Multiple Choice Answers

Which four factors were responsible for the creation of economy as a separate social institution?
A. Agricultural technology, specialized work, permanent settlements, and trade
B. Industrial technology, specialized work, permanent settlements, and stratification
C. Industrial technology, specialized work, permanent settlements, and trade
D. Agricultural technology, specialized work, permanent settlements, and stratification

Which of the following is true in the United States?
A. Oligopolies are legal.
B. Conglomerates are considered unethical.
C. Monopolies are legal.
D. Interlocking directorates are illegal.

In the view of Robert Bellah, a quasi-religious loyalty that binds individuals in a basically secular society
may be thought of as
A. conservative religiosity.
B. sham religiosity.
C. civil religion.
D. popular religion.

Studies have determined that higher levels of religiosity are correlated with
A. low rates of delinquency.
B. high rates of divorce.
C. moderate levels of patriarchy.
D. faith in science.

For Emile Durkheim, distinguishing the _______ from the _______ is the essence of religious belief.
A. parent; child
B. true; false
C. spiritual; physical
D. sacred; profane

16. The Thomas theorem stems from the __________ perspective.
A. symbolic-interaction
B. sociobiological
C. conflict
D. structural-functional

The pluralist model of the distribution of power is linked most closely to the _______ perspective.
A. conflict
B. symbolic-interaction
C. sociobiological
D. structural-functional

Regarding problems in American schools, which of the following statements is true?
A. In most cases, the conditions within schools encourage violence.
B. Most observers feel that schools are effective in promoting discipline.
C. The bureaucratic structure of schools promotes student passivity.
D. The passivity common in secondary schools isn’t found in college classrooms.

Regarding eating disorders and obesity, which of the following statements is true?
A. Obesity is increasing even though meals are getting smaller.
B. About 60 percent of white women are afflicted with an eating disorder.
C. Obesity is the most serious of the eating-related disorders.
D. Most who suffer from anorexia nervosa are from working-class families.

Industrialization and democracy often fit together because both require
A. a compliant populace.
B. cooperation and competition.
C. a literate populace.
D. free trade and competition.