Expert Answers

Question 1 For question 1, place the number of the word next to the matching definition.
5- Inhibit and protect against infection.
4- Gland reduces in size as one ages
3- Cell collects and transmits information.
1- Occurs naturally because of genetic factors or physiology.
2- Acquired immune system.
Question 2  Which of the following is a common physical change in late adulthood?
height loss
increased sensitivity to pain
mildly diminished hearing
extremely diminished sense of taste and smell
Question 3  When bone tissue loss becomes severe, an older adult has developed _________.
glaucoma
cataracts
osteoporosis
arthritis
Question 4  Compared with younger workers, older workers are more likely to __________.
have higher absenteeism
have more accidents
report lower job satisfaction
experience age-related negative stereotypes
Question 5 __________ is a mood disorder in which the individual is deeply unhappy, demoralized, and bored.
Alzheimer disease
Dementia
Major depression
Parkinson disease
Question 6  ___________ is a global term for any neurological disorder in which the primary symptoms involve a deterioration of mental functioning.
Parkinson disease
Alzheimer disease
Depression
Dementia
Question 7 Early onset Alzheimer disease accounts for ________% of cases.
20
10
50
30
Question 8 Which of these shows the correct function of each bone cell?
Osteoblasts- bone-forming cells; Osteoclasts- mature bone cells that maintain bone; Osteocytes- bone destroying cells
Osteoblasts- mature bone cells; Osteoclasts- bone destroying cells; Osteocytes- bone forming cells
Osteoblasts- bone forming cells; Osteoclasts- bone forming cells; Osteocytes- bone destroying cells
Osteoblasts- bone forming cells; Osteoclasts- bone destroying cells; Osteocytes- mature bone cells that maintain bone
Question 9 Which person most likely has the largest thymus gland?
a 65-year old
a two-year old
a 12-year old
a 25-year old

Question 10 Which of the following cells is most affected as an individual ages?
B-cells
cytotoxic T- cells
helper T-cells
macrophages

Question 11After which age are declines in the immune system most evident?
20
40
60
80
Question 12  Which vitamin is necessary for your body to absorb calcium? Question 12 options:
Vitamin C
Vitamin D
Vitamin E
Vitamin K
Question 13 Which part of a joint does osteoarthritis usually affect?
Bone
Cartilage
Tendon
All the above
Question 14 Societal aging reflects those changes in person’s roles and relationships.
True
False
Question 15 The greatest risk factor for neurodegenerative diseases is aging.
True
False
Question 16 Define bone remodeling. Be sure to describe the steps.
Question 17 Describe the stages of Alzheimer’s disease.
Question 18 Aging decreases immunity. Describe this statement also including one specific effect aging has on immunity.
Question 19 The Primer on Social Aging states that there are four biological changes associated with aging. Identify and describe 2 of the 4 changes.