Multiple Choice Answers

Question 1
Although an extreme, the Dirty Harry solution might be supported by which ethical system?
A. Utilitarianism
B. Ethical formalism
C. Ethics of virtue
D. Religion
Question 2
The themes discussed in the textbook that run through each of the subsystems of the criminal justice system include all of the following, EXCEPT:
A. the presence of authority, power, force and discretion.
B. the prevalence of corruption.
C. the importance of ethical leadership.
D. the tension between deontological ethical systems and teleological or “means-end” ethical analysis.
Question 3
The principle of double effect states that if one undertakes an action that is a good, but that also results in a negative end, as long as the negative end was not the intent of the actor, the good action and the good end can be considered a:
A. good.
B. negative means.
C. negative end.
D. negative result.
Question 4
Renditions are:
A. drawings.
B. extraditions.
C. kidnappings.
D. treaty agreements.
Question 5
Bagram prison is in:
A. Iraq.
B. Afghanistan.
C. Iran.
D. Cuba.
Question 6
In the public service approach, all of the following statements are correct, EXCEPT which one?
A. Values and ethics focus on human rights.
B. Values and ethics focus on the right to due process.
C. The fundamental duty of all public servants is to protect human rights and the right to due process.
D. The protection of rights is not more important than getting information, including by torture if necessary.
Question 7
The “just war” arguments are primarily:
A. ethical formalism.
B. utilitarianism.
C. ethics of virtue.
D. ethics of necessity.
Question 8
Principle of double effect justifies a:
A. means that results in an unintended negative.
B. negative means.
C. negative end for a good means.
D. means that results in a good end.
Question 9
The Patriot Act includes the following EXCEPT:
A. requires Arab-born to register.
B. allows searches without notification of citizens.
C. allows federal agents to share information with local law enforcement.
D. requires definition of terrorist organization by Congress before deportation.
Question 10
The case that dealt with a U.S. citizen held without due process protections as an enemy combatant was:
A. Clark v. Martinez.
B. Hamdi v. Rumsfeld.
C. Hamdan v. Rumsfeld.
D. Moussaki v. Bush.
Question 11
The public service approach would be consistent with recognizing human rights, and the crime control approach would be consistent with:
A. noble-cause corruption.
B. expansion of governmental powers.
C. reduction of civil liberties.
D. All of the above
Question 12
The arguments against torture are supported by:
A. ethical formalism.
B. ethics of care.
C. Utilitarianism.
D. All of the above
Question 13
__________ was the prison that was the site of pictures taken of extreme torture-tactics by Americans against Iraqi citizens.
A. Bagram
B. Attica
C. Abu Ghraib
D. Guantanamo
Question 14
One of the forms of interrogation used by the Japanese in World War II was the “water cure” that we know today as:
A. waterboarding.
B. subjected to extreme heat and cold.
C. shackled to the ceiling.
D. thrown into walls.
Question 15
The deliberate, negligent, or reckless use of force against noncombatants, by state or non-state actors for ideological ends is:
A. torture.
B. waterboarding.
C. terrorism.
D. the principle of double effect.
Question 16
Soon after the United States military initiated hostilities in Afghanistan, “enemy combatants” were captured and sent to a military installation at:
A. Bagram.
B. Guantanamo Bay.
C. Abu Ghraib.
D. Geneva.
Question 17
__________ is the ethical justification for all the counter-terrorism measures since 9/11.
A. The First Amendment
B. A rights-based model
C. A deontological approach
D. Utilitarianism
Question 18
In the public service approach, values and ethics focus on:
A. the absence of the right to due process.
B. racial profiling.
C. human rights.
D. means-end thinking.
Question 19
FISA stands for:
A. the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act.
B. the First Institute of Surveillance Acts.
C. the Foreign Institute of Surveillance Activities.
D. Freedom in Surveillance Activities.
Question 20
Citizens may gain access to some government documents by filing a/an __________ Request.
A. Government Document
B. Requisition for Documents
C. Freedom of Information
D. Government Document Acquisition