual.

Question 7
A __________ is a sentence or group of sentences that states your controlling idea. A. brainstorm B. cluster C. thesis D. loop
Question 8
Students may encounter all of the following while drafting an in-class essay EXCEPT: A. the internal editor. B. writer’s block. C. panic. D. choice of environment and extra time.
Question 9
The use of the pronoun “you” in an essay is acceptable: A. all of the time. B. under only one condition: if the writer is speaking directly to the reader. C. only in a technical or legal document that calls for objective writing. D. in a technical document when the pronoun “I” also is used.
Question 10
Techniques that writers use to get the reader’s attention in introductory paragraphs include all of the following EXCEPT: A. using an engaging anecdote. B. using a provocative statement. C. using exclamation points after every sentence. D. using a quotation or questioning an assumption.
Question 11
When writers use the __________ option, they are trying to prove a general assertion by providing specific evidence to back up the assertion. A. exemplification B. description C. narration D. process analysis
Question 12
Just as the thesis statement represents the controlling idea of an essay, the __________ sentence indicates the specific subject of a paragraph. A. authoritative B. comparison/contrast C. classification D. topic
Question 13
The process of modifying what you have written so that it is more effective and economical is: A. coherence. B. solicitation. C. revision. D. shaping.
Question 14
An essay can go wrong in all of the following ways EXCEPT: A. have coherence. B. sound a false note. C. confuse the reader. D. have an impact that the writer never intended.
Question 15
Standard English: A. avoids the casual tone and slang of informal English. B. is conversational and includes slang. C. is the language of scholarly writing. D. uses the complex vocabulary and syntax of formal English.
Question 16
__________ language appeals to the senses and usually communicates ideas and details more effectively. A. Abstract B. Concrete C. Specific D. Careful
Question 17
Your __________ is your essay’s attitude toward your subject. A. body paragraph B. rhetorical C. tone D. context
Question 18
A/an __________ is a word or phrase used to modify an adjacent noun. A. participle B. verb C. original D. appositive
Question 19
__________ are words used to join words, phrases, and sentences. A. Conjunctions B. Dependent clauses C. Verbs D. Participles
Question 20
The use of two or more words together that mean the same thing, such as “future plans,” is called: A. emphasis. B. redundancy. C. the use of euphemisms. D. figurative language.
Question 1
When completing a research paper, you need to fulfill all three of the following responsibilities EXCEPT: A. document sources of information informally or not at all – your choice. B. research information relevant to your topic and take notes from these sources. C. incorporate the results of your research in a way that logically supports your own ideas and conclusions. D. document the sources of your information properly, using an accepted style.
Question 2
What section of the library contains general works such as dictionaries and encyclopedias? A. Fiction B. Biography C. Reference D. Card catalogue
Question 3
__________ sources are original works containing firsthand information and insights that you might make the focus of a research paper. A. Secondary B. Tertiary C. Primary D. Expert opinion
Question 4
Only some research papers that you will be assigned in college require the use of primary sources, but __________ require(s) secondary sources. A. none B. virtually all C. very few D. about half
Question 5
A ___________ contains records of ALL of the books, periodical articles, Web sites, and other sources you search to find information. A. works-cited section B. working bibliography C. references section D. references page
Question 6
You should include all of the following information for any book source you list EXCEPT: A. author(s) and publisher. B. volume number or edition number (if appropriate). C. title and subtitle. D. whether you found the book interesting.
Question 7
Magazines, journals, and newspapers are types of __________, which are publications that come out at regular intervals. A. periodicals B. catalogues C. topics D. assignments
Question 8
If you wanted to find citations and abstracts of journal articles in art, classics, history, language, or literature, you would access what online database? A. Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature B. Anthropological Index Online C. ABI INFORM D. Humanities
Question 9
URL stands for: A. Upper Resource Location B. Uniform Resource Locator C. Under Resourced Landline D. Uniform Response Locator
Question 10
AltaVista, Google, and Lycos are examples of: A. Booleans. B. Internet browsers. C. search engines. D. FAQs.

Question 11
Which one of the following does NOT need to be cited? A. A direct quotation of another person’s writing or speech, even if only a few words B. A paraphrase or summary of another person’s writing or speech C. Graphic or audiovisual material produced by another person D. Common knowledge, such as water freezes at 32 degrees Fahrenheit.
Question 12
“MLA” stands for: A. Modern Language Association. B. Modern Linguistic Action. C. Modern Language Artistry. D. Millennium Literary Association.
Question 13
The last element in an APA-style research paper is the: A. in-text citation. B. message posted to newsgroups. C. reference section. D. online source.
Question 14
“APA” stands for: A. American Psychological Association. B. American Parenthetical Alliance. C. Association of Published Authors. D. Alliance of Publication Acronyms.
Question 16
To “elide” text is to ___________ text. A. plagiarize B. misspell C. omit D. verify
Question 17
A/an __________ is three spaced dots and takes the place of missing words. A. quotation B. analysis C. ellipsis D. block
Question 18
If you want to quote only a few words from a sentence, do not use the ellipsis; instead: A. use a block quotation. B. elide the words. C. use exclamation points. D. embed the quotation within your sentence.
Question 19
The use of __________ after a misspelling or an obvious factual problem means “thus” (“that’s the way I found it”) and tells your reader that you know the source is incorrect. A. [mistake] B. [wrong] C. [sic] D. [fix]
Question 20
According to APA guidelines, any passage that consists of more than one paragraph or contains more than 40 words must be: A. set off as a block quotation. B. centered and single-spaced. C. indented on the right side of the quotation. D. triped-spaced above and below it.
Question 1
A __________ study examines the possible effects of a change in policy. A. possibility B. maybe yes, maybe no C. feasibility D. situational
Question 2
The study in Q#1 requires the use of the __________ option, in which a writer explores the causes and/or effects of an event, a policy, or a situation. A. event B. multiple causes C. major cause D. causal analysis
Question 3
In one of the basic patterns of causal analysis, a writer concentrates on the cause of a situation by explaining how an outcome is the product of a combination of causes. This pattern is called: A. one major cause with several effects. B. multiple causes of one effect. C. hypothetical effects of a proposed change. D. causal chains.

Question 4
This term may best be explained as “one thing leads to another.” A. Causal chains B. Feasibility study C. Writer’s eye D. Conspicuous busyness
Question 5
In Barbara Ehrenreich’s essay titled “The Cult of Busyness,” the word “incorrigible” means: A. incapable of being corrected. B. curable. C. a large container. D. a breed of dog.
Question 6
In Barbara Ehrenreich’s essay titled “The Cult of Busyness,” the word “acumen” means: A. dull. B. keenness and depth of perception. C. sadness. D. type of car.
Question 7
A __________ is a statement that seems contradictory but that is nevertheless true. A. puzzle B. definition C. tribulation D. paradox
Question 8
In Natalie Angier’s essay titled “Is War Our Biological Destiny?” the word “anachronistic” means: A. current. B. bad-tempered. C. chronologically out of place. D. fearful of spiders.
Question 9
What novelist, playwright, screenwriter, actor, and political commentator wrote Burr, The Golden Age, and “Drugs”? A. Barbara Ehrenreich B. Natalie Angier C. Richard Rhodes D. Gore Vidal
Question 10
A/an __________ question is one asked by a writer who really doesn’t want an answer but wants to raise the issue mentioned in the question. A. inverted B. rhetorical C. paradoxical D. fantasy
Question 11
In Gore Vidal’s article titled “Drugs,” the word “exhortation” means: A. language intended to incite and encourage. B. deportation. C. depression. D. a sad facial expression.
Question 12
“Spurious” means: A. true. B. false. C. legitimate. D. humorous.
Question 13
The purpose of a causal analysis essay is to: A.  apply  successfully for a job. B. break down a process into steps. C. explain causes and/or effects to the reader. D. entertain.
Question 14
In Richard Rhodes’ article titled “Hollow Claims about Fantasy Violence,” the word “entrepreneur” means: A. one who organizes, manages, and assumes the risks of a business. B. one who is fluent in the French language. C. a keeper of secrets. D. a lower-level employee of a business.
Question 15
In Richard Rhodes’ article titled “Hollow Claims about Fantasy Violence,” the word “confections” means: A. inventions or advances in technology. B. timekeeping devices. C. light but entertaining theatrical, cinematic, or literary works. D. fines for speeding tickets.
Question 16
In Richard Rhodes’ article titled “Hollow Claims about Fantasy Violence,” the word “marginal” means: A. limited in extent or significance. B. a butter-like spread. C. of great intelligence and skill. D. bright in color.
Question 17
In Richard Rhodes’ article titled “Hollow Claims about Fantasy Violence,” the word “proliferation” means: A. a discussion lasting longer than one hour. B. nuclear disarmament. C. a multiplying or growth. D. an academic discipline.
Question 18
In Richard Rhodes’ article titled “Hollow Claims about Fantasy Violence,” the word “critique” means: A. a type of biscuit. B. a raincoat. C. a teacher or professor. D. a critical estimate or discussion.
Question 19
According to Richard Rhodes in his article, “Hollow Claims about Fantasy Violence,” there is good evidence—causal, not correlational–that violence is learned: A. in personal violent encounters. B. in violent video programming. C. from the media. D. from televised mock violence.
Question 20
Events often occur simultaneously and are associated with each other in people’s minds, but that does not mean that one event has caused the other. This critical issue in developing a causal analysis is: A. recognizing the law of unintended consequences. B. mistaking correlation for causation. C. choosing internal strategies. D. exploring a “what-if” scenario.
Question 1
__________ are internal documents, sent within a business. A. Letters B. Resumes C. Memos D. Complaint calls
Question 2
For centuries, the two standard forms of written business communication were memos and: A. e-mails. B. faxes. C. text messages. D. letters.
Question 3
The practical context of an e-mail includes all of the following EXCEPT: A. a subject line. B. awareness of its purpose. C. the date. D. the time.
Question 4
The rhetorical context of an e-mail includes all of the following EXCEPT: A. date and time. B. awareness of audience. C. awareness of purpose. D. tone.
Question 5
Traditionally, the text of a memo is divided into three parts that include all of the following EXCEPT: A. conclusion. B. letter of complaint. C. introduction. D. body.
Question 6
Modern memos expedite the reader’s task by featuring: A. fully developed, very long paragraphs. B. double spaces between each line, without any space between paragraphs. C. lots of boldfaced and/or italicized terms. D. shorter blocks of text.
Question 7
The author of a memo handwrites his or her initials at the end of the __________ line because memos are never signed, so the initials prevent a subversive employee from floating a document under someone else’s name. A. “Date” B. “To” C. “From” D. “Subject”
Question 8
Although business letters serve a variety of needs, they fall into __________ broad categories. A. two B. three C. four D. five

Question 9
When typing a business letter, use a standard font such as __________, which is easy to read. A. Playbill B. Algerian C. Garamond D. Showcard Gothic
Question 10
When typing a business letter, use a type size no smaller than __________ point (or 10 characters per inch—CPI—if that is how your computer measures type). A. 12 B. 14 C. 16 D. 18
Question 11
The first word of the salutation in a business letter is always: A. Sincerely. B. Hello. C. Attention. D. Dear.
Question 12
The address you are sending your business letter to is called: A. the external address. B. the inside address. C. the complimentary close. D. the salutation.
Question 13
In addressing a business letter, which of the following is correct? A. Dr. Janis Bander, M.D. B. Dr. Ronald Dos, Ph.D. C. Dr. Miriam Smithers D. M.D. Dr. Janis Bander
Question 14
In a business letter, separate the date from the other elements by __________ line spaces. A. two B. three C. four D. five
Question 15
The date on a business letter should reflect the day the letter: A. is drafted. B. is written. C. is mailed. D. is signed.
Question 16
Two appropriate forms of the complimentary close in a business letter are: A. Sincerely B. As ever or Best. C. Ciao D. Sincerely Sincerely
Question 17
The summary of the applicant’s education and work history is called the: A. dossier. B. rap sheet. C. resume D. letter of application.
Question 18
A more personal, persuasive document tailored to the particular position the applicant desires is called the: A. personal business letter. B. letter of application. C. resume. D. dossier.
Question 19
A resume saved as a plain-text file, which allows prospective employers to scan your resume for key words, is also known as a: A. template. B. scannable resume. C. posted resume. D. monitored resume.
Question 20
Do not send out a resume until at least three individuals, preferably __________, have agreed to recommend you. A. professors and/or job supervisors B. friends C. relatives D. members of the clergy