Table 18.11 (p. 484 and also provided below) gives abbreviated balance sheets and income statements for Estée Lauder Companies. Calculate the following ratios:
a. Return on assets
b. Operating profit margin
c. Sales-to-assets ratio
d, Inventory turnover
e. Debt–equity ratio
f. Current ratio
g. Quick ratio
Suppose that you wish to use financial ratios to estimate the risk of a company’s stock. Which of those that we have described in this chapter are likely to be helpful? Can you think of other accounting measures of risk?
If a firm pays its bills with a 30-day delay, what fraction of its purchases will be paid in the current quarter? In the following quarter? What if the delay is 60 days?
Corporate financial plans are often used as a basis for judging subsequent performance. What do you think can be learned from such comparisons? What problems are likely to arise, and how might you cope with these problems?