Multiple Choice Answers

1. What event set World War I into motion?
A. The assassination of the heir to Austria-Hungary’s throne
B. Turkey’s attacking Russian cities along the Black Sea
C. Germany’s seeking a treaty with Turkey
D. Britain and France’s attacking Germany’s ally, Turkey
2. Lihua told her interviewer that the Chinese must “eat bitterness.” What was the context of her comment?
A. She was comparing life in Peking with life in her rural village.
B. She was comparing life in China before and after the Communist victory of 1949.
C. She was referring to the inadequate diet of the Chinese people.
D. She was referring to the lies of the Communist government.
3. What prompted Turkey’s 1914 shelling of Russian cities along the Black Sea?
A. Russia was readying to seize the Dardanelles.
B. Germany forced Turkey to do it in keeping with their treaty.
C. Turkey was retaliating against Russia’s attacking them.
D. Turkey wanted to control the Black Sea.
4. Which of the following best describes what the Kuomintang was?
A. The Nationalists’ army
B. A democratic party
C. A Communist faction
D. A group of Chinese warlords
5. As expressed in your readings, which of these statements best expresses the crucial paradox of the
twentieth century?
A. Human life is devalued in exchange for freedom.
B. War in the name of liberty leads to tyranny.
C. Human life is disregarded as nations seek global security.
D. A war for ideals inevitable corrupts those ideals.
6. The Rwanda’s colonizers favored the Tutsi people over the Hutu people because the Tutsi
A. were European featured.
B. were the majority group.
C. were the minority group.
D. embraced European culture.
7. At Gold Mountain, during Mao’s Great Leap Forward, how did a government ministry feel that the
peasants could increase their supply of fertilizer?
A. The peasants could trade their agricultural produce for fertilizer.
B. The peasants could cut down and burn trees, then spread the ash over the fields.
C. They could sell locally mined coal to earn money for buying fertilizer.
D. Human waste could be gathered and used as fertilizer.
8. Winston Churchill’s speech, “The Sinews of Peace,” became known as the _______ speech.
A. “Cold War”
B. “Victory”
C. “United Nations”
D. “Iron Curtain”
9. After World War II, the Jewish population did not demand revenge on Germany because they
A. didn’t want to reopen the wound.
B. couldn’t do so because of their religious beliefs.
C. were afraid of drawing attention to themselves.
D. were trying to assimilate in their societies.
10. What two “giant marauders” did Winston Churchill identify in his famous speech?
A. Poverty and privation
B. Tyranny and faithlessness
C. War and injustice
D. War and tyranny
11. The United Nations Organization was founded in response to
A. the Vietnam War.
B. World War II.
C. World War I.
D. the Korean War.
12. In Churchill’s speech, he said that a special relationship between the United Sates and the British
Commonwealth states would
A. would lead to a universal principle of common citizenship.
B. be vital to the development of a more peaceful world.
C. delay the development of a more peaceful world order.
D. give a new voice to the poor of the world.
13. Rather than promoting goods and manufactures, the 1939 New York World’s Fair sought to emphasize
A. the arts.
B. science and technology.
C. cultural awareness.
D. the strength of business.
14. In his 1992 speech, how did Mikhail Gorbachev view the impact of the global communications
revolution on the people of less-developed countries?
A. The sense of social deprivation was amplified.
B. A hunger for social reform was opposing imperialism.
C. Terrorists had gained new ways to threaten rich countries.
D. New hopes and aspirations were soaring.
15. The author of “Conflict in Rwanda” asserts that the root of the civil war there was because of
A. political conflicts.
B. ethnic hatred.
C. religious rivalry.
D. territorial disputes.
16. The United States’ victory in the Cold War was largely due to its
A. stronger military.
B. larger stockpile of weapons.
C. stronger economy.
D. possession of nuclear weapons.
17. When the Bolsheviks seized power, Russia was considered “backward.” For Theodore Von Laue, this “backwardness” meant that the
A. country had no cohesive cultural organization.
B. people lacked the self-discipline to run the country effectively.
C. Russian Empire’s government was outdated and ineffective.
D. economy lacked organization and strength.
18. At the 1939 New York World’s Fair, the Tomorrow Town failed to generate the kind of interest it was intended to because it
A. consisted of only futuristic exhibits.
B. wasn’t geared to the average citizen.
C. wasn’t advertised well enough.
D. was poorly organized.

19. During China’s Cultural Revolution, the intellectuals were persecuted because they
A. embraced Western ideology and scholarship.
B. were perceived as being too democratic.
C. introduced radical change to the great traditions.
D. were the carriers of the great traditions