Multiple Choice Answers

Question 1
All public servants have the following characteristics EXCEPT:
A. paid from public purse.
B. special duties.
C. power to use force.
D. held to higher standard.

Question 2
Which of the following is NOT one of Braswell’s reasons to study ethics?
A. Critical thinking
B. Awareness
C. Wholesight
D. Public image

Question 3
The highly technical discipline investigating the meaning of ethical terms including a critical study of how ethical statements can be verified is:
A. normative ethics.
B. applied ethics.
C. forensic ethics.
D. meta-ethics.

Question 4
Which of the following would NOT be considered a moral judgment?
A. Capital punishment is just.
B. Abortion results in the death of fetuses.
C. Generosity is desirable.
D. Sodomy is a personal choice that individuals have a right to make.

Question 5
Ethical work decisions fall into three of the following categories; which one does NOT belong?
A. Effects on citizenry
B. Effects on self
C. Effects on other employees
D. Effects on organization

Question 6
Superogatories have to do with:
A. commendable actions.
B. virtues.
C. laws.
D. meta-ethics.

Question 7
Which of the following is an example of a value?
A. It is raining.
B. Rain is good.
C. He is a liar.
D. He is a criminal.

Question 8
Good Samaritan laws require citizens to:
A. give a certain percentage of salary to charity.
B. render assistance to those who are victims of accidents or crimes.
C. assist police officers.
D. report all crimes.

Question 9
The four levels of legal culpability are:
A. negligence, recklessness, knowing, intentional.
B. mens rea, actus reus, causation, concurrence.
C. negligence, knowing, mens rea, intentional.
D. negligence, recklessness, volition, intentional.

Question 10
Which of the following is an example of an imperfect duty?
A. To be generous
B. To tell the truth when testifying under oath
C. To not cheat on a test
D. To jump into a river to save a drowning person

Question 11
Which of the following is NOT a requirement of ethical systems?
A. Universal in nature
B. Authoritative
C. Based on God (however defined)
D. Not self-serving

Question 12
The difference between deontological ethical systems and teleological ethical systems is that:
A. deontological systems focus on intent instead of consequences.
B. deontological systems prioritize the ends over the means.
C. teleological systems focus on intent instead of consequences.
D. teleological systems prioritize the means over the ends.

Question 13
Immanuel Kant is most associated with which ethical system?
A. Utilitarianism
B. Ethics of Care
C. Ethics of Virtue
D. Ethical Formalism

Question 14
Which statement is NOT consistent with Ethical Formalism?
A. Moral law is self-imposed.
B. Moral actions are determined by reason.
C. Lying is never justified.
D. Individuals cannot control the consequences of their decisions.

Question 15
Which ethical system embraces human’s inclination for self-preservation?
A. Ethical formalism
B. Natural law
C. Ethics of care
D. Ethics of virtue

Question 16
Which is NOT considered a moral virtue?
A. Thriftiness
B. Industriousness
C. Love
D. Honesty

Question 17
This ethical system that is concerned with needs and relationships is:
A. virtue.
B. religion.
C. ethical formalism.
D. ethics of care.

Question 18
Subcultural deviance theory is most consistent with which type of ethical system?
A. Deontological
B. Absolutist
C. Legalist
D. Relativist

Question 19
Hypothetical imperatives are:
A. a form of punctuation that can change the meaning of sentences.
B. part of the deontological ethical system.
C. the same as categorical imperatives.
D. commands that designate certain actions to attain certain ends.

Question 20
Utilitarianism is associated with __________, a philosopher in the 1700s and 1800s.
A. Kant
B. Bentham
C. Locke
D. Kohlberg