Multiple Choice Answers

Question 1
Which of the following is NOT an example of “noble-cause corruption”?
A. Testilying
B. Magic pencil
C. Dropsy testimony
D. Bribery

Question 2
Noble-cause corruption is justified by which ethical system?
A. Egoism
B. Utilitarianism
C. Ethics of Care
D. Ethical formalism

Question 3
The term “magic pencil” refers to what practice of police corruption?
A. Signing false confessions
B. Making up facts on affidavits for search warrants
C. Guiding a suspect’s hand while writing a confession
D. Committing perjury on the stand

Question 4
The strongest ethical argument against undercover officers having intimate relationships with suspects comes from:
A. utilitarianism.
B. ethical formalism.
C. ethics of care.
D. religion.

Question 5
According to South, some of the ethical problems with informants include all EXCEPT:
A. engaging in love affairs with informants.
B. overestimates of veracity.
C. being used by informants.
D. informant being killed.

Question 6
Which of the following is NOT included in Barker and Carter’s typology of lies?
A. Accepted Lies
B. Deviant Lies
C. Blue Lies
D. Tolerated Lies

Question 7
The objective test for entrapment:
A. focuses on the criminal record of the defendant.
B. focuses on law enforcement involvement in the crime committed.
C. focuses on the “moral character” of the defendant.
D. focuses on the “moral character” of the police officer.

Question 8
In Weisburd and Greenspan’s study, what percent of officers believed that a whistleblower would experience sanctions from fellow officers?
A. 1/4
B. 2/3
C. 90 percent
D. 50 percent

Question 9
The principle of double effect states that:
A. the end justifies the means.
B. unintended negative effects are justified in the pursuit of a good end.
C. good ends must be twice as good as the unethical means used to achieve the ends.
D. negative means must be half as bad as the good end that is achieved.

Question 10
Integrity testing refers to which police management tactic?
A. Having recruits pass an ethics test before graduating from the academy
B. Undercover stings of police wrongdoing
C. Ethics training courses; followed by oral examination
D. Intensive background investigation of police recruits

Question 11
The public distrust of lawyers can be traced back to:
A. ancient Greek philosophers.
B. the Watergate Scandal.
C. World War I.
D. the Magna Carta.

Question 12
The current source for evaluating attorney misconduct is:
A. The Model Code of Professional Responsibility.
B. The Moral Code of Professional Responsibility.
C. The Professional Code of Ethics for Lawyers.
D. The Model Rules of Professional Responsibility.

Question 13
The belief that loyalty to one’s client surpasses individual and private morality is characteristic of:
A. the legal agent position on the attorney-client relationship.
B. the moral agent position on the attorney-client relationship.
C. the special relationship position on the attorney-client relationship.
D. the position that the lawyer must follow only his or her conscience.

Question 14
Which of the following is NOT an exception to the confidentiality rule for defense attorneys?
A. Prevention of reasonably certain death or substantial bodily harm
B. Client consent
C. Court order
D. Knowledge of evidence of a murder

Question 15
Which factor would be unethical for a prosecutor to consider in making charging decisions?
A. The severity of the crime
B. The quality of evidence
C. The ability to obtain a conviction
D. The income of the victim

Question 16
Which of the following is NOT considered prosecutorial misconduct?
A. Ex parte communication with a judge
B. Communicating with the defendant without counsel present
C. Failure to disclose evidence
D. Speaking to the media about whether or not an indictment has been returned

Question 17
Which of the following is NOT a criticism of how the Bar handles complaints of ethical violations?
A. Very few sanctions result from investigations.
B. The investigative bodies are secretive and informal.
C. Lawyers can easily pay a fine to have the charges dismissed without an investigation.
D. Charges of incompetence are rarely investigated.

Question 18
Which of the following is NOT a description of a type of office policy that describes prosecutorial decision making?
A. Legal sufficiency
B. System sufficiency
C. Frial sufficiency
D. Defendant rehabilitation

Question 19
The motions demanding that the prosecutor reveal exculpatory information are called:

A. Brady motions.
B. exculpatory motions.
C. garrow motions.
D. MREs.

Question 20
The ethical concern regarding expert witnesses is about whether they are really which of the following?
A. independent.
B. qualified.
C. stay within their expertise (no halo effect).
D. All of the above